Junio 19 en la Historia | bambinoides.com
Domingo 18 Junio, 2017 19:50

Junio 19 en la Historia

‘God’s banker’ found hanged; Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed; Father’s Day first celebrated in the U.S.; The event behind ‘Juneteenth’; Author Salman Rushdie born; NBA draft pick Len Bias dies; Entertainer Paula Adbul born.

Hoy en la Historia,

Junio 19

en la Historia,

Today in History,

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BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred”

1982:

‘God’s banker’ found hanged

The body of a top Italian banker has been found hanging from Blackfriars Bridge in London.

Blackfriars Bridge, London

Roberto Calvi was found dead under Blackfriars Bridge in London last night

 

Known as God’s banker for his links with the Vatican, 62-year-old Roberto Calvi was the chairman of Banco Ambrosiano in Milan and a central figure in a complex web of international fraud and intrigue.

He had been missing for the last nine days before his body was discovered by a passer-by hanging from scaffolding on a riverside walk under the bridge.

Police are treating the death as suicide.

Jail sentence

Mr Calvi became chairman of Banco Ambrosiano, now Italy’s largest private bank, in 1975 and built up a vast financial empire.

In 1978, a report by the Bank of Italy on Ambrosiano concluded that several billion lire had been illegally exported.

Roberto Calvi. – Claims have been made that factors in Calvi’s death were the Vatican Bank, Banco Ambrosiano’s main shareholder; the Mafia, which may have used Banco Ambrosiano for money laundering; and the Propaganda Due or P2 clandestine Masonic Lodge. (Wikipedia)

In May 1981, Mr Calvi was arrested, found guilty, and sentenced to four years’ imprisonment, but released pending an appeal. During his short spell in jail he attempted suicide.

Mr Calvi was due to appear in an Italian court next week to appeal against this conviction.

Later this month he was to be tried for alleged fraud involving property deals with Sicilian banker Michele Sindona, who is himself serving 25 years in America over the collapse of the Franklin National Bank in New York in 1974.

The Vatican is directly linked to Mr Calvi by Archbishop Paul Marcinkus, the Pope’s bodyguard, a governor of the Vatican and head of the Vatican bank which has a shareholding in Ambrosiano.

Missing millions

Now Ambrosiano is on the verge of collapse amid press reports that investigators found a £400m “hole” in its accounts. Last week the bank’s executive board decided to strip Mr Calvi of his authority.

The Italian Treasury dissolved the bank’s administration and the Bank of Italy is now a temporary commissioner.

Mr Calvi fled to Venice nine days ago after shaving his moustache to avoid being recognised.

From there it seems he hired a private plane to take him to London.

The day before he was found dead, his secretary committed suicide in Milan by jumping off the fourth floor of the bank’s headquarters.

Teresa Corrocher, aged 55, left an angry suicide note condemning her boss for the damage she said he had done to Ambrosiano and its employees.

In Context

It was later revealed that Roberto Calvi was found with five bricks in his pockets and had in his possession about $14,000 in three different currencies.On 23 July an inquest jury returned a verdict of suicide. This was overturned in 1983 when a second inquest delivered an open verdict on the death.

In October 2002 forensic experts appointed by Italian judges concluded that the banker had been murdered.

They said his neck showed no evidence of the injuries usually associated with death by hanging and his hands had never touched the stones found in the pockets of his clothes. American Archbishop Paul Marcinkus was sought for questioning but was granted immunity as a Vatican employee. He retired in 1990 and died in 2006.

In October 2005 five people went on trial in Rome. They were Sardinian financier Flavio Carboni, his former girlfriend Manuela Kleinszig, Roman entrepreneur Ernesto Diotallevi, Calvi’s former bodyguard, Silvano Vittor and convicted Cosa Nostra treasurer Pippo Calo.

They were acquitted in June 2007.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

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This Day in History

History Channel

1953

Rosenbergs executed

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg_3

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg_1On this day in 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviets, are executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. Both refused to admit any wrongdoing and proclaimed their innocence right up to the time of their deaths, by the electric chair. The Rosenbergs were the first U.S. citizens to be convicted and executed for espionage during peacetime and their case remains controversial to this day.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg_2Julius Rosenberg was an engineer for the U.S. Army Signal Corps who was born in New York on May 12, 1918. His wife, born Ethel Greenglass, also in New York, on September 28, 1915, worked as a secretary. The couple met as members of the Young Communist League, married in 1939 and had two sons. Julius Rosenberg was arrested on suspicion of espionage on June 17, 1950, and accused of heading a spy ring that passed top-secret information concerning the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. Ethel was arrested two months later. The Rosenbergs were implicated by David Greenglass, Ethel’s younger brother and a former army sergeant and machinist at Los Alamos, the secret atomic bomb lab in New Mexico. Greenglass, who himself had confessed to providing nuclear secrets to the Soviets through an intermediary, testified against his sister and brother-in-law in court. He later served 10 years in prison.

