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Junio 17 en la Historia

The Watergate scandal begins to unfold; IRA bombs parliament; The Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolution; Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor; O.J. Simpson arrested in the slayings of his ex-wife Nicole and Ronald Goldman; Singer Kate Smith dies.

Hoy en la Historia,

Junio 17

en la Historia,

Today in History,


BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred”


IRA bombs parliament

A bomb has exploded at the Houses of Parliament, causing extensive damage and injuring 11 people.

The scene at Westminster

There is said to be “considerable” damage

The IRA said it planted the 20 lb (9.1 kg) device which exploded at about 0828 BST in a corner of Westminster Hall.

The explosion is suspected to have fractured a gas main and a fierce fire spread quickly through the centuries-old hall in one of Britain’s most closely-guarded buildings.

Scotland Yard detectives have said they fear this attack could herald the start of a new summer offensive by the dissident Irish group on government buildings.


No one expected in those days the House of Commons would be a target – security was extremely casual
Former Labour MP Tam Dalyell’s account »

A man with an Irish accent telephoned the Press Association with a warning only six minutes before the explosion. Police said a recognised IRA codeword was given.Although officers were not able to completely clear the palace before the bomb went off, most of the injured were only slightly hurt.

Leader of the Commons Edward Short announced a review of security procedures would begin immediately, but he said the attack would not disrupt parliamentary business or intimidate MPs.

Liberal Chief Whip David Steel was in the building when the device detonated and told the BBC the damage looked considerable.

“I looked through Westminster Hall and the whole hall was filled with dust. A few minutes later it was possible to see flames shooting up through the windows,” he said.

In Context

1974 was one of the deadliest years in the IRA’s mainland bombing campaign.In February a bomb exploded on a coach carrying soldiers on the M62, killing 12 people.

A further 26 people died later in the year in attacks on the Tower of London and on pubs in Guilford and Birmingham.

The last Provisional IRA attack on the British mainland was in 1996, but extremist splinter groups have carried out bombings since then.



Images from Today’s History:


Associated Press

History Channel



This Day in History

History Channel


Nixon’s re-election employees are arrested for burglary


Five burglars are arrested in the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office and apartment complex in Washington, D.C. James McCord, Frank Sturgis, Bernard Barker, Virgilio Gonzalez, and Eugenio Martinez were apprehended in the early morning after a security guard at the Watergate noticed that several doors leading from the stairwell to various hallways had been taped to prevent them from locking. The intruders were wearing surgical gloves and carrying walkie-talkies, cameras, and almost $2,300 in sequential $100 bills. A subsequent search of their rooms at the Watergate turned up an additional $4,200, burglary tools, and electronic bugging equipment.

Although there was no immediate explanation as to the objective of the break-in, an extensive investigation ensued, eventually unveiling a comprehensive scheme of political sabotage and espionage designed to discredit Democratic candidates. McCord, who was one of the burglars, was also Richard Nixon’s security chief for the Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP). Nixon campaign funds were ultimately linked back to the Watergate break-in. In addition, equipment used during the burglary had been borrowed from the CIA. In the fall of 1972, Nixon was re-elected into office, but the probe continued.

Watergate_3FBI agents soon established that hundreds of thousands of dollars in Nixon campaign contributions had been set aside to pay for a massive undercover anti-Democratic operation. According to federal investigators, CREEP had forged letters and distributed them under Democratic candidate’s letterhead, leaked false and manufactured information to the press, seized confidential Democratic campaign files, and followed Democratic candidates’ families in order to gather damaging information.

During an interview with the Senate select Watergate committee on July 16, 1973, former White House aide Alexander Butterfield revealed that Nixon had been taping all of his conversations and telephone calls in the White House since 1971. After losing a battle in the Supreme Court to keep these tapes private, Nixon was heard approving the cover-up of the Watergate burglary less than a week after it happened. During a June 20, 1972, discussion of the Watergate scandal between the President and former White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman, an 18 1/4-minute gap had been inexplicably erased, causing frustration and speculation from investigators.

On August 9, 1974, President Nixon resigned-the first U.S. president to do so. However, newly elected President Gerald Ford pardoned Nixon a month later, saving him from facing criminal charges.

Watergate burglars arrested

In the early morning of June 17, 1972, five men are arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate, an office-hotel-apartment complex in Washington, D.C. In their possession were burglary tools, cameras and film, and three pen-size tear gas guns. At the scene of the crime, and in rooms the men rented at the Watergate, sophisticated electronic bugging equipment was found. Three of the men were Cuban exiles, one was a Cuban American, and the fifth was James W. McCord, Jr., a former CIA agent. That day, the suspects, who said they were “anti-communists,” were charged with felonious burglary and possession of implements of crime.

