Mayo 07 en la Historia |
Sábado 6 Mayo, 2017 19:45

Mayo 07 en la Historia

Nazi Germany signs unconditional surrender in World War II;  The Lusitania sunk in World War I; Vietnam’s Battle of Dien Bien Phu; The Scream recovered; Composer Peter Illych Tchaikovsky born; Glenn Miller records ‘Chattanooga Choo-Choo.’


Hoy en la Historia,

Today in History May 07,


BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred


Germany signs unconditional surrender

Germany has signed an unconditional surrender bringing to an end six years of war in Europe, according to reports from France.

General Jodl, centre, flanked by an aide on the left and Gen-Admiral Hans George von Friedeburg (R)

General Jodl, centre, flanked by an aide on the left and Gen-Admiral Hans George von Friedeburg (R)


This evening the Ministry of Information has confirmed that an official statement declaring the end of the war, will be made simultaneously in London, Washington and Moscow tomorrow.

The day has been declared a national holiday to mark Victory in Europe Day (VE Day). The following day (9 May) will also be a national holiday.

The BBC’s Thomas Cadett watched the official signing at a schoolhouse in Reims, northeastern France, which serves as the advance headquarters of the supreme commander in Europe, General Dwight D Eisenhower.

We are so glad the war is over; sometimes we are surprised we are still living, what with the bombing, the shells, the V bombs and planes that fell down around here

He said the signing, which took place in the early hours of this morning, was carried out “on a cold and businesslike basis.”

Afterwards, he said General Gustav Jodl, of Germany, spoke briefly, saying the Germans had given themselves up “for better or worse into the victors’ hands”.

The document was signed by General Bedell Smith for the Allied commander, General Ivan Susloparov for Russia and General Francois Sevez for France.

It seems General Eisenhower tried to delay the release of the details of the surrender because of the difficulty of arranging a simultaneous declaration in London, Washington and Moscow.

Prime Minister Winston Churchill, the Soviet leader Marshal Joseph Stalin and United States President Harry S Truman have now agreed to make the official announcement of the end of the war at 1500 BST tomorrow.

Mr Churchill will broadcast his announcement from the Cabinet room at 10 Downing Street.

It was from this same room that previous Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain announced Britain was at war with Germany on 3 September 1939.

Until today the German surrender has been piecemeal.

The German 1st and 19th Armies have capitulated in the south. The 25th Army has surrendered in the western Netherlands and Denmark has been celebrating its first day of freedom from occupation.

Earlier today, German forces in Norway also surrendered.

The final capitulation has been delayed by the new Fuehrer, Grand Admiral Doenitz. After the death of Adolf Hitler last week, he announced his intention to continue the fight against the British and Americans as long as they hampered his battle with the Russians.

It appears it did not take him long to realise further resistance was useless.

This evening the King sent a telegram to the Supreme Allied Commander, General Dwight Eisenhower congratulating the troops for carrying out their duties with “valour and distinction”.

His message continued: “How unbounded is our admiration for the courage and determination which, under wise leadership, have brought them to their goal of complete and crushing victory.”

In Context

The simultaneous broadcasts officially announcing the end of the war went ahead the following day.The Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, made a broadcast to the nation from 10 Downing Street, followed by a statement in the Commons. He then led a procession of MPs to St Margaret’s Church for a service of thanksgiving.

Other church services were held at St Paul’s with the boys’ choir, just returned from Cornwall where they had been living during the war years. The restriction on Sunday morning bus services, introduced because of the war, was temporarily lifted to allow people to get to church the following weekend.

The head of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, had tried to broker a peace deal two months before but he had attached conditions to the agreement: he wanted to keep the Nazi regime in place and stop Soviet progress into Germany.

The Allied powers had agreed at the Casablanca conference in January 1943 that only the unconditional surrender of Germany would be acceptable.

The war in Europe was over but the war against Japan continued for another four months.


