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Junio 26 en la Historia

Kennedy: ‘Ich bin ein Berliner’, – President John F. Kennedy rallies West Berlin during the Cold War; The U.N. Charter signed; Scientists complete first rough map of the human genetic code; Charlie Chaplin’s ‘The Gold Rush’ premieres.

Hoy en la Historia,

Junio 26

en la Historia,

Today in History,


BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred”


Kennedy: ‘Ich bin ein Berliner’

Kennedy in Berlin

President Kennedy’s visit to West Berlin was eagerly awaited

The US President, John F Kennedy, has made a ground-breaking speech in Berlin offering American solidarity to the citizens of West Germany.

A crowd of 120,000 Berliners gathered in front of the Schöneberg Rathaus (City Hall) to hear President Kennedy speak.

They began gathering in the square long before he was due to arrive, and when he finally appeared on the podium they gave him an ovation of several minutes.

The president had just returned from a visit on foot to one of the Berlin Wall’s most notorious crossing points, Checkpoint Charlie.

He was watched from the other side of the border by small groups of East Berliners unable even to wave because of the presence of large groups of the East German People’s Police.

All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words, ‘Ich bin ein Berliner’
President John F Kennedy

In an impassioned speech, the president told them West Berlin was a symbol of freedom in a world threatened by the Cold War.

“Two thousand years ago,” he told the crowd, “the proudest boast in the world was ‘civis Romanus sum’.

“Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is ‘Ich bin ein Berliner.'”

“Freedom has many difficulties and democracy is not perfect,” he continued. “But we never had to put up a wall to keep our people in.”

His speech was punctuated throughout by rapturous cheers of approval.

He ended on the theme he had begun with:

“All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words, ‘Ich bin ein Berliner.'”

After the speech, the mayor of West Berlin, Willi Brandt, spoke out for the citizens of East Germany, saying they would be brought out in a few days to greet the Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, whether they wanted to or not.

“But they would much rather be with us, freely gathered here,” he said.

“We tell them, we will not give up. Berlin is true to those behind barbed wire as to fellow countrymen in the West and friends in the whole world.”

His words were followed by the tolling of the Freedom Bell from the belfry of the Rathaus in remembrance of those in East Germany.

For the first time that day, the massive crowd fell silent.

In Context
President Kennedy’s “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech was seen as a turning point in the Cold War.It was a major morale booster for West Germans, alarmed by the recently-built Berlin Wall.

It also gave a strongly defiant message to the Soviet Union and effectively put paid to Moscow’s hopes of driving the Allies out of West Berlin.

Two months later, President Kennedy negotiated the first nuclear test ban treaty with the Soviet Union, in what was seen as a first step towards ending the Cold War.

But on 22 November that year, he was assassinated, shot in the head as he drove through Dallas, Texas, on his way to a political festival.

The Berlin Wall was finally brought down, piece by piece, in November 1989 as communism collapsed and the Iron Curtain fell from Eastern Europe.

Germany was re-united in October 1990.


Images from Today’s History:


Associated Press

History Channel

The Gold Rush is a 1925 American silent comedy film written, produced, and directed by Charlie Chaplin. The film also stars Chaplin in his Little Tramp persona, Georgia Hale, Mack Swain, Tom Murray, Henry Bergman, and Malcolm Waite. Chaplin declared several times that this was the film for which he most wanted to be remembered.[3] Though it was a silent film, it received Academy Award nominations for Best Music and Best Sound Recording upon its re-release in 1942.
The Gold Rush is a 1925 American silent comedy film written, produced, and directed by Charlie Chaplin. The film also stars Chaplin in his Little Tramp persona, Georgia Hale, Mack Swain, Tom Murray, Henry Bergman, and Malcolm Waite. Chaplin declared several times that this was the film for which he most wanted to be remembered. Though it was a silent film, it received Academy Award nominations for Best Music and Best Sound Recording upon its re-release in 1942.


This Day in History

History Channel


U.S. begins Berlin Airlift

On this day in 1948, U.S. and British pilots begin delivering food and supplies by airplane to Berlin after the city is isolated by a Soviet Union blockade.

