Mayo 16 en la Historia |
Lunes 15 Mayo, 2017 19:45

Mayo 16 en la Historia

Germans crush Jewish uprising; President Andrew Johnson survives a key vote at his Senate trial after his impeachment; First Oscars are presented; Actor Henry Fonda born; Singer Sammy Davis, Jr. and Muppets creator Jim Henson die.

Hoy en la Historia,

Mayo 16 en la Historia,

Today in History May 16,

The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) held the first ceremony at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with 270 people attending. There were twelve award categories and the winners had already

The 1st Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 1927 and 1928 and took place on May 16, 1929, at a private dinner held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles, California. AMPAS president Douglas Fairbanks hosted the show. Tickets cost $5 (which would be $69 in 2016 considering inflation), 270 people attended. There were twelve award categories and the event and the presentation ceremony lasted fifteen minutes. Awards were created by Louis B. Mayer, founder of Louis B. Mayer Pictures Corporation (at present merged into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer). It is the only Academy Awards ceremony not to be broadcast either on radio or television.

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred


Germans crush Jewish uprising

All resistance in the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw has ended after 28 days of fighting.

SS soldier inspects Jewish workers - April 1943

The German SS and Wehrmacht has ended all resistance in the ghetto

In his operational report, the local SS commander, Brigadier Juergen Stroop, said the uprising began on 19 April when SS, police and Wehrmacht units using tanks and other armoured vehicles entered the ghetto to take Jews to the railway station for transportation to concentration camps.

They were repelled by Jews using homemade explosives, rifles, small arms and “in one case a light machine-gun”.

He said his troops were involved in pitched battles day and night with groups of about 20 or 30 Jews – both men and women.

“On April 23 Himmler issued his order to complete the combing out of the Warsaw ghetto with the greatest severity and relentless tenacity. I therefore decided to destroy the entire Jewish residential area by setting every block on fire.”

The last battle ended with the destruction of the Great Synagogue today.

They used to board up the windows [of the trams] so you couldn’t see how the Jews were being treated.
People’s War memories »

Jewish leaders had sent their own reports of the situation during the fighting.On 28 April the Central Committee of Jewish Labour and the Jewish National Committee in Poland sent a desperate message to the National Council of Poland in London.

It said the SS and German Army have laid siege to the ghetto, attacking the 40,000 remaining Jews with artillery, flame-throwers, high explosive and incendiary bombs.

They have also planted mines in buildings known to harbouring Jewish fighters, while German guards block large drain pipes that have served as escape routes.

“The ghetto is burning,” read the message, “and smoke covers the whole city of Warsaw.

“Men, women and children who are not burnt alive are murdered en masse.” It said the Jews managed to kill or wound about 1,000 of the enemy and burned down factories and warehouses.

There was an appeal for an immediate response from the Allies. “It is imperative that the powerful retaliation of the United Nations shall fall upon the bloodthirsty enemy immediately and not in some distant future, in a way which will make it quite clear what the retaliation is for.”

A second message sent on 11 May said the resistance was nearly over.

In Context
The Nazis created the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw in 1940 and about 500,000 people were crammed into an area not bigger than one square mile (2·6 sq km).Its inhabitants were systematically transported to Treblinka and those who fought in the legendary Jewish uprising would rather have died with dignity than be taken to the death camps.

About 50 of the 1,000 fighters escaped through the sewers and some fought in the second Warsaw uprising by the Polish Home Army in August 1944.

About 40,000 Jews were massacred in reprisal for the uprising. When Soviet troops liberated Warsaw on 17 January 1945 only about 200 Jews remained and the old city had been virtually destroyed.

Stroop’s copy of the operational report entitled “The Jewish quarter in Warsaw no longer exists” came to light during the Nuremberg war crimes trial in 1945.

Stroop himself was sentenced to death by a US military tribunal and sent to Poland to be executed in 1951.


Images from Today’s History:


Associated Press

History Channel



This Day in History

History Channel


First Academy Awards ceremony

On this day in 1929, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences hands out its first awards, at a dinner party for around 250 people held in the Blossom Room of the Roosevelt Hotel in Hollywood, California.