Images from Today’s History:


Associated Press

History Channel

Nazi Germany signs surrender in World War II

wwII-surrender_2May 8, 1945: German General Hans-Jurgen Stumpff of the Luftwaffe, German Field Marshal and German chief-of-staff Wilhelm Keitel, and Admiral Hans-Georg Von Friedeburg of the German Navy pose before officially signing the German definitive act of surrender at the headquarters of the Soviet forces in the Berlin suburb of Karlshost- AFP




Vietnam’s Battle of Dien Bien Phu

Imagen relacionada
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was the decisive engagement in the first Indochina War (1946–54). After French forces occupied the Dien Bien Phu valley in late 1953, Viet Minh commander Vo Nguyen Giap amassed troops and placed heavy artillery in caves of the mountains overlooking the French camp. Boosted by Chinese aid, Giap mounted assaults on the opposition’s strong points beginning in March 1954, eliminating use of the French airfield. Viet Minh forces overran the base in early May, prompting the French government to seek an end to the fighting with the signing of the Geneva Accords of 1954.
The battle that settled the fate of French Indochina was initiated in November 1953, when Viet Minh forces at Chinese insistence moved to attack Lai Chau, the capital of the T’ai Federation (in Upper Tonkin), which was loyal to the French. As Peking had hoped, the French commander in chief in Indochina, General Henri Navarre, came out to defend his allies because he believed the T’ai “maquis” formed a significant threat in the Viet Minh “rear” (the T’ai supplied the French with opium that was sold to finance French special operations) and wanted to prevent a Viet Minh sweep into Laos. Because he considered Lai Chau impossible to defend, on November 20, Navarre launched Operation Castor with a paratroop drop on the broad valley of Dien Bien Phu, which was rapidly transformed into a defensive perimeter of eight strong points organized around an airstrip. When, in December 1953, the T’ais attempted to march out of Lai Chau for Dien Bien Phu, they were badly mauled by Viet Minh forces.


This Day in History

History Channel


The Scream recovered


On May 7, 1994, Norway’s most famous painting, “The Scream” by Edvard Munch, was recovered almost three months after it was stolen from a museum in Oslo. Thefragile painting was recovered undamaged at a hotel in Asgardstrand, about 40 miles south of Oslo, police said.

The iconic 1893 painting of a waiflike figure on a bridge was stolen in only 50 seconds during a break-in on February 12, the opening day of the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer. Two thieves broke through a window of the National Gallery, cut a wire holding the painting to the wall and left a note reading “Thousand thanks for the bad security!”

A few days after the theft, a Norwegian anti-abortion group said it could have the painting returned if Norwegian television showed an anti-abortion film. The claim turned out to be false. The government also received a $1 million ransom demand on March 3, but refused to pay it due to a lack of proof that the demand was genuine.

Eventually, police found four pieces of the painting’s frame in Nittedal, a suburb north of Oslo, and what may have been a cryptic messages that the thieves wanted to discuss a ransom. Finally, in January 1996, four men were convicted and sentenced in connection with the theft. Theyincluded Paal Enger, who had been convicted in 1988 of stealing Munch’s “The Vampire” in Oslo. Enger was sentenced this time to six-and-a-half-years in prison. He escaped while on a field trip in 1999, andwas captured 12 days later in a blond wig and dark sunglasses trying to buy a train ticket to Copenhagen.

In August 2004, another version of “The Scream” was stolen along with Munch’s “The Madonna,” this time from the Munch Museum in Oslo. Three men were convicted in connection with that theft in May 2006. Police recovered both works in August with minor marks and tears. Yet another version of “The Scream” remained in private hands and sold on May 2, 2012, for $119.9 million, becoming the most expensive work of art to sell at auction.

Munch developed an emotionally charged style that served as an important forerunner of the 20th century Expressionist movement. He painted “The Scream” as part of his “Frieze of Life” series, in which sickness, death, fear, love and melancholy are central themes. He died in January 1944 at the age of 81.



Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:



