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Junio 24 en la Historia

Napoleon’s Grande Armee invades Russia; Start of the Berlin blockade during the early Cold War; Labour rift over UK nuclear test in the USA; Russians enjoy WWII victory parade; Boxing champ Jack Dempsey born; Comedian and actor Jackie Gleason of ‘The Honeymooners’ fame dies.

Hoy en la Historia,

Junio 24

en la Historia,

Today in History,


BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred”


Labour rift over UK nuclear test in the USA

The Labour Government has admitted Britain exploded a nuclear device in the United States a few weeks ago.

Tribune member Frank Allaun

Tribune member Frank Allaun warned the bomb could spread to other countries

It is thought the underground trial at America’s desert test range in Nevada was carried out on one of the new warheads for the Polaris submarine missiles.

The announcement has sparked a row between senior ministers and the left-wing Tribune group, which opposes Britain’s – and Labour’s – involvement in the arms race.

The trial had been arranged by the previous Conservative Government, but the Ministry of Defence said it was not ashamed of its nuclear arsenal and intended to continue with the programme.

‘Grave danger’

Tribune member Frank Allaun said it was Labour policy to get rid of what he termed “suicide weapons”.

And the MP suggested scrapping missiles would set a good example to aspiring nuclear powers.

“The danger at the moment is of the bomb spreading to more and more countries – that’s a grave danger,” he said.

Defence Secretary Roy Mason said he could understand why people in the Labour Party were opposed to the tests.

But he emphasized there was no party commitment to the abolition of nuclear weapons and said the government had not broken a manifesto pledge or international agreement by exploding the device.

“If we had purposefully taken the decision to abandon the test we would have been prematurely taking the decision to abandon our strategic deterrent – that’s not on,” he said.

In Context

The world’s first nuclear test was carried out by the US on 16 July 1945 at Alamagordo Air Base reservation, New Mexico.Various treaties since the 1958 Geneva Conference have attempted to reduce or abolish nuclear weapons testing, but the Cold War ensured trials continued.

The five declared nuclear powers – Britain, France, US, Russia and China – signed the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in September 1996 – but it has yet to be ratified.

The two newest countries to obtain nuclear weapons, India and Pakistan, have both exploded devices since the agreement was signed.


Images from Today’s History:


Associated Press

History Channel


Napoleon’s Grande Armee invades Russia

Following the rejection of his Continental System by Czar Alexander I, French Emperor Napoleon orders his Grande Armee, the largest European military force ever assembled to that date, into Russia. The enormous army, featuring some 500,000 soldiers and staff, included troops from all the European countries under the sway of the French Empire.

Map of Napoleon’s push towards Russia. The red line is the route he took, the black line is the return route

During the opening months of the invasion, Napoleon was forced to contend with a bitter Russian army in perpetual retreat. Refusing to engage Napoleon’s superior army in a full-scale confrontation, the Russians under General Mikhail Kutuzov burned everything behind them as they retreated deeper and deeper into Russia. On September 7, the indecisive Battle of Borodino was fought, in which both sides suffered terrible losses. On September 14, Napoleon arrived in Moscow intending to find supplies but instead found almost the entire population evacuated, and the Russian army retreated again. Early the next morning, fires broke across the city, set by Russian patriots, and the Grande Armee’s winter quarters were destroyed. After waiting a month for a surrender that never came, Napoleon, faced with the onset of the Russian winter, was forced to order his starving army out of Moscow.

During the disastrous retreat, Napoleon’s army suffered continual harassment from a suddenly aggressive and merciless Russian army. Stalked by hunger and the deadly lances of the Cossacks, the decimated army reached the Berezina River late in November, but found their way blocked by the Russians. On November 27, Napoleon forced a way across at Studenka, and when the bulk of his army passed the river two days later, he was forced to burn his makeshift bridges behind him, stranding some 10,000 stragglers on the other side. From there, the retreat became a rout, and on December 8 Napoleon left what remained of his army to return to Paris. Six days later, the Grande Armee finally escaped Russia, having suffered a loss of more than 400,000 men during the disastrous invasion.


Russians enjoy WWII victory parade

Victory Parade, 1945

On this day in 1945, Soviet troops parade past Red Square in celebration of their victory over Germany. As drums rolled, 200 soldiers performed a familiar ritual: They threw 200 German military banners at the foot of the Lenin Mausoleum. A little over 130 years earlier, victorious Russian troops threw Napoleon’s banners at the feet of Czar Alexander I.

