Mayo 08 en la Historia | bambinoides.com
Domingo 7 Mayo, 2017 19:45

Mayo 08 en la Historia

Allies celebrate the end of World War Two; Indians holding the hamlet of Wounded Knee surrender; Coca-Cola invented.

 

Hoy en la Historia,

Today in History May 08,

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred

1945:

Rejoicing at end of war in Europe

The Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, has officially announced the end of the war with Germany.

Crowds in front of double-decker bus

Cheering crowds in Piccadilly, London, celebrate VE Day

In a message broadcast to the nation from the Cabinet room at Number 10, he said the ceasefire had been signed at 0241 yesterday at the American advance headquarters in Rheims.

Huge crowds, many dressed in red, white and blue, gathered outside Buckingham Palace in London and were cheered as the King, Queen and two Princesses came out onto the balcony.

Earlier tens of thousands of people had listened intently as the King’s speech was relayed by loudspeaker to those who had gathered in Trafalgar Square and Parliament Square.

Winston Churchill made a broadcast to the nation, and in his wonderful and dramatic way told us that war was over
People’s War memories »

In it he paid tribute to the men and women who had laid down their lives for victory as well as to all those who had “fought valiantly” on land, sea and in the air.

The act of unconditional surrender is to be ratified in Berlin today – but in the interest of saving lives the ceasefire came into effect yesterday.

In his speech, Mr Churchill said: “We may allow ourselves a brief period of rejoicing; but let us not forget for a moment the toil and efforts that lie ahead. Japan with all her treachery and greed, remains unsubdued.

“We must now devote all our strength and resources to the completion of our task, both at home and abroad. Advance Britannia.”

Even after dark, floods of people continued to converge on some of London’s great monuments, floodlit specially for the occasion. There were fireworks, too, and effigies of Hitler burned on bonfires around the capital.

Later Mr Churchill was greeted by cheering crowds as he made his way to Whitehall and appeared on the flag-bedecked balcony of the Ministry of Health.

“God bless you all,” he said over the loudspeaker, which was greeted with further cheering and waving from the crowd and a round of “For he’s a jolly good fellow”.

In Context

The act of surrender was signed again in Berlin the following day before Marshal Georgi Zhukov, representing the Russian High Command.Also present at the signing were Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder, Deputy Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force, General Carl Spaatz of the United States Air Forces and General Jean-Marie de Lattre de Tassigny of the French First Army.

The Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin, refused to accept the surrender signed in Rheims – probably because he suspected the motives of the Western Allies and Germany. He insisted the treaty was ratified in Berlin the following day, so Moscow celebrated VE Day one day later than the rest of Europe, on 9 May.

A victory parade was held in London on 10 August 1945 when once again huge crowds of cheering, flag-waving crowds took to the streets.

Following the two atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the deaths of tens of thousands of people, Japan surrendered on 14 August 1945. Victory in Japan Day was celebrated on 15 August. It is also marked on 2 September, the day Japan signed an unconditional ceasefire.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

 
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This Day in History

History Channel

1945

V-E Day is celebrated in America and Britain

V-E_Day_1

V-E_Day_4

On this day in 1945, both Great Britain and the United States celebrate Victory in Europe Day. Cities in both nations, as well as formerly occupied cities in Western Europe, put out flags and banners, rejoicing in the defeat of the Nazi war machine.

The eighth of May spelled the day when German troops throughout Europe finally laid down their arms: In Prague, Germans surrendered to their Soviet antagonists, after the latter had lost more than 8,000 soldiers, and the Germans considerably more; in Copenhagen and Oslo; at Karlshorst, near Berlin; in northern Latvia; on the Channel Island of Sark–the German surrender was realized in a final cease-fire. More surrender documents were signed in Berlin and in eastern Germany. (Photo by Alfred Eisenstaedt/Pix Inc./Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images)

The main concern of many German soldiers was to elude the grasp of Soviet forces, to keep from being taken prisoner. About 1 million Germans attempted a mass exodus to the West when the fighting in Czechoslovakia ended, but were stopped by the Russians and taken captive. The Russians took approximately 2 million prisoners in the period just before and after the German surrender.

Meanwhile, more than 13,000 British POWs were released and sent back to Great Britain.

Pockets of German-Soviet confrontation would continue into the next day. On May 9, the Soviets would lose 600 more soldiers in Silesia before the Germans finally surrendered. Consequently, V-E Day was not celebrated until the ninth in Moscow, with a radio broadcast salute from Stalin himself: “The age-long struggle of the Slav nations…has ended in victory. Your courage has defeated the Nazis. The war is over.”

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Coca-Cola invented

An early Coca Cola advertisement.