Mayo 7 se celebra…
  • Cocentaina – Celebración, desde el año 1.600, de la proclamación de San Hipólito Mártir como patrón de Cocentaina.
Mayo 7 en la Historia del Mundo …
2008 Asume el nuevo presidente de Rusia, Dmitri Medvédev, para un período de 4 años.
2007 Inauguracion MetroEste7 en el Metro de Madrid
2006 Derrumban el Arsenal Stadium.
1995 Jacques Chirac presidente de la V República Francesa.
1993 El arquitecto español Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza, obtiene el premio Príncipe de Asturias de las Artes.
1991 Tropas soviéticas invaden Armenia.
1988 Juan Pablo II inicia viaje a América latina, en el que visita Uruguay, Bolivia, Perú y Paraguay.
1977 El tema “L’Oiseau Et L’Enfant” de Marie Miriam gana por Francia la XXII edición de Eurovisión celebrada en Londres.
1973 El periódico The Washington Post gana el premio Pulitzer por su investigación en el caso Watergate.
1963 EE.UU. pone en órbita el satélite de comunicaciones Telstar.
1960 Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev es designado presidente del Soviet Supremo.
1954 Rendición de las tropas francesas en Dien Bien Phu: acaba la dominación francesa en Indochina.
1951 El Comité Olímpico Internacional permite a Rusia competir en los Juegos Olímpicos de 1952 en Oslo.
1948 Se funda el Consejo Europeo durante el Congreso de La Haya.
1946 Se funda la compañía japonesa Sony con 20 empleados.
1945 Rendición incondicional de Alemania ante los aliados. Fin de la contienda en Europa.
1943 Tropas aliadas ocupan Túnez y Bizerta.
1937 Guerra Civil española. El general Emilio Mola, cerebro del levantamiento militar contra la República española, muere en un accidente de aviación en Belorado, (Burgos).
1929 Chiang Kai-shek se convierte en presidente del Consejo Central Supremo de la República de China.
1926 Guerra de Marruecos. Comienzo de la ofensiva franco-española contra el cabecilla rebelde Ab-el-Krim, tras el fracaso de la conferencia de Uxda.
1915 Un submarino alemán hunde en el mar de Irlanda al trasatlántico “RMS Lusitania”, en el que mueren 1.200 personas.
1893 La reina María Cristina inaugura el Palacio de la Bolsa de Madrid.
1891 Se coloca la primera piedra del edificio de la Real Academia Española en Madrid.
1847 Se funda en Filadelfia, la Asociación Médica Estadounidense (American Medical Association, AMA).
1824 Se presenta la Novena Sinfonía de Beethoven.
1810 España: Durante la Guerra de la Independencia tiene lugar la batalla de Galera (Granada) en la que destacó el capitán de caballería Gaspar Fernández Bobadilla.
1714 Los catalanes rechazan el asalto de las tropas reales a Barcelona durante la guerra de Sucesión española.
1704 Pedro II, rey de Portugal, reconoce al archiduque Carlos de Habsburgo como sucesor legítimo de la corona española con el título de Carlos III.
1664 Luis XIV de Francia inaugura el Palacio de Versalles.
1429 Juana de Arco es herida durante la campaña que llevaría a la liberación de Orleans.
1348 Fundación de la Universidad Carolina en Praga.
1298 Colocación de la primera piedra de la catedral de Barcelona.
1274 Inicio del II Concilio de Lyon.
0558 En Costantinopla, el domo de Hagia Sofía colapsa. Justiniano I inmediatamente ordena que sea reconstruído.
Nacimientos Notables en Mayo 7 …
1987 Asami Konno, cantante japonesa.
1978 Shawn Marion, jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1973 Paolo Savoldelli, ciclista italiano.
1969 José Manuel Moreno Periñán, ciclista español.
1968 Traci Lords, actriz estadounidense.
1963 Johnny Lee Middleton, músico estadounidense (Savatage)
1961 Phil Campbell, músico británico (Motörhead)
1960 Almudena Grandes, escritora española.
1956 Jan Peter Balkenende, Primer Ministro de los Países Bajos.
1952 Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira, político español.
1948 Lluis Llach, cantautor español.
1947 Guillermo Carnero Arbat, poeta y ensayista, economista y filólogo español.
1946 Bill Kreutzmann, músico estadounidense (Grateful Dead).
1946 Thelma Houston, cantante estadounidense.
1944 Eva Norvind, actriz mexicana.
1940 Angela Carter, periodista y novelista británica.
1939 Ruggero Deodato, director de cine, actor y guionista italiano.
1939 Ruud Lubbers, político holandés.
1939 Sidney Altman, bioquímico canadiense, premio Nobel de Química en 1989.
1930 Anatoli Ivanovich Lukianov, político y abogado soviético.
1927 Elizabeth Soderstrom, soprano
1923 Anne Baxter, actriz estadounidense.
1922 Darren McGavin, actor estadounidense.
1922 Tony Leblanc, actor español.
1919 Eva Duarte de Perón, “Evita” luchadora popular por los derechos de los trabajadores esposa del presidente de la Argentina Juan Perón.
1914 Ángel Vian Ortuño, químico español.
1909 Edwin Herbert Land, inventor y físico estadounidense.
1901 Gary Cooper, actor estadounidense.
1901 Marcel Poot, músico belga.
1894 Rafael Argelés, pintor español.
1892 Archibald MacLeish, escritor y educador estadounidense.
1892 Josip Broz Tito, militar, presidente de Yugoslavia (1953-1980).
1891 Francisco Vales Villamarín, historiador y profesor español.
1883 Evaristo Carriego, escritor argentino.
1867 Wladyslaw Reymont, novelista polaco, premio Nobel de Literatura en 1924.
1842 Alberto Aguilera, político y jurisconsulto español, alcalde de Madrid.
1840 Joaquín Baranda, político mexicano.
1840 Tchaikovsky, músico ruso.
1833 Johannes Brahms, compositor alemán.
1832 Carl Gottfried Neumann, matemático alemán.
1812 Robert Browning, poeta británico.
1780 Ignacio Aldama, militar mexicano.
1763 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, líder y general polaco.
1748 Olympe de Gouges, escritora y feminista francesa.
1711 David Hume, filósofo británico.
1700 Gerard van Swieten, médico austriaco de origen holandés.
1530 Luis I de Borbón-Condé, líder y general francés de los Hugonotes .
0427 adC – Platón, filósofo y poeta de Atenas.
Fallecimientos Notables en Mayo 7 …
2008 José Fernando Castro Caycedo, político y abogado colombiano (n. 1951).
2008 Mercè Sala, política y economista española (n. 1943).
2007 Diego Corrales, boxeador estadounidense.
2005 Otilino Tenorio, futbolista ecuatoriano.
2005 Tristan Egolf, novelista, músico y activista político estadounidense.
2002 Xavier Montsalvatge, compositor español.
2000 Douglas Fairbanks Jr., actor estadounidense.
1998 Allan McLeod Cormack, científico sudáfricano, Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina en 1979.
1995 María Luisa Bemberg, cineasta argentina.
1995 Pedro Gómez Valderrama, diplomático, político y escritor colombiano.
1992 Simón Cabido, actor español.
1986 Gaston Deferre, político francés.
1985 Carlos Mota Pinto, primer ministro portugués.
1950 Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes, presidente de Nicaragua.
1941 James George Frazer, antropólogo escocés.
1941 José Serrano, compositor español de zarzuelas.
1922 Raimondo Vianello, actor italiano.
1896 H. H. Holmes, asesino en serie estadounidense.
1889 Francisco Fernández Iparraguirre, farmacéutico, botánico y lingüista, impulsor del Volapük en España.
1873 José Antonio Páez, primer presidente de Venezuela.
1840 Caspar David Friedrich, pintor alemán.
1825 Antonio Salieri, compositor italiano.
1800 Nicola Puccini, compositor italiano.
1793 Pietro Nardini, violinista y compositor italiano.
1774 Caspar David Friedrich, pintor alemán.
1718 María de Módena, reina consorte de Inglaterra y Escocia.
1667 Johann Jakob Froberger, compositor alemán.
0973 Otto I, emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico.


