Mayo 13 en la Historia |
Viernes 12 Mayo, 2017 19:48

Mayo 13 en la Historia

Pope John Paul II shot; English colonists arrive at what becomes Jamestown; Winston Churchill gives his first speech as British prime minister; The U.S. declares war on Mexico; Singer Stevie Wonder born.

Hoy en la Historia,

Mayo 13 en la Historia,

Today in History May 13,

1133 –

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred


Thousands see Pope shot in Rome

The injured Pope helped by aides in St Peter's Square

The Pope collapsed into the arms of an aide after being shot four times in St Peter’s Square

The Pope has been shot four times as he blessed the crowds in St Peter’s Square in Rome.Surgeons have performed a five-hour operation and say they hope he will make a full recovery.

At about 1715 local time, the Pope was being driven in his Popemobile through a crowd of about 20,000 worshippers when he was hit by four bullets fired from a 9mm pistol some 15 feet away.

Two struck him in the stomach, one in his right arm and the fourth hit his little finger.

Police arrested a 23-year-old man who said he was a Turkish citizen and gave his name as Mehmet Ali Hagca.

He kept repeating: “I couldn’t care less about life.”

The Turkish press has reported Hagca was jailed for the killing of Turkish newspaper editor Abdi Ipecki in February 1979. But he escaped from prison and left behind a letter vowing to kill the pontiff just before the Pope visited Turkey in 1979.

Horrified witnesses

Many of those who witnessed the shooting in the crowded square burst into tears, or screamed and fell to their knees in disbelief.

The Pope collapsed and was driven at speed into the Vatican complex and from there by ambulance to hospital.

Vatican Radio has appealed to the world to pray for his survival.

The Queen and the Archbishop of Canterbury have expressed their shock and deep sympathy for the Pope and his followers.

Pope John Paul II, formerly Cardinal Karol Wojtyla of Poland, became Pope in 1978. He is the first non-Italian pope in 455 years.

He is also the most widely travelled pontiff in the Vatican’s history. Vatican officials have often said in private that they feared for his safety during his frequent contacts with enthusiastic crowds wherever he goes.

In Context
The Pope came out of hospital two weeks later but was re-admitted on 21 June with a lung infection.He did eventually make a full recovery and went on to visit 50 countries in the first decade of his pontificate.

Mehmet Ali Hagca was sentenced to life imprisonment in July 1981 for the shooting.

The Pope later publicly forgave Agca and even visited him in prison. In June 2000, with the agreement of the Pope himself, Agca was pardoned by the Italian president after serving 19 years.

On his return to Turkey he was re-arrested and forced to serve the rest of his sentence for the killing of a Turkish journalist in 1979. He was released in January 2006.

The Pope died at 2137 (1937 GMT) on Saturday 2 April 2005 after he failed to recover from a throat operation due to breathing problems.


Images from Today’s History:


Associated Press

History Channel



This Day in History

History Channel


President Polk declares war on Mexico

us-mexican-war-an-act-of-american-imperialism_3us-mexican-war-an-act-of-american-imperialismOn May 13, 1846, the U.S. Congress overwhelmingly votes in favor of President James K. Polk’s request to declare war on Mexico in a dispute over Texas.

mexicantreacheriesposterUnder the threat of war, the United States had refrained from annexing Texas after the latter won independence from Mexico in 1836. But in 1844, President John Tyler restarted negotiations with the Republic of Texas, culminating with a Treaty of Annexation. The treaty was defeated by a wide margin in the Senate because it would upset the slave state/free state balance between North and South and risked war with Mexico, which had broken off relations with the United States. But shortly before leaving office and with the support of President-elect Polk, Tyler managed to get the joint resolution passed on March 1, 1845.Texas was admitted to the union on December 29.While Mexico didn’t follow through with its threat to declare war, relations between the two nations remained tense over border disputes, and in July 1845, President Polk ordered troops into disputed lands that lay between the Neuces and Rio Grande rivers. In November, Polk sent the diplomat John Slidell to Mexico to seek boundary adjustments in return for the U.S. government’s settlement of the claims of U.S. citizens against Mexico and also to make an offer to purchase California and New Mexico. After the mission failed, the U.S. army under Gen. Zachary Taylor advanced to the mouth of the Rio Grande, the river that the state of Texas claimed as its southern boundary.

Mexico, claiming that the boundary was the Nueces River to the northeast of the Rio Grande, considered the advance of Taylor’s army an act of aggression and in April 1846 sent troops across the Rio Grande. Polk, in turn, declared the Mexican advance to be an invasion of U.S. soil, and on May 11, 1846, asked Congress to declare war on Mexico, which it did two days later.