Coca-Cola (often referred to simply as Coke) is a carbonated soft drink produced by The Coca-Cola Company. Originally intended as a patent medicine, it was invented in the late 19th century by John Pemberton and was bought out by businessman Asa Griggs Candler, whose marketing tactics led Coca-Cola to its dominance of the world soft-drink market throughout the 20th century. The drink’s name refers to two of its original ingredients, which were kola nuts (a source of caffeine) and coca leaves. The current formula of Coca-Cola remains a trade secret, although a variety of reported recipes and experimental recreations have been published.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Mayo 8 se celebra…
  • Dia Mundial de la Cruz Roja y de la Media Luna Roja.
Mayo 8 en la Historia del Mundo …
2007 Edge gana el World Heavyweight Championship al vencer a The Undertaker.
2005 La Familia Real anuncia el nacimiento del primer hijo de Felipe y Leticia (Leonor).
1996 La Asamblea Constituyente de Sudáfrica aprueba la nueva Constitución.
1987 Javier Pérez de Cuellar, secretario general de la ONU, recibe el Premio Príncipe de Asturias de Cooperación Iberoamericana.
1984 La URSS no participa en los Juegos Olímpicos de Los Angeles. Trece países siguen su ejemplo.
1983 Segundas elecciones municipales democráticas en España después del franquismo.
1981 Luis Buñuel, Cristóbal Halfter, Eduardo Chillida, Nicanor Zabaleta y Alfredo Kraus reciben la Medalla de Oro de Bellas Artes.
1972 El presidente de EE.UU. Richard Nixon ordena el bloqueo y minado de los puertos de Vietnam del Norte.
1970 Sale a la venta el álbum “Let it be”, de Los Beatles.
1967 La sonda espacial Lunar Orbiter 4 alcanza la órbita de la Luna.
1967 Muhammad Ali pierde su título de campeón mundial por negarse a prestar el servicio militar.
1945 La Alemania nazi firma la rendición incondicional, poniendo fin a la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
1943 Creación de la FAO (Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación).
1942 Fin de la Batalla del Mar del Coral entre navíos japoneses y estadounidenses.
1933 Gandhi comienza una huelga de hambre de tres semanas.
1932 Diario Ideal, fundación de este exitoso periodico Andaluz.
1923 Nace una de las primeras emisoras de radio en México, la CYL.
1914 Se creó Paramount Pictures
1906 Se funda el Club Deportivo Guadalajara, el equipo mexicano de fútbol con más campeonatos.
1902 Erupción del Mont Pelée que sepulta a Saint Pierre, Martinica.
1895 China cede Taiwán a Japón.
1886 John Styth Pemberton inventa la Coca Cola.
1878 David Huhges da a conocer a la Royal Society de Londres el micrófono de carbón, el primer micrófono.
1863 La Confederación Granadina toma el nombre de Estados Unidos de Colombia.
1847 Robert Thomson patenta uno de los primeros modelos de neumático para vehículo.
1701 Las Cortes reconocen como Rey de España a Felipe V de Borbón.
1541 Hernando de Soto devuelve el primero hombre de llegar al río Mississippi. Lo llama el Río de Espíritu Santo.
1527 El navegante italiano Sebastián Caboto descubre el río Paraná.
1521 Condenadas las tesis de Lutero por la Dieta de Worms.
1456 España: Las tropas cristianas del rey Enrique IV arrebatan a los musulmanes la villa de Estepona (Málaga).
1366 Pedro IV de Aragón donó a D. Pedro Jordán de Urriés el castillo y villa de Ayerbe y sus términos.
1360 Francia e Inglaterra firman el Tratado de Brétigny.
0589 Se inicia el III Concilio de Toledo.
Nacimientos Notables en Mayo 8 …
1988 Tito Salas, pintor venezolano.
1982 Buakaw Por Pramuk, boxeador Muay Thai tailandés.
1981 Andrea Barzagli, futbolista italiano.
1981 Björn Dixgård, músico sueco (Mando Diao).
1978 Josie Maran, modelo y actriz estadounidense.
1978 Lúcio, futbolista brasileño.
1977 Theodoros Papaloukas, jugador de baloncesto griego.
1975 Enrique Iglesias, cantautor español.
1973 Hiromu Arakawa, mangaka japonesa.
1972 Darren Hayes, cantante australiano.
1970 Luis Enrique, futbolista español.
1966 Cláudio Taffarel, futbolista brasileño.
1966 Marta Sánchez, cantante española.
1964 Dave Rowntree, músico británico (Blur).
1964 Melissa Gilbert, actriz estadounidense.
1960 Franco Baresi, futbolista italiano.
1957 Bill Cowher, ex-entrenador en jefe de fútbol americano.
1956 Josep Antoni Pujante, alpinista.
1953 Alex Van Halen, músico estadounidense.
1953 Billy Burnette, guitarrista estadounidense (Fleetwood Mac).
1951 Chris Frantz, músico estadounidense (Talking Heads).
1951 Philip Bailey, cantante estadounidense (Earth, Wind & Fire).
1947 H. Robert Horvitz, biólogo estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina de 2002.
1945 Keith Jarrett, pianista de jazz estadounidense.
1944 Gary Glitter, cantante inglés.
1943 Paul Samwell-Smith, bajista británico (The Yardbirds).
1943 Toni Tennille, cantante stadounidense.
1940 Josep Gómez Romero, Dyango músico y cantante.
1940 Peter Benchley, escritor estadounidense.
1940 Ricky Nelson, cantante y actor estadounidense.
1937 Carlos Gaviria Díaz, jurista y político colombiano.
1937 Thomas Pynchon, novelista estadounidense.
1935 Jack Charlton, futbolista inglés.
1932 Sonny Liston, boxeador estadounidense.
1930 Heather Harper, soprano irlandesa.
1927 Chumy Chúmez, humorista español
1926 Don Rickles, actor estadounidense.
1923 Walter Jens, filósofo alemán.
1920 Saul Bass, disenador gráfico estadounidense.
1920 Tom of Finland, artista finlandés.
1919 Lex Barker, actor estadounidense.
1916 João Havelange, ex-presidente de la FIFA.
1914 Romain Gary, escritor y diplomático francés de origen lituano.
1913 Bob Clampett, animador estadounidense.
1911 Robert Johnson, músico estadounidense.
1906 Roberto Rossellini, cineasta italiano.
1903 Fernandel, actor cómico francés.
1902 André Lwoff, biólogo y médico francés de origen ruso-polaco.
1899 Arthur Q. Bryan, actor de voz estadounidense.
1899 Friedrich Hayek, filósofo austriaco, Premio Nobel de Economía en 1974.
1897 José María Pemán, periodista y dramaturgo español.
1895 Edmund Wilson, escritor estadounidense.
1895 José Gómez Ortega, Joselito, torero español.
1884 Harry S. Truman, 33º presidente de los Estados Unidos.
1877 José María Salaverría, escritor español.
1848 José Sánchez del Campo “Cara Ancha”, torero español.
1828 Jean Henri Dunant, fundador de la Cruz Roja y premio Nobel de la Paz en 1901.
1753 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, insurgente mexicano.
Fallecimientos Notables en Mayo 8 …
2008 Eddy Arnold, músico de country estadounidense (n. 1918).
2008 Fahed Kubessi, pintor sirio (n. 1935).
2001 Jorge Lardé y Larín, historiador salvadoreño.
2001 Margaretha Krook, actriz sueca.
2000 Guadalupe “Pita” Amor, poetisa mexicana.
1999 Dirk Bogarde, actor y escritor británico.
1996 Luis Miguel Dominguín, matador de toros español.
1994 George Peppard, actor estadounidense
1993 Gabriel Pita da Veiga, marino y ex ministro español
1991 Rudolf Serkin, pianista estadounidense.
1988 Domingo Ortega, matador de toros español
1988 Robert A. Heinlein, escritor estadounidense.
1982 Gilles Villeneuve, piloto canadiense de Fórmula 1.
1979 Talcott Parsons, sociólogo estadounidense.
1967 Elmer Rice, dramaturgo estadounidense.
1960 Hugo Alfvén, compositor, director de orquesta y violinista sueco.
1952 William Fox, productor cinematográfico.
1936 Oswald Spengler, filósofo e historiador alemán
1903 Paul Gauguin, pintor francés.
1891 Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, líder espiritual estadounidense de origen ruso.
1880 Gustave Flaubert, novelista francés.
1873 John Stuart Mill, filósofo empirista británico.
1844 Carlos XIV, rey de Suecia y Noruega (1818-1844)
1842 Jules Dumont D’Urville, explorador francés del Pacífico sur y la Antártida.
1794 Antoine Lavoisier, químico francés.
1788 Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, médico y naturalista italo-austriaco.
1782 Marqués de Pombal, estadista lusitano.
1063 Ramiro I, rey de Aragón (1035-1063).
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1945 V-E Day is celebrated in America and Britain
  • American Revolution