History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1994 The Scream recovered
  • American Revolution

  • 1763 Pontiac’s plot is foiled
  • Automotive

  • 1998 Daimler-Benz announces purchase of Chrysler Corp.
  • Civil War

  • 1864 Grant leaves the Wilderness for Spotsylvania
  • Cold War

  • 1960 Brezhnev becomes president of the USSR
  • Crime

  • 1896 A serial killer is hanged
  • Disaster

  • 1902 Volcanic eruption buries Caribbean city
  • General Interest

  • 1763 Pontiac’s Rebellion begins
  • 1915 Lusitania sinks
  • 1954 French defeated at Dien Bien Phu
  • Hollywood

  • 1901 Gary Cooper born
  • Literary

  • 1812 Robert Browning is born
  • Music

  • 1965 “Satisfaction” comes to Keith Richards
  • Old West

  • 1901 Gary Cooper is born
  • Presidential

  • 1789 George Washington attends inaugural ball
  • Sports

  • 1995 Reggie Miller leads Pacers to victory over Knicks
  • Vietnam War

  • 1954 French fall to Viet Minh at Dien Bien Phu
  • World War I

  • 1915 German submarine sinks Lusitania
  • World War II

  • 1945 Germany surrenders unconditionally to the Allies at Reims


 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia

Source: Associated Press | | |  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | | WIKI | YouTube | Google 


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