Soviet soldiers with lowered standards of the defeated Nazi forces, Victory Day parade in Moscow, June 1945



This Day in History

History Channel


U.S. Air Force reports on Roswell

U.S. Air Force reports on RoswellOn this day in 1997, U.S. Air Force officials release a 231-page report dismissing long-standing claims of an alien spacecraft crash in Roswell, New Mexico, almost exactly 50 years earlier.

Public interest in Unidentified Flying Objects, or UFOs, began to flourish in the 1940s, when developments in space travel and the dawn of the atomic age caused many Americans to turn their attention to the skies. The town of Roswell, located near the Pecos River in southeastern New Mexico, became a magnet for UFO believers due to the strange events of early July 1947, when ranch foreman W.W. Brazel found a strange, shiny material scattered over some of his land. He turned the material over to the sheriff, who passed it on to authorities at the nearby Air Force base. On July 8, Air Force officials announced they had recovered the wreckage of a “flying disk.” A local newspaper put the story on its front page, launching Roswell into the spotlight of the public’s UFO fascination.

The Air Force soon took back their story, however, saying the debris had been merely a downed weather balloon. Aside from die-hard UFO believers, or “ufologists,” public interest in the so-called “Roswell Incident” faded until the late 1970s, when claims surfaced that the military had invented the weather balloon story as a cover-up. Believers in this theory argued that officials had in fact retrieved several alien bodies from the crashed spacecraft, which were now stored in the mysterious Area 51 installation in Nevada. Seeking to dispel these suspicions, the Air Force issued a 1,000-page report in 1994 stating that the crashed object was actually a high-altitude weather balloon launched from a nearby missile test-site as part of a classified experiment aimed at monitoring the atmosphere in order to detect Soviet nuclear tests.

On July 24, 1997, barely a week before the extravagant 50th anniversary celebration of the incident, the Air Force released yet another report on the controversial subject. Titled “The Roswell Report, Case Closed,” the document stated definitively that there was no Pentagon evidence that any kind of life form was found in the Roswell area in connection with the reported UFO sightings, and that the “bodies” recovered were not aliens but dummies used in parachute tests conducted in the region. Any hopes that this would put an end to the cover-up debate were in vain, as furious ufologists rushed to point out the report’s inconsistencies. With conspiracy theories still alive and well on the Internet, Roswell continues to thrive as a tourist destination for UFO enthusiasts far and wide, hosting the annual UFO Encounter Festival each July and welcoming visitors year-round to its International UFO Museum and Research Center.



Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:



Junio 24 se celebra…
  • 150º Aniversario de la fundación de la Cruz Roja.
  • Argentina y Chile: We Xipantu, Año Nuevo mapuche – Sudamérica.
  • Argentina, Departamento Caseros, Provincia de Santa Fe, Chañar Ladeado – Patrono “San Juan Bautista”.
  • Canadá: Fiesta Nacional de Ciudad de Quebec, en la provincia de Quebec.
  • España, Canarias, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria – Fiesta Patronal en honor a San Juan Bautista.
  • España, Castilla y León, Provincia de Palencia, Baños de Cerrato – Fiesta Patronal en honor a San Juan Bautista.
  • España, Castilla y León, Soria – Fiestas de San Juan.
  • España, Castilla-La Mancha, Palazuelos – Fiestas Patronales de San Juan Bautista.
  • España, Catalunya – Nit de Sant Joan con las “fogueres”
  • España, Comunidad de Madrid, Valdemorillo – Fiesta local en honor a San Juan.
  • España, Comunidad de Madrid, Venturada – Fiesta local en honor a San Juan.
  • España, Comunidad Valenciana, Alicante – Hogueras de San Juan.
  • España, País Vasco, Guipuzcoa, Éibar – Fiesta en honor a San Juan el Bautista
  • España, País Vasco, Guipuzcoa, Olaberria – Fiesta en honor a San Juan el Bautista
  • España, País Vasco, Guipuzcoa, Segura – Fiesta en honor a San Juan el Bautista
  • Perú, Cusco, Cusco, Día de la Ciudad Imperial del Cusco.
  • Perú, provincia de Chachapoyas, Chachapoyas, Distrito La Jalca – Festividad de San Juan Bautista.
  • Perú: Inti Raymi, Fiesta del Sol en Cusco.
  • Portugal, Distrito de Leiria, Figueiró dos Vinhos – Fiesta Municipal.
  • Portugal, Distrito de Lisboa, Lourinhã – Fiesta Municipal.
Junio 24 en la Historia del Mundo …
2009 Ampliación del ALBA-TCP, con la incorporación de Ecuador, San Vicente y las Granadinas y Antigua y Barbuda.
2007 Argentina: Elecciones en Buenos Aires: Mauricio Macri gana con el 61%,Daniel Filmus con 39%.
1998 España: Fue inaugurado el primer tramo de la línea 8 del Metro de Madrid.
1983 Sally Ride, primera mujer estadounidense en el espacio, regresa a la Tierra.
1963 España: Inauguración del Castillo de Montjuic como museo militar presidida por Franco.
1948 Guerra Fría: Comienza el Bloqueo de Berlín.
1912 México: Fundación de la Escuela Libre de Derecho
1910 Italia: Fundada ALFA, posteriormente Alfa Romeo
1854 México/Estados Unidos: La Mesilla es comprada por Estados Unidos.
1821 Venezuela: Se efectúa la Batalla de Carabobo que sella la independencia de Venezuela. Fue comandada por Simón Bolívar por parte del ejército Patriota y por el mariscal de campo Miguel de la Torre, en el ejército realista.
1596 México: Fundación de la ciudad de Villahermosa.
1571 Filipinas: Fundación de Manila por Miguel López de Legazpi.
1280 España: Sancho IV, hijo de Alfonso X, junto con las tropas de Abu Yusuf y los Banu Ashqilula consiguen llegar ante los mismos muros de Granada, donde son derrotados.
1128 Portugal: Alfonso Henriques derrota a su madre y a sus partidarios gallegos Trava, y se hace con el gobierno de Portugal. Independencia de facto de Portugal.
Nacimientos Notables en Junio 24 …
1987 Lionel Messi, futbolista argentino.
1986 Solange Knowles, cantante estadounidense.
1984 J.J. Redick,jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1982 Kevin Nolan, futbolista inglés.
1980 Cicinho, futbolista brasileño.
1978 Emppu Vuorinen, guitarrista finés (Nightwish).
1978 Juan Román Riquelme, futbolista argentino.
1978 Luís García, futbolista español.
1978 Shunsuke Nakamura, futbolista japonés.
1977 José Antonio Crespo, jugador de bádminton español.
1975 Carla Gallo, actriz estadounidense.
1973 Alexander Beyer, actor alemán.
1973 Robert Anthony Zak Jr, escritor estadounidense.
1972 Robbie McEwen, ciclista australiano.
1967 Iván Avalos Polo, futbolista peruano.
1967 Richard Z. Kruspe, (ex Berstein) guitarrista de la banda alemana Rammstein.
1967 Sherry Stringfield, actriz estadounidense.
1966 Adrienne Shelly, actriz estadounidense.
1963 Preki, ex-futbolista estadounidense.
1961 Curt Smith, vocalista británico (Tears for Fears).
1961 Iain Glen, actor escocés.
1958 Jean Charest, político canadiense.
1955 Betsy Randle, actriz estadounidense.
1950 Nancy Allen, acttriz estadounidense.
1949 John Illsley, bajista del grupo Dire Straits.
1948 Patrick Moraz, tecladista suizo (Yes).
1947 Peter Weller, actor estadounidense.
1946 Ellison Onizuka, astronauta estadounidense.
1945 Colin Blunstone, cantante británico(The Zombies).
1944 Jeff Beck, músico inglés (The Yardbirds)
1942 Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, presidente de Chile (1994-2000).
1942 Michele Lee, actriz estadounidense.
1942 Mick Fleetwood, guitarrista británico (Fleetwood Mac).
1941 Julia Kristeva, filósofa, psicoanalista y escritora francesa.
1938 Lawrence Block, escritor estadounidense.
1933 Sam Jones, jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1932 Antonio Chenel Albadalejo, Antoñete, torero español.
1932 Enriqueta Claver, actriz española.
1930 Claude Chabrol, cineasta francés.
1927 Martin Lewis Perl, físico estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Física en 1995.
1925 Antonio Prats Ventos, pintor y escultor hispano-dominicano.
1915 Sir Fred Hoyle, astrofísico y escritor británico.
1914 Luis Sánchez Agesta, jurista, catedrático y académico español.
1911 Ernesto Sábato, novelista y ensayista argentino.
1911 Juan Manuel Fangio, piloto de Fórmula 1 argentino.
1908 Hugo Distler, compositor alemán.
1897 Hermann Busch, violonchelista alemán.
1895 Jack Dempsey, boxeador estadounidense.
1888 Gerrit Rietveld, arquitecto y diseñador holandés.
1883 Jean Metzinger, pintor francés.
1883 Victor Franz Hess, físico austríaco, premio Nobel de Física en 1936.
1867 J. Gordon Edwards, director de cine en la época del cine mudo.
1860 María de las Mercedes de Orleans, reina consorte de España en 1878.
1850 Horatio Herbert Kitchener, militar y político británico de origen irlandés.
1842 Ambrose Bierce, escritor satírico estadounidense.
1819 Juan Pablo Sanz-García Correa, arquitecto, pintor y tipógrafo ecuatoriano.
1803 Juan Bravo Murillo, político español, presidente del Consejo de Ministros de España (1851-1852)
1795 Ernst Heinrich Weber, psicólogo y anatomista alemán.
1772 Juan Larrea, emigrante español, creador de la primera escuadra argentina.
1600 Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, obispo y virrey de México.
1542 San Juan de la Cruz, santo carmelita y poeta místico.
1535 Juana de Austria, madre del rey portugués Sebastián I.
1485 Johannes Bugenhagen, reformador aleman
1360 Nuno Álvares Pereira, beato, condestable de Portugal. (†1431)
1343 Juana de Francia, hija de Juan II de Francia (Juan el Bueno). (†1373).
1170 Domingo de Guzmán, santo fundador de la Orden de Predicadores (dominicos).
Fallecimientos Notables en Junio 24 …
2009 Alicia Delgado, cantante folklorica peruana (n. 1959).
2009 Andrés Cascioli, humorista y dibujante argentino (n. 1936).
2008 Leonid Hurwicz, economista estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Economía en 2007 (n. 1917).
2007 Chris Benoit, exluchador de la WWE
2006 Joaquín Jordá, actor y director español.
2004 Carl Rakosi, poeta estadounidense.
2003 Luis Jiménez Martos, poeta español.
2002 Pierre Werner, político luxemburgués.
2000 Rodrigo Bueno, cantante argentino.
1991 Rufino Tamayo, pintor mexicano.
1988 Juan Manuel Díaz Caneja, pintor español.
1987 Jackie Gleason, actor estadounidense.
1983 Jesús Prados Arrarte, economista y profesor español.
1960 Rafael Zabaleta, pintor español.
1959 Alfredo Mario Ferreiro, escritor uruguayo.
1957 Frantisek Kupka, pintor checoslovaco.
1945 José Gutiérrez Solana, pintor español.
1935 Carlos Gardel, cantante de tangos (nacionalidad discutida).
1908 Grover Cleveland, 22º y 24º presidente de los EE.UU. durante 1885–1889 y 1893–1897.
1882 Joachim Raff, compositor germano-suizo.
1875 Henri Labrouste, arquitecto francés.
1835 Tomás de Zumalacárregui, militar español, general en la Primera Guerra Carlista.
1554 Feliciano de Silva, escritor español.
1537 Pedro de Mendoza, conquistador español.
1519 Lucrecia Borgia, de la Familia Borgia, representante del maquiavelismo. (1480-1519).
1322 Mateo I Visconti, noble y gobernante de Milán.
0803 Higbaldo de Lindisfarne, Obispo de Lindisfarne durante (780-803)