When World War II ended in 1945, defeated Germany was divided into Soviet, American, British and French zones of occupation. The city of Berlin, though located within the Soviet zone of occupation, was also split into four sectors, with the Allies taking the western part of the city and the Soviets the eastern. In June 1948, Josef Stalin’s government attempted to consolidate control of the city by cutting off all land and sea routes to West Berlin in order to pressure the Allies to evacuate. As a result, beginning on June 24 the western section of Berlin and its 2 million people were deprived of food, heating fuel and other crucial supplies.

Though some in U.S. President Harry S. Truman’s administration called for a direct military response to this aggressive Soviet move, Truman worried such a response would trigger another world war. Instead, he authorized a massive airlift operation under the control of General Lucius D. Clay, the American-appointed military governor of Germany. The first planes took off from England and western Germany on June 26, loaded with food, clothing, water, medicine and fuel.

By July 15, an average of 2,500 tons of supplies was being flown into the city every day. The massive scale of the airlift made it a huge logistical challenge and at times a great risk. With planes landing at Tempelhof Airport every four minutes, round the clock, pilots were being asked to fly two or more round-trip flights every day, in World War II planes that were sometimes in need of repair.

The Soviets lifted the blockade in May 1949, having earned the scorn of the international community for subjecting innocent men, women and children to hardship and starvation. The airlift–called die Luftbrucke or “the air bridge” in German–continued until September 1949, for a total delivery of more than 1.5 million tons of supplies and a total cost of over $224 million. When it ended, the eastern section of Berlin was absorbed into Soviet East Germany, while West Berlin remained a separate territory with its own government and close ties to West Germany. The Berlin Wall, built in 1961, formed a dividing line between East and West Berlin. Its destruction in 1989 presaged the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union and marked the end of an era and the reemergence of Berlin as the capital of a new, unified German nation.



Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:



Junio 26 se celebra…
  • 100º Aniversario del nacimiento de Salvador Allende.
  • Día Internaciónal de apoyo a las víctimas de la Tortura, proclamado por la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas en 1997 (resolución número 52/149).
  • Día Internacional de la lucha contra el uso indebido y el tráfico ilícito de drogas
Junio 26 en la Historia del Mundo …
2007 Comienza la COPA AMERICA – Venezuela 2007.
1987 España: Jesús Gil se hace con la presidencia del club de fútbol Atlético de Madrid
1979 Muhammad Ali se retira del boxeo.
1977 Último concierto de Elvis Presley.
1976 Es inaugurada oficialmente en Toronto, Canadá, la estructura más alta del mundo construida por el hombre: la Torre CN (CN Tower).
1975 India: Indira Gandhi establece un gobierno autoritario.
1963 El presidente de Estados Unidos John F. Kennedy da su célebre discurso “Ich bin ein Berliner” (Soy un berlinés)
1960 Madagascar alcanza su independencia de Francia.
1945 Firma de la Carta de las Naciones Unidas y el Estatuto de la Corte Internacional de Justicia, en San Francisco.
1924 Las fuerzas estadounidenses se retiran de la República Dominicana
1709 España: Felipe V concede a la villa de Ayerbe Los títulos de noble y fidelísima, por la colaboración prestada en la Guerra de Sucesión.
1300 España: El sultán de Granada Muhammad II toma Alcaudete (Jaén), tras cuatro días de combate.
Nacimientos Notables en Junio 26 …
1980 Jason Schwartzman, actor estadounidense.
1980 Michael Vick, jugador de futbol americano.
1977 Jorge Poza, actor, comediante y animador mexicano.
1969 Colin Greenwood, músico inglés.
1968 Paolo Maldini, futbolista italiano.
1961 Greg Lemond, ciclista estadounidense.
1955 Mick Jones, músico británico.
1954 Luis Arconada, portero de futbol.
1946 Virgilio Zapatero Gómez, político español.
1940 Vittorio Storaro, director de fotografía italiano.
1936 Hal Greer, jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1933 Bertín Pozo Mozo, político e ingeniero español.
1933 Claudio Abbado, director de orquesta italiano.
1927 Juan Velarde Fuertes, economista español.
1922 Eleanor Parker, actriz estadounidense.
1914 Estrellita Castro, actriz y cantante española.
1914 Wolfgang Windgassen, tenor alemán.
1913 Aimé Césaire, poeta y político francés.
1908 Salvador Allende, presidente de Chile (1970-1973).
1904 Peter Lorre, actor húngaro-estadounidense.
1899 María Nikoláievna Romanova, gran duquesa de Rusia.
1892 Pearl S. Buck, escritora estadounidense, premio Nobel de Literatura en 1938.
1890 Francisco Elías Rueda, cineasta español.
1885 André Maurois, escritor, biógrafo y crítico francés.
1870 Ignacio Zuloaga, pintor español.
1827 Demetrio de los Ríos, arquitecto, arqueólogo y poeta español.
1824 William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, físico británico.
1821 Bartolomé Mitre, militar, presidente de Argentina (1862-1868).
1782 Juan José Carrera, militar y patriota chileno.
1730 Charles Messier, astrónomo francés.
Fallecimientos Notables en Junio 26 …
2003 Marc-Vivien Foé, futbolista camerunés.
2002 Maximiliano Kosteki y Dario Santillan, luchadores sociales.
2001 Manuel Soto Monje, El Sordera, cantautor español.
1997 Israel Kamakawiwo’ole, cantante estadounidense.
1990 Manuel de Pedrolo, escritor español.
1989 Antonio Abad Ojuel, periodista y ensayista español.
1986 Ignacio Coca, banquero español.
1980 José Iturbi, pianista español.
1975 Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer, fundador del Opus Dei.
1971 Guillermo Uribe Holguín, músico colombiano.
1970 Leopoldo Marechal, escritor argentino.
1946 Yosuke Matsuoka, ministro de Relaciones Exteriores japonés.
1943 Karl Landsteiner, patólogo estadounidense de origen austriaco, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1930.
1941 Hans Ludendorff, astrónomo alemán.
1878 María de las Mercedes de Orleans, reina consorte de España durante unos meses en el año 1878.
1856 Max Stirner, filósofo alemán.
1839 Mariano Lagasca, naturalista español.
1836 Claude Rouget de Lisle, autor de La Marsellesa.
1830 Jorge IV, rey del Reino Unido.
1811 Ignacio Allende
1811 Juan Aldama
1811 Mariano Jiménez
1810 Joseph Montgolfier, inventor del globo aerostático.
1752 Giulio Alberoni, cardenal italiano.
1557 Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo, cronista oficial de las Indias.
1541 Francisco Pizarro, conquistador español del Perú.
0363 Juliano, el Apóstata, emperador de Roma (361-363).


History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1948 U.S. begins Berlin Airlift
  • American Revolution

  • 1784 Delaware Patriot Caesar Rodney dies
  • Automotive

  • 1956 Congress approves Federal Highway Act
  • Civil War

  • 1862 Rebels strike Union at the Battle of Mechanicsville
  • Cold War

  • 1948 Berlin Airlift begins
  • Crime

  • 1957 A serial killer preys upon a woman out for a drive
  • Disaster

  • 1807 Lightning strikes in Luxembourg
  • General Interest

  • 1541 Conqueror of the Incas assassinated
  • 1945 U.N. Charter signed
  • 1959 St. Lawrence Seaway opened
  • 1993 Clinton punishes Iraq for plot to kill Bush
  • 2003 Former U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond dies
  • Hollywood

  • 1998 Gone with the Wind re-released in United States
  • 2012 Nora Ephron, director of “When Harry Met Sally,” dies
  • Literary

  • 1892 Pearl Buck’s birthday
  • Music

  • 1975 Sonny and Cher’s divorce becomes final
  • Old West

  • 1876 Reno takes command of 7th Cavalry
  • Presidential

  • 1844 President John Tyler weds his second wife
  • 1963 Kennedy claims solidarity with the people of Berlin
  • Sports

  • 1911 Babe Didrikson born
  • Vietnam War

  • 1965 Westmoreland given authority to commit U.S. forces
  • 1972 U.S. aircraft shifted to Thailand
  • World War I

  • 1917 First U.S. troops arrive in France
  • World War II

  • 1940 Turkey declares nonbelligerency
  • 1945 U.N. Charter is signed



Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 


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“La historia es en realidad el registro de crímenes, locuras y adversidades de la humanidad” (E. Gibbon)