On June 18, however, it was revealed that James McCord was the salaried security coordinator for President Richard Nixon’s reelection committee. The next day, E. Howard Hunt, Jr., a former White House aide, was linked to the five suspects. In July, G. Gordon Liddy, finance counsel for the Committee for the Re-election of the President, was also implicated as an accomplice. In August, President Nixon announced that a White House investigation of the Watergate break-in had concluded that administration officials were not involved. In September, Liddy, Hunt, McCord, and the four Cubans were indicted by a federal grand jury on eight counts of breaking into and illegally bugging the Democratic National Committee headquarters.

In September and October, reporters Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward of The Washington Post uncovered evidence of illegal political espionage carried out by the White House and the Committee for the Re-election of the President, including the existence of a secret fund kept for the purpose and the existence of political spies hired by the committee. Despite these reports, and a growing call for a Watergate investigation on Capitol Hill, Richard Nixon was reelected president in November 1972 in a landslide victory.

In January 1973, five of the Watergate burglars pleaded guilty, and two others, Liddy and McCord, were convicted. At their sentencing on March 23, U.S. District Court Judge John J. Sirica read a letter from McCord charging that the White House had conducted an extensive “cover-up” to conceal its connection with the break-in. In April, Attorney General Richard Kleindienst and two top White House advisers, H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, resigned, and White House counsel John Dean was fired.

On May 17, 1973, the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities, headed by Senator Sam Ervin of North Carolina, began televised proceedings on the rapidly escalating Watergate affair. One week later, Harvard Law professor Archibald Cox was sworn in as special Watergate prosecutor. During the Senate hearings, former White House legal counsel John Dean testified that the Watergate break-in had been approved by former Attorney General John Mitchell with the knowledge of White House advisers Ehrlichman and Haldeman, and that President Nixon had been aware of the cover-up. Meanwhile, Watergate prosecutor Cox and his staff began to uncover widespread evidence of political espionage by the Nixon re-election committee, illegal wiretapping of thousands of citizens by the administration, and contributions to the Republican Party in return for political favors.

In July, the existence of what were to be called the Watergate tapes–official recordings of White House conversations between Nixon and his staff–was revealed during the Senate hearings. Cox subpoenaed these tapes, and after three months of delay President Nixon agreed to send summaries of the recordings. Cox rejected the summaries, and Nixon fired him. His successor as special prosecutor, Leon Jaworski, leveled indictments against several high-ranking administration officials, including Mitchell and Dean, who were duly convicted.

Public confidence in the president rapidly waned, and by the end of July 1974 the House Judiciary Committee had adopted three articles of impeachment against President Nixon: obstruction of justice, abuse of presidential powers, and hindrance of the impeachment process. On July 30, under coercion from the Supreme Court, Nixon finally released the Watergate tapes. On August 5, transcripts of the recordings were released, including a segment in which the president was heard instructing Haldeman to order the FBI to halt the Watergate investigation. Four days later, Nixon became the first president in U.S. history to resign. On September 8, his successor, President Gerald Ford, pardoned him from any criminal charges.


Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor

On this day in 1885, the dismantled State of Liberty, a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of America, arrives in New York Harbor after being shipped across the Atlantic Ocean in 350 individual pieces packed in more than 200 cases. The copper and iron statue, which was reassembled and dedicated the following year in a ceremony presided over by U.S. President Grover Cleveland, became known around the world as an enduring symbol of freedom and democracy.

Intended to commemorate the American Revolution and a century of friendship between the U.S. and France, the statue was designed by French sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi (who modeled it after his own mother), with assistance from engineer Gustave Eiffel, who later developed the iconic tower in Paris bearing his name. The statue was initially scheduled to be finished by 1876, the 100th anniversary of America’s Declaration of Independence; however, fundraising efforts, which included auctions, a lottery and boxing matches, took longer than anticipated, both in Europe and the U.S., where the statue’s pedestal was to be financed and constructed. The statue alone cost the French an estimated $250,000 (more than $5.5 million in today’s money).