The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) held the first ceremony at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with 270 people attending. There were twelve award categories and the winners had already

The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) held the first ceremony at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with 270 people attending.

The brainchild of Louis B. Mayer, head of the powerful MGM film studio, the Academy was organized in May 1927 as a non-profit organization dedicated to the advancement and improvement of the film industry. Its first president and the host of the May 1929 ceremony was the actor Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. Unlike today, the winners of the first Oscars–as the coveted gold-plated statuettes later became known–were announced before the awards ceremony itself.

At the time of the first Oscar ceremony, sound had just been introduced into film. The Warner Bros. movie The Jazz Singer–one of the first “talkies”–was not allowed to compete for Best Picture because the Academy decided it was unfair to let movies with sound compete with silent films. The first official Best Picture winner (and the only silent film to win Best Picture) was Wings, directed by William Wellman. The most expensive movie of its time, with a budget of $2 million, the movie told the story of two World War I pilots who fall for the same woman. Another film, F.W. Murnau’s epic Sunrise, was considered a dual winner for the best film of the year. German actor Emil Jannings won the Best Actor honor for his roles in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh, while 22-year-old Janet Gaynor was the only female winner. After receiving three out of the five Best Actress nods, she won for all three roles, in Seventh HeavenStreet Angel andSunrise.

A special honorary award was presented to Charlie Chaplin. Originally a nominee for Best Actor, Best Writer and Best Comedy Director for The Circus, Chaplin was removed from these categories so he could receive the special award, a change that some attributed to his unpopularity in Hollywood. It was the last Oscar the Hollywood maverick would receive until another honorary award in 1971.

The Academy officially began using the nickname Oscar for its awards in 1939; a popular but unconfirmed story about the source of the name holds that Academy executive director Margaret Herrick remarked that the statuette looked like her Uncle Oscar. Since 1942, the results of the secret ballot voting have been announced during the live-broadcast Academy Awardsceremony using the sealed-envelope system. The suspense–not to mention the red-carpet arrival of nominees and other stars wearing their most beautiful or outrageous evening wear–continues to draw international attention to the film industry’s biggest night of the year.



Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:



Mayo 16 se celebra…
  • En República Dominicana es día de votación, por ser tres meses antes del 16 de agosto, fiesta de la Restauración de la República, día de inicio de mandato de las autoridades elegidas.
Mayo 16 en la Historia del Mundo …
2009 La Alianza Progresista Unida consigue la victoria en las elecciones generales celebradas en India, renovando así Manmohan Singh su mandato.
2008 Elecciones presidenciales en República Dominicana.
2008 V Cumbre América Latina y el Caribe – Unión Europea en el Perú.
1997 El presidente de Zaire, Mobutu Sese Seko, deja el poder tras más de 30 años de dictadura. Laurent-Désiré Kabila proclama la República Democrática del Congo.
1989 China y la URSS restablecen relaciones diplomáticas.
1988 Un infome de C. Everett Koop establece que las propiedades adictivas de la nicotina son similares a las de la heroína y la cocaína.
1975 Junko Tabei se convierte en la primera mujer en alcanzar la cima del Everest.
1975 La India se anexiona el Sikkim.
1974 La India anuncia que se halla en disposición de armamento atómico.
1969 Programa Venera: Venera 5, un vehículo de pruebas soviético, aterriza en Venus.
1956 Primer acuerdo, y creación, del Club de París. Renegociación de la deuda de Argentina.
1948 Chaim Weizmann elegido como el primer presidente de Israel.
1933 Franklin Roosevelt, presidente de los EE.UU. propone un pacto universal de no agresión.
1929 En Hollywood, California se entregan los primeros Premios de la Academia de Cine.
1920 En Roma, el Papa Benedicto XV canoniza a Juana de Arco como santa.
1903 George Wyman inicia el primer viaje en motocicleta de extremo a extremo de los Estados Unidos.
1866 Aparece en los Estados Unidos la moneda de 5 centavos.
1860 En una tercera ronda de votaciones en la Convención Nacional del Partido Republicano; Abraham Lincoln le gana a sus rivales internos y se convierte en el Candidato Presidencial oficial de ese partido para las elecciones de ese año.
1850 Botadura del “Napoleón”, primer buque de guerra de vapor.
1829 Se estrena la ópera Zaira, de Bellini, en el Teatro Ducale de Parma.
1825 Simón Bolívar crea la República de Bolivia.
1770 María Antonieta de 14 años, se casa con Luis Augusto, de 15 años (quien será Rey de Francia).
1703 Se inicia la construcción de San Petersburgo.
1605 Camilo Borghese es nombrado Papa Pablo V.
1321 España: Jaime II de Aragón e Ismail II de Granada firman un tratado de paz y amistad por cinco años que será después renovado.
Nacimientos Notables en Mayo 16 …
1978 Lionel Scaloni, futbolista argentino.
1977 Dolcenera, cantante italiana.
1975 Tony Kakko, músico finés (Sonata Arctica).
1974 Laura Pausini, cantante italiana.
1974 Sonny Sandoval, cantante estadounidense (Payable On Death).
1973 Special Ed, rapero estadounidense.
1973 Tori Spelling, actriz estadounidense.
1972 Khary Payton, actor estadounidense.
1971 David Boreanaz, actor estadounidense.
1970 Gabriela Sabatini, tenista argentina.
1969 Steve Lewis, atleta estadounidense.
1969 Tracey Gold, actriz estadounidense.
1966 Janet Jackson, cantante estadounidense.
1966 Krist Novoselic, músico estadounidense (Nirvana).
1964 Boyd Tinsley, violinista estadounidense (Dave Matthews Band).
1963 Mercedes Echerer, actriz y política austríaca.
1961 Solveig Dommartin, actriz franco-alemana.
1955 Ana Laguna, bailarina española.
1955 Debra Winger, actriz estadounidense.
1955 Olga Korbut, gimnasta bielorrusa.
1953 Pierce Brosnan, actor estadounidense.
1951 Christian Lacroix, diseñador de alta costura francés.
1950 J. Georg Bednorz, físico, premio Nobel de Física en 1987.
1946 Robert Fripp, músico británico (King Crimson).
1945 Nicky Chinn, músico inglés (Sweet).
1944 Danny Trejo, actor estadounidense de origen mexicano.
1940 Conrado Asencio, político dominicano.
1936 Francisco Sánchez Martínez, astrofísico español.
1931 Theo Altmeyer, tenor alemán.
1931 Ubaldo Nieto de Alba, economista español.
1930 Betty Carter, cantante de jazz estadounidense.
1930 Friedrich Gulda, pianista y compositor austriaco.
1929 Adrienne Rich, poeta y feminista estadounidense.
1928 Alfred Manuel “Billy” Martin, beisbolista estadounidense.
1927 Nílton Santos, futbolista brasileño.
1925 Bobbejaan Schoepen, músico belga.
1923 Merton Miller, economista estadounidense, premio Nobel en 1990.
1920 Martine Carol, actriz francés.
1919 Liberace, pianista estadounidense.
1919 Ramón Margalef, ecólogo español.
1917 Juan Rulfo, escritor mexicano.
1916 Adriana Caselotti, actriz estadounidense.
1914 Edward T. Hall, antropólogo estadounidense.
1906 Arturo Úslar Pietri, escritor venezolano.
1905 Henry Fonda, actor estadounidense.
1898 Kenji Mizoguchi, director de cine japonés.
1898 Tamara de Lempicka, pintora polaca.
1891 Richard Tauber, tenor austriaco.
1882 Anne McCormick, periodista ganadora del Premio Pulitzer.
1860 H. H. Holmes, asesino en serie estadounidense.
1845 Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, microbiólogo ruso, premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina en 1908.
1831 David Hughes, físico e inventor estadounidense.
1824 Juan Cordero, pintor mexicano.
1821 Pafnuty Chebyshev, matemático ruso.
1814 Julián Sanz Río, filósofo español.
1800 Juan Barbetti, arquitecto italiano.
1788 Friedrich Rückert, escritor y poeta alemán.
1718 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, matemática italiana.
1708 Torcuato Ruiz del Peral, pintor, escultor e imaginero español.
1611 Inocencio XI.
1540 Pascual Bailón, lego franciscano español que llegó a santo.
1490 Alberto de Prusia, primer duque de Prusia.
Fallecimientos Notables en Mayo 16 …
2009 Alejandro Rubio Dalmati, escultor y pintor chileno (n. 1913).
2006 Jorge Porcel, actor y humorista argentino.
1998 Mayrata O’Wisiedo, actriz española.
1995 Lola Flores, cantaora y bailaora española.
1992 Chalino Sanchez, corridista mexicano.
1990 Fernando Claudín, teórico marxista español.
1990 Jim Henson, productor y director de cine estadounidense, creador de los Muppets.
1990 Sammy Davis Jr., cantante y actor estadounidense.
1984 Andy Kaufman, cómico estadounidense.
1983 Miguel Alemán, presidente de México (1946-1952).
1979 A. Philip Randolph, activista estadounidense.
1978 William Steinberg, director de orquesta alemán.
1965 Ramón de la Cadena y Brualla, escritor y periodista español.
1957 Eliot Ness, agente estadounidense.
1954 Clemens Krauss, director de orquesta austriaco.
1953 Django Reinhardt, músico de jazz.
1947 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, bioquímico británico, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1929.
1931 Emiliano Figueroa Larraín, político chileno.
1920 José Gómez Ortega, Joselito, torero español.
1908 Mariano Casanova, arzobispo católico chileno.
1904 Esteban Julio Marey, inventor francés.
1894 Germán Hernández Amores, pintor español.
1843 Pedro-Ignacio Jordán de Urriés y Palafox, IV Marqués de Ayerbe.
1830 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, matemático francés.
1727 Catalina I, zarina de Rusia.
1703 Charles Perrault, escritor francés.
1696 Mariana de Austria, reina consorte de España (1649-1665) y regente de España (1665-1675) debido a la corta edad de su hijo, el futuro rey Carlos II de España.
1669 Pietro da Cortona, arquitecto y pintor barroco italiano.
1567 Juan Bautista de Toledo, arquitecto español.
1160 San Ubaldo, religioso italiano.