After nearly two years of fighting, peace was established by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848. The Rio Grande was made the southern boundary of Texas, and California and New Mexico were ceded to the United States. In return, the United States paid Mexico the sum of $15 million and agreed to settle all claims of U.S. citizens against Mexico.



Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:



Mayo 13 se celebra…
  • Ecuador: Día de Independencia.
  • España: Valladolid, San Pedro Regalado, Patrón de la ciudad.
Mayo 13 en la Historia del Mundo …
2000 en la ciudad de Enschede (Países Bajos) una explosión en un depósito de fuegos artificiales deja 22 muertos y miles de familias sin vivienda. No pudieron llegar a determinarse las causas de la explosión.
1992 el gobierno español aprueba la Ley de Creación de la Universidad de La Rioja.
1981 en la Plaza de San Pedro (en Roma) Mehmet Ali Agca atenta contra el papa Juan Pablo II.
1958 en Caracas (Venezuela), un grupo de manifestantes antiestadounidenses atacan el coche del vicepresidente Richard Nixon.
1958 en EE. UU. se registra la marca Velcro
1942 en México los nazis hunden el petrolero Potrero del Llano que inicia los motivos para la incorporación de México en la Guerra Mundial
1917 en Fátima (Portugal) varios niños dicen que la Virgen María se les apareció.
1888 en Brasil se prohíbe la esclavitud.
1830 Ecuador se independiza de España.
1810 en Victoria (provincia de Entre Ríos, Argentina) se funda un oratorio dedicado a la Virgen de Aránzazu (de Guipúzcoa, País Vasco).
1647 en Chile se produce un fuerte sismo que asola toda la región central y hace desprenderse la corona de espinas del Cristo de Mayo.
1275 en España, las tropas del sultán marroquí Abu Yusuf Yaqub II desembarcan en Tarifa (Cádiz), dando así comienzo la denominada “Guerra del Estrecho”, librada contra el rey castellano Alfonso X.
Nacimientos Notables en Mayo 13 …
1985 Grégory Lemarchal, cantante francés.
1985 Yaya Touré, futbolista marfileño.
1982 Oguchi Onyewu, futbolista estadounidense.
1981 Sunny Leone, modelo canadiense.
1979 Carlos Felipe de Suecia, príncipe de Suecia.
1978 Lucas Martin Valdemarin, futbolista argentino
1978 Mike Bibby, jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1977 Neil Hopkins, actor estadounidense.
1977 Samantha Morton, actriz inglesa.
1976 Mark Delaney, futbolista galés.
1972 Pablo García Casado, poeta español.
1968 Alison Goldfrapp, músico inglés.
1968 Miguel Ángel Blanco Garrido, político español, secuestrado y asesinado por ETA.
1967 Chuck Schuldiner, músico estadounidense (Death).
1966 Nikos Aliagas, periodista francés de origen griego.
1964 Ronnie Coleman, fisicoculturista estadounidense.
1964 Stephen Colbert, actor estadounidense.
1962 Eduardo Palomo, actor mexicano.
1962 Kathleen Jamie, poeta escocés.
1961 Dennis Rodman, ex-jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1957 Koji Suzuki, escritor japonés.
1954 Johnny Logan, cantante y compositor australiano-irlandés.
1951 Paul Thompson, baterista inglés (Roxy Music).
1950 Stevie Wonder, músico estadounidense.
1949 Zoë Wanamaker, actriz inglesa – estadounidense.
1948 Marisa Abad, presentadora de televisión española.
1947 Raúl Sohr, sociólogo y periodista chileno.
1947 Stephen Reeder Donaldson, escritor estadounidense.
1946 Marv Wolfman, historietista estadounidense
1944 Armistead Maupin, autor estadounidense.
1943 Mary Wells, cantante estadounidense.
1941 Jody Conradt, entrenador estadounidense de basketball.
1941 Pedro Sabando, político español.
1941 Ritchie Valens, cantante estadounidense de origen mexicano.
1941 Senta Berger, actriz austriaca.
1940 Bruce Chatwin, novelista inglés.
1939 Harvey Keitel, actor estadounidense.
1938 Giuliano Amato, ex primer ministro de Italia.
1938 Laurent Beaudoin, empresario francés, fundador de Bombardier.
1938 Sergio Macías, poeta y escritor chileno.
1937 Roch Carrier, novelista canadiense.
1937 Roger Zelazny, escritor norteamericano.
1935 Luciano Benetton, empresario italiano.
1931 Jim Jones, religioso estadounidense, fundador del grupo Templo del Pueblo.
1930 José Jiménez Lozano, escritor y periodista español.
1928 Edouard Molinaró, cinesta francés.
1928 Enrique Bolaños, ex-presidente de Nicaragua.
1927 Herbert Ross, director de cine estadounidense.
1926 Wallace Breem, escritor inglés.
1923 Beatrice Arthur, actriz estadounidense.
1914 Joe Louis, boxeador estadounidense.
1913 Lambros Konstantaras, actor griego.
1907 Daphne du Maurier, escritora británica.
1899 Juan de Mata Carriazo y Arroquia, historiador español.
1894 Ásgeir Ásgeirsson, segundo presidente de Islandia.
1883 Georgios Papanicolaou, doctor griego, inventor de la prueba de Papanicolaou.
1882 Georges Braque, pintor y escultor francés.
1865 Friedrich Karl Johannes Thiele, químico alemán.
1857 Ronald Ross, médico y entomólogo británico, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1902.
1856 Peter Henry Emerson, fotógrafo y escritor británico.
1854 Pedro Bonifacio Palacios (también conocido como Almafuerte), escritor argentino.
1842 Arthur Seymour Sullivan, compositor británico.
1840 Alphonse Daudet, novelista francés.
1822 Francisco de Asís de Borbón, rey consorte de la reina Isabel II de España.
1792 Papa Pío IX.
1753 Lazare Carnot, matemático y político francés.
1750 Lorenzo Mascheroni, matemático italiano.
1717 María Teresa I de Austria, reina de Hungría y Bohemia.
1699 Marqués de Pombal, estadista portugués.
1655 Papa Inocencio XIII.
1588 Olaus Wormius, médico danés.
0947 Ce Ácatl Topiltzin Quetzalcóatl
Fallecimientos Notables en Mayo 13 …
2009 Achille Compagnoni, montañero italiano (n. 1914).
2009 Rafael Escalona, cantautor y compositor colombiano (n. 1927).
2008 Robert Rauschenberg, artista estadounidense (n. 1925).
2008 Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, primer ministro (1978-2003) y emir kuwaití (2006) (n. 1930).
2007 todos los componentes del Grupo Néctar (en un accidente automovilístico en Buenos Aires).
2001 Jason Miller, actor estadounidense.
2001 Salvador Garmendia, escritor venezolano.
1974 Jaime Torres Bodet, escritor, diplomático, ensayista y poeta mexicano.
1961 Gary Cooper; actor estadounidense.
1938 Charles Edouard Guillaume; físico suizo, premio Nobel de Física en 1920.
1930 Fridtjof Nansen; explorador y político noruego, premio Nobel de la Paz en 1922.
1916 Sholom Aleichem; escitor judío ruso.
1832 Jean-François de La Pérouse, marino y explorador francés.
1505 Felipe de Urriés y Murillo VII; señor de Ayerbe.