Finally completed in Paris in the summer of 1884, the statue, a robed female figure with an uplifted arm holding a torch, reached its new home on Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor (between New York City and Hudson County, New Jersey) on June 17, 1885. After being reassembled, the 450,000-pound statue was officially dedicated on October 28, 1886, by President Cleveland, who said, “We will not forget that Liberty has here made her home; nor shall her chosen altar be neglected.” Standing more than 305 feet from the foundation of its pedestal to the top of its torch, the statue, dubbed “Liberty Enlightening the World” by Bartholdi, was taller than any structure in New York City at the time. The statue was originally copper-colored, but over the years it underwent a natural color-change process called patination that produced its current greenish-blue hue.

In 1892, Ellis Island, located near Bedloe’s Island (which in 1956 was renamed Liberty Island), opened as America’s chief immigration station, and for the next 62 years Lady Liberty, as the statue is nicknamed, stood watch over the more than 12 million immigrants who sailed into New York Harbor. In 1903, a plaque inscribed with a sonnet titled “The New Colossus” by American poet Emma Lazarus, written 20 years earlier for a pedestal fundraiser, was placed on an interior wall of the pedestal. Lazarus’ now-famous words, which include “Give me your tired, your poor/Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,” became symbolic of America’s vision of itself as a land of opportunity for immigrants.

Some 60 years after President Calvin Coolidge designated the statue a national monument in 1924, it underwent a multi-million-dollar restoration (which included a new torch and gold leaf-covered flame) and was rededicated by President Ronald Reagan on July 4, 1986, in a lavish celebration. Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the statue was closed; its base, pedestal and observation deck re-opened in 2004, while its crown re-opened to the public on July 4, 2009. (For safety reasons, the torch has been closed to visitors since 1916, after an incident called the Black Tom explosions in which munitions-laden barges and railroad cars on the Jersey City, New Jersey, waterfront were blown up by German agents, causing damage to the nearby statue.)

Today, the Statue of Liberty is one of America’s most famous landmarks. Over the years, it has been the site of political rallies and protests (from suffragettes to anti-war activists), has been featured in numerous movies and countless photographs, and has received millions of visitors from around the globe.



Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

1094 Rodrigo Díaz el Campeador conquista Valencia.

1429 Se produce la Batalla de Beaugency (o de Villorceau-Josnes), la tercera de las victorias de Juana de Arco en su campaña para liberar el valle del Loira en el verano de ese año.

1462 Vlad Tepes intenta asesinar Mehmed II forzando la retirada de Valaquia.

1497 Batalla de Deptford Bridge donda las fuerzas del rey Enrique VII de Inglaterra derrota a las tropas de Michael An Gof.

1527 El jerezano Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca parte de Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cádiz) rumbo a la Florida en la expedición del vallisoletano Pánfilo de Narváez.

1543 Se ensaya en el puerto de Barcelona el primer intento de navegación a vapor ideado por Blasco de Garay.

1579 Francis Drake desembarca en la costa Oeste de América del Norte, en un lugar que bautiza como New Albion, se ha especulado mucho sobre cual sería ese lugar, algunos próximos a la ciudad de San Francisco.

1627 Por Real Cédula otorgada por Felipe IV (imagen dch) se autoriza al Cabildo de Granada la compra del municipio de Padul.

1665 Los españoles son derrotados por las fuerzas portuguesas en la Batalla de Villaviciosa, que se encuadra dentro de la Guerra de Restauración portuguesa.

1673 Los exploradors franceses Jacques Marquette y Louis Jolliet alcanzan el Mississippi y se convierten en los primeros europeos que detallan el curso del río.

1681 Carlos II autoriza por Real cédula la apertura del Colegio de San Telmo, que será administrado por la Universidad de Mareantes de Sevilla, con el fin de formar pilotos para dotar las naves de las carreras de Indias.

1728 Felipe V, rey de España, crea la Academia de la Historia.

1763 Jacques Marquette y Louis Jolliet comienzan la exploración del río Misisipi.

1773 En la actual Colombia, Juana Rangel de Cuéllar funda la ciudad de Cúcuta.

1775 En Massachusetts, en el marco de la Guerra de la Independencia de Estados Unidos, se produce la Batalla de Bunker Hill.

1789 En Francia el Tercer Estado se proclama a sí mismo Asamblea Nacional, e invita a los otros dos a unírsele.

1807 Parte hacia Buenos Aires, desde Montevideo, ocupada por los ingleses, la expedición del general Whitelocke.(imagen izq)

1815 Batalla del Cabo de Gata, dentro de la Segunda Guerra Berberisca, entre Estados Unidos y las regencias otomanas del Norte de África.