History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1997 U.S. Air Force reports on Roswell
  • American Revolution

  • 1803 New Hampshire Patriot Matthew Thornton dies
  • Automotive

  • 1966 Senate passes landmark auto safety bill
  • Civil War

  • 1862 Lincoln consults Winfield Scott
  • Cold War

  • 1948 Soviets blockade West Berlin
  • Crime

  • 1993 Mail bomb injures Yale professor
  • Disaster

  • 1975 Eastern Flight 66 crashes at J.F.K.
  • General Interest

  • 1675 King Philip’s War begins
  • 1812 Napoleon’s Grande Armee invades Russia
  • 1901 Picasso exhibited in Paris
  • 1973 Eamon de Valera resigns
  • Hollywood

  • 2005 Tom Cruise raises eyebrows
  • Literary

  • 1935 Pete Hamill is born
  • Music

  • 1997 Disney pulls album on release day
  • Old West

  • 1864 Colorado Governor orders Indians to Sand Creek
  • Presidential

  • 1885 Woodrow Wilson marries Ellen Axson in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1953 Jacqueline Bouvier and Senator John F. Kennedy announce engagement
  • Sports

  • 1995 Mandela cheers on South African rugby team
  • Vietnam War

  • 1970 Senate repeals Tonkin Gulf Resolution
  • 1973 Martin becomes the U.S. ambassador in Saigon
  • World War I

  • 1915 First operational flight of new German fighter plane
  • World War II

  • 1945 Russians enjoy a victory parade



Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 


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“La historia es en realidad el registro de crímenes, locuras y adversidades de la humanidad” (E. Gibbon)