Junio 18 en la Historia | bambinoides.com
Sábado 17 Junio, 2017 19:45

Junio 18 en la Historia

G. Washington gets international help during the revolution; The War of 1812 begins – The White House is burned; Churchill rallies Britain in World War II; Napoleon beaten at Battle of Waterloo; Anti-capitalism demo turns violent; Amelia Earhart crosses the Atlantic; Sally Ride becomes America’s first woman in space; Ex-Beatle Paul McCartney born.


 

Hoy en la Historia,

Junio 18

en la Historia,

Today in History,

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BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred”

1999:

Anti-capitalism demo turns violent

Police and protesters have clashed at a demonstration against capitalism in the centre of London’s financial district.The rally was timed to coincide with the start of a summit of the world’s richest countries in Germany.

Police during demonstration

Police said they were attacked with stones and bottles

More than 4,000 people took to the streets of London in protest at the burden of debt owed by the world’s poorest countries to the Group of Eight nations.

They were joined by about 300 cyclists, who disrupted traffic by riding slowly into the city centre, carrying banners.

But what began as a peaceful gathering became violent after a small crowd of demonstrators began attacking buildings and smashing windows.

Some protesters vented their anger on the Liffe Building, which forms part of the London Stock Exchange.

Massive clear-up

One group managed to break into the building but a safety shield was activated, preventing them from reaching the trading floor.

Police said they were attacked with stones and bottles. One woman was taken to hospital with suspected concussion and a broken leg after she was hit by a police van.

At least 42 protesters and four police officers have been injured. A number of arrests have been made and the violence is now said to be largely under control.

A massive clear-up operation will shortly be underway, as well as an investigation into the violence.

The London rally had been timed to coincide with other protests around the world.

German police were expecting up to 100,000 demonstrators to protest in Cologne, where the summit was being held, and call for the debt of the world’s poorest countries to be cancelled.

In Context

On the day 16 people were arrested for offences including criminal damage and assault.One website sympathetic to the activists’ aims described the event as a protest against “an economy that puts money, growth and the ‘free market’ above everything else, leading to poverty, the Third World Debt and environmental destruction.”

In the House of Commons Home Secretary Jack Straw condemned the “deplorable outbreak of public disorder and violence”.

Billed as a Carnival Against Capitalism, the City of London protest marked the first in a series of major anti-capitalist demonstrations in central London.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

 1778

British abandon Philadelphia

On this day in 1778, after almost nine months of occupation, 15,000 British troops under General Sir Henry Clinton evacuate Philadelphia, the former U.S. capital.

The British had captured Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, following General George Washington’s defeats at the Battle of Brandywine and the Battle of the Clouds. British General William Howe had made Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress, the focus of his campaign, but the Patriot government had deprived him of the decisive victory he hoped for by moving its operations to the more secure site of York one week before the city was taken.

While Howe and the British officer corps spent the winter enjoying the luxury of Philadelphia’s finest homes, the Continental Army froze and suffered appalling deprivation at Valley Forge.  Fortunately for the Patriots, an infusion of capable European strategists, including the Prussian Baron von Steuben; the Frenchmen Marquis de Lafayette and Johann, Baron de Kalb; and Poles Thaddeus Kosciuszko and Casimir, Count Pulaski, aided Washington in the creation of a well-drilled, professional force capable of fighting the British.

The British position in Philadelphia became untenable after France’s entrance into the war on the side of the Americans. To avoid the French fleet, General Clinton was forced to lead his British-Hessian force to New York City by land. Loyalists in the city sailed down the Delaware River to escape the Patriots, who returned to Philadelphia the day after the British departure. U.S. General Benedict Arnold, who led the force that reclaimed the city without bloodshed, was appointed military governor. On June 24, the Continental Congress returned to the city from its temporary quarters at York, Pennsylvania.

1815

Napoleon defeated at Waterloo

At Waterloo in Belgium, Napoleon Bonaparte suffers defeat at the hands of the Duke of Wellington, bringing an end to the Napoleonic era of European history.

