Mayo 12 en la Historia | bambinoides.com
Jueves 11 Mayo, 2017 19:45

Mayo 12 en la Historia

The Soviet Union announces an end to its blockade of Berlin; Body of missing Lindbergh baby is found in a wooded area; 1971: Row rocks Rolling Stone wedding; First professional victory, in a U.S. Automobile Club midget car race; Burt Bacharach; Katherine Hepburn and George Carlin are born.

Hoy en la Historia,

Mayo 12 en la Historia,

Today in History May 12,

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred

1971: Row rocks Rolling Stone wedding

Mick and Bianca seated in a church pew

Mick and Bianca exchanged marriage vows in St Anne’s chapel, St Tropez

 

The Rolling Stones singer, Mick Jagger, has married his fiancée Bianca Pérez-Mora Macias at the town hall in the French Mediterranean town of St Tropez.

The civil ceremony was held up for almost an hour-and-a-half, after bitter arguments between Mr Jagger’s spokesman and the police over the number of reporters and photographers in the wedding chamber.

A pool of four photographers had been invited to the town hall, but as the time of the ceremony approached about 100 cameramen and other journalists packed the chamber.

At first, Mr Jagger refused to come to the town hall – the message which was delivered by his spokesman said he did not wish to get married in a “goldfish bowl”.

But the police insisted the media had the right to stay – and they, in turn, threatened to cancel the wedding unless the couple put in an appearance.

Mick Jagger and his Nicaraguan-born wife-to-be eventually arrived at 1700. Police and journalists exchanged blows in the frenzy.

Hippies turned up on foot and bicycles, mingling with members of the international jet set, who arrived in Rolls Royces for the wedding.

After the brief civil service, the couple left for the St Anne chapel for a religious ceremony.

Students gave the wedding party a noisy reception at the chapel. During the simple service, Father Lucien Baud recalled the groom had been born on St Anne’s day, which is why he had chosen to be married in her chapel.

Bach’s wedding march was played as the couple exchanged rings. A medley of themes from the film Love Story was also played at the request of the bride.

The couple left by a side door in an attempt to dodge the journalists who had followed them to the chapel.

The reception in the Café des Arts was attended by 200 guests – 70 of whom had been flown from London on a chartered Comet paid for by the groom.

The party went on into the early hours of the morning when the newly-weds left on the yacht Romeang, with a six-man crew for a 10-day honeymoon around Corsica and Sardinia.

In Context
Mick Jagger met Bianca Pérez-Mora Macias at a party after a Rolling Stones’ concert where she apparently impressed him with her French. She had left Nicaragua to study political science in Paris. <br>When they married, she was already pregnant with their daughter, Jade. Eight years later they divorced. The ageing rocker is now grandfather to Jade’s children, Assisi and Amba. <br>

He married the Texan model Jerry Hall in November 1990 in Bali after a 20-year courtship. They had four children – but after nine years of marriage, the relationship was annulled at the High Court in London on the grounds it was not valid under either English or Indonesian law. <br>

Since her marriage ended, Bianca has become a campaigner for human rights, as well as on environmental issues. She moved to London when George Bush was elected president of the United States and has become an outspoken critic of the war in Iraq.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

Berlin_2

 

1949

Berlin blockade lifted

On May 12, 1949, an early crisis of the Cold War comes to an end when the Soviet Union lifts its 11-month blockade against West Berlin. The blockade had been broken by a massive U.S.-British airlift of vital supplies to West Berlin’s two million citizens.