The Rosenbergs vigorously protested their innocence, but after a brief trial that began on March 6, 1951, and attracted much media attention, the couple was convicted. On April 5, 1951, a judge sentenced them to death and the pair was taken to Sing Sing to await execution.

During the next two years, the couple became the subject of both national and international debate. Some people believed that the Rosenbergs were the victims of a surge of hysterical anti-communist feeling in the United States, and protested that the death sentence handed down was cruel and unusual punishment. Many Americans, however, believed that the Rosenbergs had been dealt with justly. They agreed with President Dwight D. Eisenhower when he issued a statement declining to invoke executive clemency for the pair. He stated, “I can only say that, by immeasurably increasing the chances of atomic war, the Rosenbergs may have condemned to death tens of millions of innocent people all over the world. The execution of two human beings is a grave matter. But even graver is the thought of the millions of dead whose deaths may be directly attributable to what these spies have done.”

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Junio 19 se celebra…
  • Argelia – Día de la Revolución
  • Estados Unidos – Juneteenth: conmemorando la emancipación de los esclavos de Texas en 1865.
  • Uruguay, Día del Abuelo, relacionado con el Natalicio de Artigas.
  • Uruguay, Natalicio de Artigas, recordando el nacimiento de José Gervasio Artigas, prócer máximo del país.
  • Uruguay, Nunca Más, recordando a las víctimas caídas durante la dictadura militar iniciada tras el golpe de Estado del 27 de junio de 1973.
Junio 19 en la Historia del Mundo …
2009 Eduardo Puelles, inspector de la policía nacional española dedicado a la lucha contra el terrorismo en el País Vasco, es asesinado con una bomba lapa colocada en su coche por el grupo ETA.
2009 El papa Benedicto XVI convoca un Año Sacerdotal con ocasión del 150.º aniversario del fallecimiento del santo cura de Ars, Juan María Vianney.
2007 En Uruguay se conmemora el día del “Nunca más” proclamado por el presidente Tabaré Vázquez y cuyo cometido es “Nunca más uruguayos contra uruguayos”.
2005 Se da inicio a la Ruta Quetzal BBVA 2005.
1999 La ciudad italiana de Turín es elegida como sede de los Juegos Olímpicos de invierno de 2006.
1996 Es anunciado en Buenos Aires, Argentina la variante del ajedrez conocida como Ajedrez aleatorio de Fischer.
1987 España: Atentado terrorista de ETA en el Hipercor de Barcelona, con el resultado de 21 muertos y unos 40 heridos.
1982 El Salvador: Un terremoto de 7º en la escala de Richter afecta a una cuarta parte del territorio y causa varios muertos y graves pérdidas materiales.
1980 Se firma el Convenio de Roma sobre obligaciones contractuales en la Comunidad Económica Europea.
1978 Nace la tira cómica Garfield.
1961 Kuwait declara su independencia del Reino Unido.
1944 Primer matrimonio de Norma Jean Baker, conocida más tarde como Marilyn Monroe.
1870 Los Estados Confederados de América dejan de existir, tras la readmisión de los estados del sur en los Estados Unidos.
1867 México: El emperador Maximiliano I (Mexico) es fusilado en Querétaro.
1846 Estados Unidos: Se juega el primer partido de béisbol, en Nueva Jersey.
1824 El Segundo Congreso Mexicano decreta la libertad de los esclavos.
1509 España: Real Cédula de los Reyes Católicos mandando fundar la villa de Casabermeja (Málaga).
Nacimientos Notables en Junio 19 …
1975 Pedro Munitis, futbolista español.
1972 Robin Tunney, actriz estadounidense.
1971 Eva Isanta, actriz española.
1970 Brian Welch, guitarrista estadounidense (Korn).
1969 Alejandro Silva, guitarrista solista chileno.
1957 Anna Lindh, política socialdemócrata sueca.
1954 Kathleen Turner, actriz estadounidense.
1953 Larry Dunn, músico estadounidense (Earth, Wind & Fire).
1951 Francesco Moser, ciclista italiano.
1948 Nick Drake, cantautor folk británico.
1947 Salman Rushdie, escritor indo-británico.
1945 Aung San Suu Kyi, política birmana, premio Nobel de la Paz 1991.
1935 Rodrigo Borja Cevallos, político ecuatoriano.
1932 Anna María Pierangeli, “Pier Angeli”, actriz italiana.
1923 Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti, militar, presidente de Paraguay (1989-1993).
1922 Álvaro Delgado, pintor español.
1919 Louis Jourdan, actor de cine francés.
1911 José Antonio Domínguez Salazar, arquitecto, profesor y académico español.
1910 Paul John Flory, químico estadounidense, premio Nobel de Química en 1974.
1906 Ernst Boris Chain, bioquímico alemán, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1945.
1903 Lou Gehrig, beisbolista estadounidense.
1898 Alfonso Orantes, poeta guatemalteco.
1897 Moe Howard, actor y comediante estadounidense.
1889 Luis Jiménez de Asúa, penalista y político español.
1861 José Rizal, médico, escritor y héroe nacional filipino.
1782 Félicité Robert de Lamennais, filósofo y teólogo francés.
1764 José Gervasio Artigas, caudillo de la independencia de Uruguay.
1754 Manuel de Salas, destacado educador y patriota chileno.
1728 Andrés Antonio Almonaster y Rojas, político español.
1688 Nader Sha, rey de Persia (1736-1747).
1623 Blas Pascal, matemático francés.
1566 Jacobo I, rey de Inglaterra e Irlanda (1603-1625) y de Escocia (1567-1625).
Fallecimientos Notables en Junio 19 …
2009 Alberto Andrade, abogado y político peruano (n. 1943).
2009 Eduardo Puelles García, policía nacional español (n. 1960).
2009 Tomoji Tanabe, supercentenario japonés (n. 1895).
2009 Vicente Ferrer Moncho, filántropo español (n. 1920).
2007 Antonio Aguilar, Cantante mexicano.
2007 El Fary, Cantante español.
2007 Enrique Canales, Analista político, pintor y escultor Mexicano.
1997 Bobby Helms, cantante estadounidense.
1994 Lauro Olmo, dramaturgo español.
1993 William Golding, escritor británico, premio Nobel de Literatura en 1983.
1991 Jean Arthur, actriz estadounidense.
1985 Alfonso Orantes, poeta guatemalteco.
1981 Lotte Reiniger, directora de cine alemana.
1980 Torcuato Fernández-Miranda y Hevia, político español.
1966 Ed Wynn, actor estadounidense.
1962 Frank Borzage, director de cine estadounidense.
1956 Thomas John Watson, empresario norteamericano fundador de IBM.
1953 Ethel y Julius Rosenberg, espías estadounidenses.
1941 Agustín Edwards Mac-Clure, escritor y político chileno.
1938 Luis González Obregón, historiador mexicano.
1937 James Matthew Barrie, novelista y dramaturgo británico, Peter Pan.
1924 Juan Comba, dibujante español en periódicos ilustrados.
1921 Ramón López Velarde, poeta mexicano.
1902 Federico Augusto, rey de Sajonia.
1900 Salvador Camacho Roldán, periodista colombiano.
1884 Juan Bautista Alberdi, político y escritor argentino.
1867 Maximiliano I, emperador de México (1864-1867).
1844 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, naturalista francés.
1747 Alessandro Marcello, compositor veneciano.
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1953 Rosenbergs executed
  • Automotive