The Corsica-born Napoleon, one of the greatest military strategists in history, rapidly rose in the ranks of the French Revolutionary Army during the late 1790s. By 1799, France was at war with most of Europe, and Napoleon returned home from his Egyptian campaign to take over the reigns of the French government and save his nation from collapse. After becoming first consul in February 1800, he reorganized his armies and defeated Austria. In 1802, he established the Napoleonic Code, a new system of French law, and in 1804 was crowned emperor of France in Notre Dame Cathedral. By 1807, Napoleon controlled an empire that stretched from the River Elbe in the north, down through Italy in the south, and from the Pyrenees to the Dalmatian coast.

Beginning in 1812, Napoleon began to encounter the first significant defeats of his military career, suffering through a disastrous invasion of Russia, losing Spain to the Duke of Wellington in the Peninsula War, and enduring total defeat against an allied force by 1814. Exiled to the island of Elba in the Mediterranean, he escaped to France in early 1815 and set up a new regime. As allied troops mustered on the French frontiers, he raised a new Grand Army and marched into Belgium. He intended to defeat the allied armies one by one before they could launch a united attack.

On June 16, 1815, he defeated the Prussians under Gebhard Leberecht von Blucher at Ligny, and sent 33,000 men, or about one-third of his total force, in pursuit of the retreating Prussians. On June 18, Napoleon led his remaining 72,000 troops against the Duke of Wellington’s 68,000-man allied army, which had taken up a strong position 12 miles south of Brussels near the village of Waterloo. In a fatal blunder, Napoleon waited until mid-day to give the command to attack in order to let the ground dry. The delay in fighting gave Blucher’s troops, who had eluded their pursuers, time to march to Waterloo and join the battle by the late afternoon.

In repeated attacks, Napoleon failed to break the center of the allied center. Meanwhile, the Prussians gradually arrived and put pressure on Napoleon’s eastern flank. At 6 p.m., the French under Marshal Michel Ney managed to capture a farmhouse in the allied center and began decimating Wellington’s troops with artillery. Napoleon, however, was preoccupied with the 30,000 Prussians attacking his flank and did not release troops to aid Ney’s attack until after 7 p.m. By that time, Wellington had reorganized his defenses, and the French attack was repulsed. Fifteen minutes later, the allied army launched a general advance, and the Prussians attacked in the east, throwing the French troops into panic and then a disorganized retreat. The Prussians pursued the remnants of the French army, and Napoleon left the field. French casualties in the Battle of Waterloo were 25,000 men killed and wounded and 9,000 captured, while the allies lost about 23,000.

Napoleon returned to Paris and on June 22 abdicated in favor of his son. He decided to leave France before counterrevolutionary forces could rally against him, and on July 15 he surrendered to British protection at the port of Rochefort. He hoped to travel to the United States, but the British instead sent him to Saint Helena, a remote island in the Atlantic off the coast of Africa. Napoleon protested but had no choice but to accept the exile. With a group of followers, he lived quietly on St. Helena for six years. In May 1821, he died, most likely of stomach cancer. He was only 51 years old. In 1840, his body was returned to Paris, and a magnificent funeral was held. Napoleon’s body was conveyed through the Arc de Triomphe and entombed under the dome of the Invalides.

Few failed to recognise Churchill

Few failed to recognise Churchill's part in Britain's survival and victory. But after six years of war, people wanted more than just a return to the old order. They wanted reform and reconstruction of Britain. On 26 July 1945, Churchill learned that he and the Unionists (Conservatives) had been rejected by the people. Labour, under Clement Attlee, would govern Britain in the immediate post-war world.
Few failed to recognise Churchill’s part in Britain’s survival and victory. But after six years of war, people wanted more than just a return to the old order. They wanted reform and reconstruction of Britain. On 26 July 1945, Churchill learned that he and the Unionists (Conservatives) had been rejected by the people. Labour, under Clement Attlee, would govern Britain in the immediate post-war world.
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This Day in History

History Channel

1812

War of 1812 begins – The White House is burned

Reconstruction of the White House began in 1815 and finished in 1817

The day after the Senate followed the House of Representatives in voting to declare war against Great Britain, President James Madison signs the declaration into law–and the War of 1812 begins. The American war declaration, opposed by a sizable minority in Congress, had been called in response to the British economic blockade of France, the induction of American seaman into the British Royal Navy against their will, and the British support of hostile Indian tribes along the Great Lakes frontier. A faction of Congress known as the “War Hawks” had been advocating war with Britain for several years and had not hidden their hopes that a U.S. invasion of Canada might result in significant territorial land gains for the United States.