At the end of World War II, Germany was divided into four sectors administered by the four major Allied powers: the USSR, the United States, Britain, and France. Berlin, the German capital, was likewise divided into four sectors, even though it was located deep within the Soviet sector of eastern Germany. The future of Germany and Berlin was a major sticking point in postwar treaty talks, especially after the United States, Britain, and France sought to unite their occupation zones into a single economic zone. In March 1948, the Soviet Union quit the Allied Control Council governing occupied Germany over this issue. In May, the three Western powers agreed to the imminent formation of West Germany, a nation that would exist entirely independent of Soviet-occupied eastern Germany. The three western sectors of Berlin were united as West Berlin, which was to be under the administration of West Germany.

berlin

On June 20, as a major step toward the establishment of a West German government, the Western powers introduced a new Deutsche mark currency in West Germany and West Berlin. The Soviets condemned this move as an attack on the East German currency and on June 24 began a blockade of all rail, road, and water communications between Berlin and the West. The four-power administration of Berlin had ceased with the unification of West Berlin, the Soviets said, and the Western powers no longer had a right to be there. With West Berlin’s food, fuel, and other necessities cut off, the Soviets reasoned, it would soon have to submit to Communist control.

Britain and the United States responded by initiating the largest airlift in history, flying 278,288 relief missions to the city during the next 14 months, resulting in the delivery of 2,326,406 tons of supplies. As the Soviets had cut off power to West Berlin, coal accounted for over two-thirds of the material delivered. In the opposite direction, return flights transported West Berlin’s industrial exports to the West. Flights were made around the clock, and at the height of the Berlin airlift, in April 1949, planes were landing in the city every minute. Tensions were high during the airlift, and three groups of U.S. strategic bombers were sent as reinforcements to Britain while the Soviet army presence in eastern Germany increased dramatically. The Soviets made no major effort to disrupt the airlift. As a countermeasure against the Soviet blockade, the Western powers also launched a trade embargo against eastern Germany and other Soviet bloc countries.

On May 12, 1949, the Soviets abandoned the blockade, and the first British and American convoys drove though 110 miles of Soviet Germany to reach West Berlin. On May 23, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) was formally established. On October 7, the German Democratic Republic, a Communist state, was proclaimed in East Germany. The Berlin airlift continued until September 30, in an effort to build up a year’s supply of essential goods for West Berlin in the event of another Soviet blockade. Another blockade did not occur, but Cold War tensions over Berlin remained high, culminating in the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961.

With the gradual waning of Soviet power in the late 1980s, the Communist Party in East Germany began to lose its grip on power. Tens of thousands of East Germans began to flee the nation, and by late 1989 the Berlin Wall started to come down. Shortly thereafter, talks between East and West German officials, joined by officials from the United States, Great Britain, France, and the USSR, began to explore the possibility of reunification, which was achieved on October 3, 1990. Two months following reunification, all-German elections took place and Helmut Kohl became the first chancellor of the reunified Germany. Although this action came more than a year before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, for many observers the reunification of Germany effectively marked the end of the Cold War.

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This Day in History

History Channel

1957

Race car driver A.J. Foyt gets first pro victory

On this day in 1957, race car driver A.J. Foyt (1935- ) scores his first professional victory, in a U.S. Automobile Club (USAC) midget car race in Kansas City, Missouri.

A tough-as-nails Texan, Anthony Joseph Foyt, Jr. raced midget cars–smaller vehicles designed to be driven in races of shorter distances–and stock cars before moving up to bigger things in 1958, when he entered his first Indianapolis 500 race. Foyt won his first Indy 500 crown in 1961, when rival Eddie Sachs was forced to make a tire change in the final laps, giving Foyt the chance to overtake him and win with a then-record average speed of 139.13 mph.

The 1964 season saw Foyt earn a record-setting winning percentage of .769 with 10 wins in 13 races. His most important win that year came in the Indy 500, which he finished with an average speed of 147.45 mph. After a near-fatal crash in a stock car race in 1965–in which he broke his back, fractured his ankle and suffered severe chest injuries–Foyt came back to continue his string of impressive achievements. In 1967, he won his third Indy 500 in a car he had designed himself, with his father Tony as chief mechanic. Two weeks later, he traveled to France and won the 24 Hours of LeMans international competition with teammate Don Gurney. With a win at the Daytona 500 in 1972, Foyt became the first driver to win all three major races in motor sports: the Indy 500, the Daytona 500 and the 24 Hours of LeMans.