History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1846 President Polk declares war on Mexico
  • American Revolution

  • 1807 Connecticut Patriot Eliphalet Dyer dies
  • Automotive

  • 1980 Autoworkers union head joins Chrysler board
  • Civil War

  • 1863 Grant moves on Jackson, Mississippi
  • Cold War

  • 1958 Vice President Nixon is attacked
  • Crime

  • 1981 Pope John Paul II is shot
  • 1985 A raid is set for MOVE headquarters
  • Disaster

  • 1972 Fire breaks out at club in Japan
  • General Interest

  • 1568 Mary Queen of Scots defeated
  • 1607 Jamestown settlers arrive
  • 1981 Pope John Paul II shot
  • Hollywood

  • 1898 Edison sues over new motion-picture technology
  • Literary

  • 1907 Daphne Du Maurier, author of Rebecca, is born
  • Music

  • 1971 Stevie Wonder comes of age
  • Old West

  • 1975 The inventor of western swing dies
  • Presidential

  • 1958 Nixon attacked by angry Venezuelans
  • Sports

  • 1973 First Battle of the Sexes
  • Vietnam War

  • 1971 Paris peace talks at standstill
  • 1972 Heavy fighting continues at Quang Tri and Kontum
  • World War I

  • 1915 Edith Wharton writes of the war’s effect on France
  • World War II

  • 1940 Churchill announces: “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat.”


 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia

Source: Associated Press | | |  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | | WIKI | YouTube | Google 


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