In the months after President Madison proclaimed the state of war to be in effect, American forces launched a three-point invasion of Canada, all of which were decisively unsuccessful. In 1814, with Napoleon Bonaparte’s French Empire collapsing, the British were able to allocate more military resources to the American war, and Washington, D.C., fell to the British in August. In Washington, British troops burned the White House, the Capitol, and other buildings in retaliation for the earlier burning of government buildings in Canada by U.S. soldiers.

In September, the tide of the war turned when Thomas Macdonough’s American naval force won a decisive victory at the Battle of Plattsburg Bay on Lake Champlain. The invading British army was forced to retreat back into Canada. The American victory on Lake Champlain led to the conclusion of U.S.-British peace negotiations in Belgium, and on December 24, 1814, the Treaty of Ghent was signed, formally ending the War of 1812. By the terms of the agreement, all conquered territory was to be returned, and a commission would be established to settle the boundary of the United States and Canada.

British forces assailing the Gulf Coast were not informed of the treaty in time, and on January 8, 1815, the U.S. forces under Andrew Jackson achieved the greatest American victory of the war at the Battle of New Orleans. The American public heard of Jackson’s victory and the Treaty of Ghent at approximately the same time, fostering a greater sentiment of self-confidence and shared identity throughout the young republic.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Junio 18 se celebra…
  • Venezuela: Día del padre.
Junio 18 en la Historia del Mundo …
2006 En España se aprueba la reforma del Estatuto de Cataluña.
2004 En la Unión Europea, los países miembros aprueban el proyecto de la Constitución Europea (formalmente llamado: «Tratado por el que se instituye la Constitución para Europa»)
1979 Estados Unidos y la URSS firman el tratado SALT II.
1967 Jimi Hendrix quemó su guitarra en el escenario en el Monterey Pop Festival.
1815 Batalla de Waterloo.
1812 Estados Unidos declara la guerra al Reino Unido.
1811 En Uruguay, se libra la batalla de las Piedras.
1195 En la batalla de Alarcos (España), Yaqub al-Mansur, califa de Al-Andalus, inflige a los cristianos una formidable derrota.
Nacimientos Notables en Junio 18 …
1986 Andrei Volokitin, ajedrecista ucraniano.
1986 Richard Gasquet, tenista francés.
1978 Daniel Brühl, actor hispano-alemán.
1978 Luca Dirisio, cantautor italiano.
1968 Alejandro Báez, escritor mexicano.
1968 Ana Duato, actriz española.
1961 Alison Moyet, cantautora inglesa.
1952 Isabella Rossellini, actriz y modelo italiana.
1946 Fabio Capello, futbolista y entrenador italiano.
1946 Maria Bethânia, cantante brasileña.
1943 Raffaella Carrá, cantante y presentadora de TV italiana.
1942 Paul McCartney, músico británico, The Beatles.
1942 Roger Ebert, crítico cinematográfico estadounidense.
1942 Thabo Mbeki, Presidente de Sudáfrica. (1999-)
1941 María Teresa Campos, periodista española.
1935 Sergio Vilar, escritor español.
1931 Fernando Henrique Cardoso, sociólogo y profesor, presidente de Brasil (1995-2003).
1929 André Ricard, diseñador industrial español.
1929 Jürgen Habermas, sociólogo y filósofo alemán.
1926 Allan R. Sandage, astrónomo estadounidense.
1926 Jesús de la Serna, periodista español.
1924 George Mikan, jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1916 Julio César Turbay Ayala, político colombiano.
1914 Efraín Huerta, poeta mexicano.
1913 Sammy Cahn, compositor estadounidense.
1910 E. G. Marshall, actor estadounidense.
1907 Jeanette MacDonald, cantante y actriz estadounidense.
1901 Anastasia Romanova, gran duquesa de Rusia.
1893 Carlos Blanco Soler, endocrinólogo español.
1888 Margarita Xirgu, actriz española.
1882 Ígor Stravinski, compositor ruso.
1877 James Montgomery Flagg, ilustrador estadounidense.
1868 Nicolás de Horthy, político húngaro
1866 Marceliano Santa María, pintor español.
1854 Edward Wyllis Scripps, periodista estadounidense.
1845 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, médico francés, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1907.
1815 George Elliot, industrial británico.
1812 Iván Goncharov, novelista ruso.
1808 Manuel María Mallarino, político y escritor colombiano.
1788 Carl Sigismund Kunth, botánico alemán.
1757 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, político argentino, director de las Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata (1814-1815)
1677 Antonio Maria Bononcini, compositor italiano.
1673 Antonio de Literes, compositor español.
1570 Joan Pau Pujol, compositor y organista español.
1466 Ottaviano de Petrucci, impresor italiano.
Fallecimientos Notables en Junio 18 …
2009 Giovanni Arrighi, sociólogo y economista italiano (n. 1937).
2009 Hortensia Bussi, primera dama chilena (n. 1914).
2009 José Ignacio García Hamilton, historiador argentino (n. 1943).
2008 Jean Delannoy, cineasta y centenario francés (n. 1908).
2007 Gianfranco Ferré, diseñador italiano. (n. 1944) … 63 años.
2007 Pablo Estramín, cantante uruguayo … 47 años.
2007 Vilma Espín, política cubana y mujer de Raúl Castro. (n. 1930) … 77 años.
2005 Manuel Sadosky, matemático argentino.
2004 Sara Lidman, escritora sueca.
1993 Juan María Pérez-Tabernero, ganadero taurino español.
1993 William Golding, escritor británico.
1986 Joan Oliver, Pere Quart, poeta español.
1985 Xuan Thuy, político vietnamita.
1982 Curd Jurgens, actor alemán.
1982 John Cheever, escritor estadounidense.
1980 Terence Fisher, director de cine británico.
1974 Georgi Zhúkov, militar y político soviético.
1974 Júlio César de Mello e Souza, escritor brasileño.
1971 Paul Karrer, químico suizo, premio Nobel de Química en 1937.
1963 Pedro Armendáriz, actor mexicano.
1963 Roberto Ledesma, poeta y periodista argentino.
1959 Ethel Barrymore, actriz de cine y teatro estadounidense.
1937 Gaston Doumergue, estadista francés.
1928 Roald Amundsen, explorador noruego.
1924 Eduardo Acevedo Díaz, escritor y político uruguayo.
1916 Helmth Moltke, militar alemán, jefe del Estado Mayor en la Primera Guerra Mundial.
1902 Samuel Butler, escritor británico.
1897 Eloy Gonzalo, militar español.
1888 Sergio Arboleda de Pombo, escritor y político colombiano.
1844 Juan Bautista Alberdi, escritor y pensador argentino.
1772 Gerard van Swieten, médico austriaco de origen holandés.
1704 Tom Brown, traductor y escritor de sátira inglés.
1649 Juan Martínez Montañés, escultor e imaginero español.
1234 Emperador Chukyo del Japón 1291 – Alfonso III, rey de Aragón (1285-1291).
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1812 War of 1812 begins
  • American Revolution