In addition to the records for most total victories (67), most national championships (7) and most victories in one season (10), Foyt also has the most consecutive Indy 500 starts: He competed in the race for 35 straight years. His fourth win came in 1977, when the 42-year-old Foyt screamed around the track at an average speed of 161.331 mph. Only two other men have equaled his record of four Indy 500 wins.

In 1989, Foyt became the first driver inducted into the brand-new Motor Sports Hall of Fame in Novi, Michigan. He practiced at the Indy 500 track in 1993, but retired on the first day of qualifying races. Apart from auto racing teams, Foyt’s later business interests have included car dealerships, funeral homes, oil investments and thoroughbred racehorses.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Mayo 12 se celebra…
  • Día de la enfermera: en Venezuela
  • Día Mundial de la Matemáticas
Mayo 12 en la Historia del Mundo …
2008 El ciclón Nargis, en siete días, deja 32.000 muertos y más de 30.000 personas desaparecidas, a su paso por las costas del sur de Myanmar (antes Birmania).
2008 El presidente de Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, firma la nacionalización de la empresa Sidor y crea la Corporación Siderúrgica Venezolana.
2008 Se produce un terremoto en la provincia china de Sichuan con más de 12.000 muertes confirmadas al día siguiente.
2002 Cuba: el expresidente de Estados Unidos Jimmy Carter llega a la isla de Cuba para una visita de cinco días con Fidel Castro, siendo el primer presidente estadounidense, dentro o fuera de su mandato, en hacerlo desde la revolución cubana (1959).
2001 Dinamarca: Se celebra la XLVI edición de Eurovisión en la ciudad de Copenhague. El dúo estonio compuesto por Tanel Padar y Dave Benton logran el primer puesto con el tema “Everybody”.
1995 Fernando Fernán-Gómez es galardonado con el premio Príncipe de Asturias de las Artes.
1982 Atentado fallido contra Juan Pablo II en el santuario de Fátima (Portugal).
1949 Alemania: la Unión Soviética levanta el Bloqueo de Berlín.
1948 La reina Guillermina de los Países Bajos abdica en su hija Juliana de los Países Bajos.
1943 Rendición de las fuerzas alemanas en África del Norte.
1940 Comienza la invasión alemana de Francia.
1937 Coronación de Jorge VI del Reino Unido.
1936 Las Cortes aprueban la elección de Manuel Azaña como presidente de la República española.
1936 Retirada de Italia de la Sociedad de Naciones.
1932 EE.UU.: hallan muerto al niño hijo del aviador Charles Lindbergh no lejos de la casa de sus padres.
1927 Augusto César Sandino comienza su lucha contra la intervención estadounidense en Nicaragua.
1926 El mariscal Jozef Pilsudski da un golpe de estado en Polonia.
1926 Umberto Nobile, Roald Amundsen y Ellsworth sobrevuelan el Polo Norte con el dirigible Norge.
1925 Paul von Hindenburg sucede a Friedrich Ebert en la Presidencia de la República Alemana.
1922 Las tropas españolas conquistan Tazarut en la Guerra de Marruecos.
1912 Se publica la primera fotografía en color que apareció en la prensa española en la revista Blanco y Negro.
1889 La flota norteamericana mandada por el almirante Sampson, bombardea San Juan de Puerto Rico.
1797 Italia: Napoleón Bonaparte conquista Venecia.
1551 Real Provisión de Carlos V que funda la Real y Pontificia Universidad de San Marcos de Lima, la primera universidad del Nuevo Mundo.
1513 Se coloca la primera piedra de la catedral nueva de Salamanca.
1328 El antipapa Nicolás V, es consagrado en Roma por el obispo de Venecia.
1280 España: Alfonso X, en coalición con el sultán mariní Abu Yusuf y los Banu Ashqilula con sus tropas combinadas, atacan Granada.
1191 Inglaterra: se casan Berenguela de Navarra y Ricardo el Valiente de Inglaterra.
Nacimientos Notables en Mayo 12 …
1992 Malcolm David Kelley, actor estadounidense.
1988 Marcelo Vieira, futbolista brasileño.
1975 Jonah Lomu, jugador de rugby neozelandés.
1970 Samantha Mathis, actriz estadounidense.
1968 Tony Hawk, patinador estadounidense.
1967 Paul D’Amour, bajista estadounidense (ex-integrante de Tool).
1966 Bebel Gilberto, cantante braileña.
1966 Deborah Kara Unger, actriz canadiense.
1966 Stephen Baldwin, actor estadounidense.
1963 Stefano Modena, piloto de Fórmula 1 italiano.
1963 Vanessa Williams, actriz estadounidense.
1962 Brett Gurewitz, guitarrista y compositor de Bad Religion dueño de la discográfica Epitaph.
1962 Einar Arnaldur Melax, músico y compositor islandés (The Elgar Sisters).
1962 Emilio Estévez, actor estadounidense.
