Mayo 15 en la Historia | bambinoides.com
Domingo 14 Mayo, 2017 19:45

Mayo 15 en la Historia

Britain drops its first H-bomb; Alabama Gov. George Wallace shot on presidential campaign trail; The Supreme Court ruled that Standard Oil was a monopoly and ordered its breakup; Newly-founded Israel attacked by Arab neighbors; Author L. Frank Baum born; Madeleine Albright is born; Country singer June Carter Cash dies.

Hoy en la Historia,

Mayo 15 en la Historia,

Today in History May 15,

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred

1957:

Britain drops its first H-bomb

Christmas Island, a tiny speck in the South Pacific

The device was tested at high altitude over Christmas Island

Britain has exploded its first hydrogen bomb as part of a series of tests in the Pacific, the Ministry of Supply has announced.

Details of the bomb, described only as a “nuclear device”, are sketchy. The term “device” indicates that it was an experimental explosive rather than a fully developed weapon.

It was almost certainly part of the thermo-nuclear weapons programme which was started in December 1954 to develop the megaton hydrogen bomb, which is as powerful as one million tons of TNT.

The test was carried out at high altitude over the largely uninhabited Christmas Island to minimise nuclear fall-out.

This is the most important range of tests carried out by Britain, developed with limited resources and in a remarkably short space of time.

Scientists have taken two years to develop the tests compared with their American counterparts who took seven years before exploding their first device.

The bomb was dropped by a four-engined jet, Valiant of No 49 Squadron RAF Bomber Command, normally based at RAF Wittering, Northants.

The Minister of Supply, Aubrey Jones, was informed of the Pacific nuclear trials by Air Vice-Marshal WE Oulton, commander of the task force and WRJ Cook, scientific director of the program.

Scientists are evaluating the results of the testing and will make a further statement in the next few days.

In Context

The tests raised a major debate about the dangers of nuclear weapons and led to the founding in 1958 of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament which pressed for British, and ultimately international, abandonment of nuclear weapons.The Cold War and the arms race between the superpowers reached a peak by the 1960s.

Then relations thawed and in 1963 the Soviet Union, the UK, the USA and many other countries agreed a Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

George Corley Wallace, Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987. Wallace has the third longest gubernatorial tenure in post-Constitutional U.S. history, at 16 years and four days.[1] He was a U.S. Presidential candidate for four consecutive elections, in which he sought the Democratic Party nomination in 1964, 1972, and 1976, and was the American Independent Party candidate in the 1968 presidential election. He remains the last third party candidate to receive a state's electoral college votes. Wallace is remembered for his Southern populist[2] and segregationist attitudes during the mid-20th century period of the Civil Rights Movement, declaring in his 1963 Inaugural Address that he stood for "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever", and standing in front of the entrance of the University of Alabama in an attempt to stop the enrollment of black students. He eventually renounced segregationism but remained a populist.[3][4] A 1972 assassination attempt left Wallace paralyzed, and he used a wheelchair for the remainder of his life.

Alabama Gov. George Wallace shot on presidential campaign trail

George Corley Wallace, Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987.

Wallace has the third longest gubernatorial tenure in post-Constitutional U.S. history, at 16 years and four days. He was a U.S. Presidential candidate for four consecutive elections, in which he sought the Democratic Party nomination in 1964, 1972, and 1976, and was the American Independent Party candidate in the 1968 presidential election. He remains the last third party candidate to receive a state’s electoral college votes.

Wallace is remembered for his Southern populist and segregationist attitudes during the mid-20th century period of the Civil Rights Movement, declaring in his 1963 Inaugural Address that he stood for “segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever”, and standing in front of the entrance of the University of Alabama in an attempt to stop the enrollment of black students. He eventually renounced segregationism but remained a populist. A 1972 assassination attempt left Wallace paralyzed, and he used a wheelchair for the remainder of his life.

george-c-wallace_2
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This Day in History

History Channel

1937

Madeleine Albright is born

Madeleine Albright_1On this day in 1937, Madeleine Albright, America’s first female secretary of state, is born Maria Jana Korbelova in Prague, Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic).

The daughter of Czech diplomat Josef Korbel, Albright fled to England with her family after the Nazis occupied Czechoslovakia in 1939. Though Albright long believed they had fled for political reasons, she learned as an adult that her family was Jewish and that three of her grandparents had died in Nazi concentration camps. The family returned home after World War II ended but immigrated to the United States in 1948 after a Soviet-sponsored Communist coup seized power in Prague. Josef Korbel became dean of the school of international relations at the University of Denver (where he would later train another female secretary of state, Condoleeza Rice).