  • 2005 Controversy at U.S. Grand Prix
  • Civil War

  • 1864 USS Kearsarge sinks CSS Alabama
  • Cold War

  • 1953 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed
  • Crime

  • 1892 A bloody fingerprint elicits a mother’s evil tale in Argentina
  • Disaster

  • 1938 Montana flood causes train wreck
  • General Interest

  • 1856 First Republican national convention ends
  • 1864 CSS Alabama sinks off coast of France
  • 1867 Emperor of Mexico executed
  • Hollywood

  • 1905 First nickelodeon opens
  • 2013 James Gandolfini, TV’s Tony Soprano, dies at 51
  • Literary

  • 1934 Nathanael West’s A Cool Million is published
  • Music

  • 1970 Carole King has her first #1 hit as a performer
  • Old West

  • 1868 Father De Smet talks peace with Sitting Bull
  • Presidential

  • 1886 Taft marries Helen Herron
  • Sports

  • 1972 Curt Flood case decided
  • Vietnam War

  • 1965 Ky becomes premier of South Vietnam
  • 1968 South Vietnamese president signs general mobilization bill
  • World War I

  • 1917 Britain’s King George V changes royal surname
  • World War II

  • 1944 United States scores major victory against Japanese in Battle of the Philippine Sea
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia

 


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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(Media - Bambinoides)


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