1961 Billy Duffy, músico británico (The Cult).
1959 Ving Rhames, actor estadounidense.
1958 Eric Singer, músico estadounidense (Kiss, Alice Cooper).
1950 Bruce Boxleitner, actor estadounidense.
1950 Gabriel Byrne, actor irlandés.
1948 Guillermo Pérez Villalta, pintor español.
1948 Steve Winwood, músico inglés (Traffic).
1945 Alan Ball, futbolista inglés.
1945 Ian McLagan, tecladista británico (Small Faces).
1942 Michel Fugain, cantante francés.
1938 Millie Perkins, actriz estadounidense.
1937 George Carlin, comediante estadounidense.
1936 Frank Stella, pintor estadounidense.
1936 Guillermo Endara Galimany, político y abogado panameño.
1935 Felipe Alou, beisbolista dominicano.
1931 Julio Roberto Peña, director, productor y guionista de cine. Colombiano.
1930 Jesús Franco, director de cine español.
1929 Sam Nujoma, político namibio.
1928 Burt Bacharach, compositor estadounidense.
1927 Roderick Esquivel, médico y político panameño.
1926 Luis Molowny, futbolista y entrenador español.
1925 Eloy Rovira Montero, militar español, gran canciller de las órdenes de San Fernando y San Hermenegildo.
1925 Yogi Berra, beisbolista estadounidense.
1922 Marco Denevi, escritor argentino.
1921 Joseph Beuys, artista alemán.
1918 Julius Rosenberg, espía estadounidense.
1918 Mary Kay Ash fundadora de la empresa de cosméticos Mary Kay Cosmetics Inc.
1914 Bertus Aafjes, escritor holandés.
1910 Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, química británica, premio Nobel de Química en 1964.
1907 Katharine Hepburn, actriz estadounidense.
1903 Wilfrid Hyde-White, actor inglés.
1900 Helene Weigel, actriz alemana.
1899 Indra Devi, practicante de yoga letón.
1895 William Francis Giauque, químico estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Química en 1949.
1892 Fritz Kortner, director de cine alemán.
1889 Otto Frank, judío alemán, padre de Anne Frank.
1885 Mario Sironi, pintor italiano.
1882 Víctor Domingo Silva, destacado poeta chileno.
1845 Gabriel Fauré, compositor y organista francés.
1842 José Luis Pellicer, dibujante y pintor español.
1842 Jules Massenet, compositor francés de óperas.
1835 José María Cordovez Moure, escritor e historiador colombiano.
1828 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, poeta inglés.
1820 Florence Nightingale, enfermera británica.
1812 Edward Lear, pintor y humorista inglés.
1803 Justus von Liebig, químico alemán.
1776 José de La Mar, presidente del Perú.
1767 Manuel Godoy, el “Príncipe de la Paz”, político español.
1755 Giovanni Viotti, violinista y compositor italiano.
1638 Pedro Atanasio Bocanegra, pintor español.
Fallecimientos Notables en Mayo 12 …
2009 Antonio Vega, cantante y guitarrista español (n. 1957).
2009 Nemesio Fernández Cuesta, empresario y político español (n. 1928).
2008 Adolfo Ábalos, pianista y compositor argentino (n. 1914).
2008 Irena Sendler, activista polaca (n. 1910).
2007 José Barros, cantante colombiano.
2007 Malietoa Tanumafili II, jefe de Estado vitalicio de Samoa (1962 – 2007)
2006 Miguel Fisac, arquitecto español.
2001 Alexei Tupolev, diseñador de aviones ruso.
2001 Perry Como, cantante estadounidense.
2001 Valdir Pereira “Didí”, futbolista brasileño.
1998 Hermann Lenz, escritor alemán.
1997 Augusto Céspedes, escritor y político boliviano.
1995 Jorge Rojas Castro, poeta colombiano.
1995 Mia Martini, cantante italiana.
1995 Rodrigo Arenas Betancourt, escultor y escritor colombiano.
1994 Erik Erikson, psicoanalista estadounidense de origen alemán.
1994 John Smith, líder laborista británico.
1994 Rov Plunkett, químico estadounidense.
1992 Nikos Gatsos, poeta griego.
1985 Jean Dubuffet, pintor y escultor francés.
1967 John Masefield, poeta inglés.
1957 Alfonso de Portago, piloto de F1 español.
1957 Erich von Stroheim, actor y director alemán de cine.
1935 Jozef Pilsudski, estadista polaco.
1922 José López Pinillos, periodista, dramaturgo y escritor español.
1921 Emilia Pardo Bazán, escritora española.
1914 Eugenio Montero Ríos, político español.
1907 J.K. Huysmans, novelista francés.
1884 Bedrich Smetana, compositor checo.
1871 Anselme Payen, químico francés.
1871 Daniel-François Auber, músico y compositor francés.
1860 Charles Barry, arquitecto británico.
1700 John Dryden, poeta y dramaturgo inglés.
1521 Xicohténcatl Axayacatzin, héroe tlaxcalteca.
1109 Santo Domingo de la Calzada, religioso español.
1003 Silvestre II, Gerberto d’Aurillac, erudito y primer Papa francés.
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1957 Race car driver A.J. Foyt gets first pro victory
  • American Revolution