After graduating from Wellesley College in 1959, Albright married Joseph Medill Patterson Albright of the prominent Medill newspaper-publishing family. With an MA and PhD from Columbia University under her belt, Albright headed toWashington, D.C., where she worked for Maine’s Senator Edmund S. Muskie and served on the National Security Council in the administration of President Jimmy Carter. She and Joseph Albright divorced in 1982. During the Republican presidencies of Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush, Albright worked for several nonprofit organizations and taught at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.

Madeleine Albright TeacherWith a Democrat–Bill Clinton–in the White House again in 1992, Albright found herself at the center of Washington’s most powerful circle. In 1993, Clinton appointed her ambassador to the United Nations. In that post, Albright earned a reputation as a straight-talking defender of American interests and an advocate for an increased role for the U.S. in U.N. operations. In late 1996, Clinton nominated Albright to succeed Warren Christopher as U.S. secretary of state. After her nomination was unanimously confirmed by the Senate, she was sworn in on January 23, 1997.

As secretary of state, Albright pursued an active foreign policy, including the use of military force to pressure autocratic regimes in Yugoslavia and Iraq, among other troubled regions. Her trip to North Korea in October 2000 to meet with leader Kim Jong Il made her the highest-ranking U.S. official to visit that country. She drew some criticism for her tough position on U.S. sanctions against Iraq, which led to many civilian deaths in that country and fueled the rage of Muslim extremists such as Osama bin Laden.

Albright’s term ended with the election of President George W. Bush in 2000. Though there was talk of her entering Czech politics, she returned to her teaching post at Georgetown and became chair of a nonprofit organization, the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Mayo 15 se celebra…
  • Colombia y México – Día del maestro
  • Día Internacional de la Familia.
Mayo 15 en la Historia del Mundo …
2002 El Real Madrid gana por novena vez la Copa de Europa de fútbol
1993 Se celebra en Millstreet, Irlanda, la XXXVIII Edición de Eurovisión. El tema del país anfitrión, “In Your Eyes” de la solista Niamh Kavanagh, es el vencedor.
1970 Los Beatles lanzan Let It Be, su último LP como grupo.
1935 Se inagura la primera línea del metro de Moscú.
1926 Perú: Inaguracion del Colegio La Salle en Lima
1896 Primera proyección cinematográfica en España.
1867 Caída del Sitio de Queretaro y fin del Segundo Imperio Mexicano
1836 España: Francisco Javier Istúriz es nombrado presidente del gobierno.
1811 Independencia de Paraguay.
1303 Fundación de la ciudad española de Chiclana de la Frontera por parte de don Alonso Pérez de Guzmán.
Nacimientos Notables en Mayo 15 …
1987 Andrew Murray, tenista británico.
1986 Elio de Angelis, piloto italiano de Fórmula 1.
1986 Matías Fernández, futbolista chileno.
1984 Sérgio Jimenez, piloto de automovilismo brasileño.
1982 Jessica Sutta, cantante estadounidense (The Pussycat Dolls)
1982 Segundo Castillo, fubolista ecuatoriano.
1982 Veronica Campbell, atleta jamaicana.
1981 Patrice Evra, futbolista francés-senegalés.
1979 Adolfo Bautista, fubolista mexicano.
1978 Edu, fubolista brasileño.
1974 Ahmet Zappa, músico estadounidense.
1974 Mark Hoppus, bajista de Blink-182, actual miembro de la banda +44.
1972 Isidre Esteve, motorista de rallyes español.
1971 Phil Pfister, strongman estadounidense.
1970 Frank de Boer, futbolista holandés.
1970 Ronald de Boer, futbolista holandés.
1969 Emmitt Smith, ex jugador de futbol americano.
1967 Edward Hopper, pintor estadounidense.
1966 Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, militar salvadoreño.
1965 Raí, fubolista brasileño.
1961 Katrin Cartlidge, actriz británica.
1960 Lucrezia Bori, soprano española.
1959 Andrew Eldritch, músico inglés (The Sisters of Mercy).
1959 Luis Pérez Sala, piloto de F1 español .
1956 Austin Osman Spare, pintor, escritor y ocultista británico.
1955 El Gran Wyoming, humorista español.
1954 Marmaduque Grove, militar, político y revolucionario chileno.
1953 Mike Oldfield, músico británico.
1952 Federico Amat, pintor español.
1951 Frank Wilczek, físico estadounidense, Premio Nobel en 2004.
1950 Ana Rossetti, escritora española.
1948 Brian Eno, músico británico.
1945 Antonio Caballero Holguín, escritor y caricaturista colombiano.
1945 Duarte II Pío de Braganza.
1944 Ulrich Beck, sociólogo alemán.
1940 Don Nelson, ex-jugador y entrenador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1938 Mireille Darc, actriz francesa.
1937 Madeleine Albright, Secretaria de Estado de EUA (1997-2001).
1936 Anna Maria Alberghetti, actriz italiana.
1936 Wavy Gravy, activista y payaso estadounidense.
1935 Kazimir Malevich, pintor ruso.
1931 Carmen Añón Feliú, arquitecta española.
1930 Jasper Johns, pintor estadounidense.
1929 Juanjo Menéndez, actor español.
1926 Anthony Shaffer, dramaturgo y guionista inglés.
1924 Paul d’Estournelles, diplomático francés, premio Nobel de la Paz en 1909.
1923 Richard Avedon, fotógrafo estadounidense.
1918 Joseph Wiseman, actor canadiense.
1915 Paul Samuelson, economista estadounidense.
1914 Tenzing Norgay, explorador nepalí.
1911 Max Frisch, escritor suizo.
1910 Constance Cummings, actriz británica.
1909 James Mason, actor británico.
1905 Joseph Cotten, actor estadounidense
1903 María Reiche, matemática y arqueóloga alemana.
1891 Mijaíl Bulgakov, novelista y dramaturgo ruso.
1890 Katherine Anne Porter, escritora estadounidense.
1886 Emily Dickinson, poeta estadounidense.
1869 Miguel Báez Quintero “Litri”, torero español.
1862 Arthur Schnitzler, médico y escritor austriaco.
1859 Pierre Curie, físico francés, premio Nobel de Física en 1903.
1856 Lyman Frank Baum, escritor estadounidense.
1841 Clarence Edward Dutton, militar y geólogo estadounidense.
1833 Ramón Blanco Erenas, marqués de Peña-Plata, capitán general de la Gran Antilla.
1773 Klemens von Metternich, diplomático y estadista alemán.
1576 Claudio Monteverdi, compositor italiano.
1482 Paolo Toscanelli, astrónomo, geógrafo y cartógrafo italiano.
1470 Carlos VIII, rey de Suecia (1448-1457, 1464-1465, 1467-1470).
1174 Nur al-Din, gobernante de Siria.
1130 San Isidro Labrador, santo español, patrono de Madrid.
0392 Valentiniano II, emperador romano de Occidente (375-392).
Fallecimientos Notables en Mayo 15 …
2009 Carlos Castilla del Pino, psiquiatra, escritor y académico español (n. 1922).
2009 Wayman Tisdale, baloncestista y bajista estadounidense (n. 1964).
2008 Willis Eugene Lamb, físico estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Física en 1955 (n. 1913).
2003 June Carter Cash, cantante y actriz estadounidense.
2003 Silvia Piñeiro, actriz chilena.
1997 Gastón Baquero, poeta y ensayista cubano.
1994 Gilbert Roland, actor mexicano.
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1937 Madeleine Albright is born
  • American Revolution