History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1929 First Academy Awards ceremony
  • American Revolution

  • 1777 Georgia Patriot Button Gwinnett receives fatal wound in duel
  • Automotive

  • 1956 GM dedicates new technical center
  • Civil War

  • 1863 Union wins the Battle of Champion Hill
  • Cold War

  • 1960 U.S.-Soviet summit meeting collapses
  • Crime

  • 1975 A nurse steals another woman’s unborn baby
  • Disaster

  • 1849 New York City establishes hospital for cholera victims
  • General Interest

  • 1770 Louis marries Marie Antoinette
  • 1943 Warsaw Ghetto uprising ends
  • 1968 Protests mount in France
  • 1975 Japanese woman scales Everest
  • Hollywood

  • 1929 First Academy Awards ceremony
  • 2014 Pioneering TV journalist Barbara Walters signs off
  • Literary

  • 1717 Voltaire is imprisoned in the Bastille
  • Music

  • 1964 Mary Wells gives Motown Records its first #1 hit with “My Guy”
  • Old West

  • 1881 Outlaw Dick Fellows is released
  • Presidential

  • 1868 Senate acquits Johnson of high crimes and misdemeanors
  • Sports

  • 1980 Magic plays center as a rookie, wins championship
  • Vietnam War

  • 1965 Accident at Bien Hoa kills 27 U.S. servicemen
  • 1968 Navy Corpsman receives Medal of Honor for action
  • 1972 U.S. bombing destroys main fuel line
  • World War I

  • 1918 U.S. Congress passes Sedition Act
  • World War II

  • 1943 As Brits launch Operation Chastise, Germans launch Operation Gypsy Baron


 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia

Source: Associated Press | | |  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | | WIKI | YouTube | Google 


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