  • 1780 Americans suffer worst defeat of revolution at Charleston
  • Automotive

  • 2000 Fourth-generation NASCAR driver Adam Petty dies in crash
  • Civil War

  • 1864 North and South see bloody day at the Bloody Angle
  • Cold War

  • 1975 American ship Mayaguez seized
  • Crime

  • 1932 Body of Lindbergh baby found
  • Disaster

  • 1987 Forest fire sweeps across China
  • General Interest

  • 1937 George VI crowned at Westminster
  • 1949 Berlin blockade lifted
  • 1970 Blackmun confirmed to Supreme Court
  • Hollywood

  • 1907 Katharine Hepburn born
  • Literary

  • 1828 Poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti is born
  • Music

  • 1963 Bob Dylan walks out on The Ed Sullivan Show
  • Old West

  • 1832 Fur trader William Sublette heads west
  • Presidential

  • 1903 Teddy Roosevelt’s trip to San Francisco is captured on film
  • Sports

  • 1970 Ernie Banks hits 500th home run
  • Vietnam War

  • 1961 Lyndon B. Johnson visits South Vietnam
  • 1971 Heavy fighting erupts in A Shau Valley
  • World War I

  • 1918 Germany and Austria-Hungary sign pact to exploit Ukraine
  • World War II

  • 1941 Hitler backs Rashid Ali in his fight against Britain
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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