  • 1781 Continentals capture Fort Granby, South Carolina
  • Automotive

  • 1942 Seventeen states put gasoline rationing into effect
  • Civil War

  • 1864 VMI cadets fight in Battle of New Market
  • Cold War

  • 1988 Soviets begin withdrawal from Afghanistan
  • Crime

  • 1976 A young woman and her married lover kill her family
  • Disaster

  • 1896 Tornado decimates Texas town
  • General Interest

  • 1756 The Seven Years War begins
  • 1941 First Allied jet flies
  • 1963 The flight of Faith 7
  • 1972 Governor George Wallace shot
  • Hollywood

  • 2008 Celebrity private detective Anthony Pellicano found guilty
  • Literary

  • 1890 Katherine Anne Porter is born
  • Music

  • 1982 “Ebony And Ivory” begins a seven-week run at #1 on the pop charts
  • Old West

  • 1856 Second vigilante committee organizes in San Francisco
  • Presidential

  • 1800 President John Adams orders federal government to Washington, D.C.
  • 1942 Ronald Reagan applies for transfer to Army Air Force
  • Sports

  • 1973 Nolan Ryan pitches first no-hitter
  • Vietnam War

  • 1967 U.S. positions south of the DMZ come under heavy fire
  • 1970 Air Force sergeant awarded Medal of Honor
  • World War I

  • 1916 Austrians launch massive offensive on Trentino Front
  • World War II

  • 1942 Legislation creating the Women’s Army Corps becomes law
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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