  • 1778 British abandon Philadelphia
  • Automotive

  • 1923 Checker Cab produces first taxi at Kalamazoo factory
  • Civil War

  • 1864 Union hero Joshua Chamberlain is wounded at Petersburg
  • Cold War

  • 1979 Carter and Brezhnev sign the SALT-II treaty
  • Crime

  • 1984 A radio host is gunned down for his controversial views
  • Disaster

  • 1972 Mysterious crash at Heathrow
  • General Interest

  • 1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo
  • 1983 First American woman in space
  • Hollywood

  • 1942 Film critic Roger Ebert born
  • Literary

  • 1937 Novelist Gail Godwin is born
  • Music

  • 1967 The Monterey Pop Festival reaches its climax
  • Old West

  • 1847 Alexander Murray departs for the Yukon
  • Presidential

  • 1798 Adams passes first of Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Sports

  • 1960 Arnold Palmer wins U.S. Open
  • Vietnam War

  • 1965 SAC B-52s are used for the first time in South Vietnam
  • 1966 Westmoreland requests more troops
  • World War I

  • 1915 French troops halt fighting in Artois region
  • World War II

  • 1940 Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia

 


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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(Media - Bambinoides)


The views expressed are not necessarily those of the publisher or bambinoides.com. Images accompanying posts are either owned by the author of said post or are in the public domain and included by the publisher of the blog bambinoides.com on its initiative.

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