  • 1792 Militia Act establishes conscription under federal law
  • Automotive

  • 1956 Henry Ford II leaves post at Ford Foundation
  • Civil War

  • 1864 Lee beats Grant to Spotsylvania
  • Cold War

  • 1984 Soviets announce boycott of 1984 Olympics
  • Crime

  • 1988 Woman convicted for tampering with Excedrin
  • Disaster

  • 1950 Flash floods in Nebraska kill 23
  • General Interest

  • 1541 De Soto reaches the Mississippi
  • 1973 AIM occupation of Wounded Knee ends
  • 1984 Soviets to boycott L.A. Olympics
  • Hollywood

  • 1963 Sean Connery stars in his first Bond movie, Dr. No
  • 2010 Betty White becomes oldest Saturday Night Live host
  • Literary

  • 1899 Yeats’ The Countess Cathleen opens at the Irish Literary Theatre
  • Music

  • 1976 The theme song from Welcome Back, Kotter is the #1 song in America
  • Old West

  • 1846 Zachary Taylor fights the Battle of Palo Alto
  • Presidential

  • 1884 Harry S. Truman is born
  • Sports

  • 1970 Knicks beat Lakers for NBA title
  • Vietnam War

  • 1970 Nixon defends invasion of Cambodia
  • 1972 Mining of North Vietnamese harbors is announced
  • World War I

  • 1919 New celebration of Armistice Day proposed
  • World War II

  • 1945 Victory in Europe
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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