1821 Muerte de Martín Miguel de Güemes, militar argentino.

1823 Se patenta el primer material impermeable.

1837 Publicación de la Constitución Española de esta fecha.

1839 En el Reino de Hawaii, Kamehameha III concede la libertad a los católcicos poder trabajar en las islas.

1845 Se produce la Batalla de Cachimán, llevada a cabo en contra de los haitianos por sostener la Independencia de la República Dominicana.

1852 Argentina reconoce la independencia de Paraguay.

1867 Se utiliza el primer tratamiento antiséptico quirúrgico.

1876 En las Guerras Indias 1.500 Sioux y Cheyenne (imagen dch) liderados por Caballo Loco derrotan al General George Crooken Rosebud Creek en Montana.

1880 Se produce la batalla de Olivera entre las fuerzas leales al presidente Nicolás Avellaneda y las rebeldes que respondían al gobernador de Buenos Aires, Carlos Tejedor, como parte de la última guerra civil argentina, la Revolución de 1880.

1885 La Estatua de la Libertad llega al puerto de Nueva York.

1899 Raimundo Fernández Villaverde presenta en Madrid su proyecto de Presupuesto, con el que se inaugura el periodo contemporáneo en la historia de la Hacienda española.

1900 En el levantamiento de los bóxers las tropas aliadas y japonesas capturan Taku Forts en Tianjin, China.

1920 Joaquín Sorolla sufre un ataque de hemiplejia, cuando estaba pintando un cuadro en el jardín de su casa de Madrid, lo que le mantiene inconsciente hasta su muerte.

1921 En Barcelona (España) Evelio Boal (secretario del comité de la CNT) es asesinado en la puerta de la prisión Model.

1922 El Consejo de Ministros español acuerda implantar el protectorado civil en Marruecos.

1923 En Villarreal, España, se inaugura el estadio El Madrigal. (imagen izq)

1925 El Rey Alfonso XIII inaugura “Unión Radio”, emisora de radiotelefonía en Madrid.

1929 Se suicida en Argentina, el célebre bandolero de Estepa (Sevilla), Joaquín Camargo Gómez “Vivillo” quien gozó de gran fama por su inteligencia y cultura.

1931 Se inaugura la plaza de toros de Las Ventas en Madrid, llamada también “La Monumental”, con una corrida a beneficio de los obreros parados.

1932 Surge en Chile un movimiento de oposición a la tendencia comunista del Gobierno.

1936 Se produce en Málaga un enfrentamiento armado entre miembros del Frente Popular, resultando muerto el concejal comunista Andrés Rodríguez González, el sindicalista de metalurgia Miguel Ortiz Acevedo y el socialista y presidente de la Diputación Antonio Román Reina.

1939 Último guillotinado en público en Francia: Eugen Weidmann es ejecutado en Versalles.

1940 Segunda Guerra Mundial: hundimiento del RMS Lancastria por la Luftwaffe cerca de Saint-Nazaire, Francia. 3.000 personas mueren en el hundimiento.

1940 Las tres repúblicas bálticas caen bajo la ocupación de la Unión Soviética.

1941 En el marco de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, en la operación Battleaxe, los aliados intentan por segunda vez liberar Tobruk del cerco que le había impuesto el Afrika Korps (imagen dch) del general Rommel.

1942 Primera aparición de las historietas de G. I. Joe.

1944 Islandia se independiza de Dinamarca.

1947 La compañía aérea estadounidense Pan Am es la primera en ofrecer el servicio “alrededor del mundo”.

1950 Se realiza el primer trasplante de riñón.

1953 Una revuelta obrera en Berlín Oriental exigiendo mayores sueldos, más libertad personal y la reunificación con la Alemania Occidental es aplastada violentamente por el régimen de la República Democrática Alemana. En memoria de ello, el 17 de junio es día festivo nacional (Día de la Unidad Alemana) en la Alemania Federal hasta 1990.

1956 Manuel Prado Ugarteche es elegido presidente de Perú.

1959 Comienza en Zaragoza lo que Ernest Hemingway  (imagen izq) llamó el “verano sangriento”: 10 mano a mano entre el torero malagueño Antonio Ordóñez Araujo y el madrileño Luis Miguel González Lucas “Dominguín”, publicado en la revista norteamericana “Life”, siendo Ordóñez el indiscutible triunfador.

1963 En Estados Unidos se declara inconstitucional rezar en las escuelas.

1967 China anuncia el éxtio de sus pruebas con armas termonucleares.

1970 Se patenta la cámara Polaroid.

1970 Copa Mundial de Fútbol de 1970. En el Estadio Azteca, se realizó el denominado Partido del Siglo, entre Italia y Alemania Occidental, con un resultado favorable para los italianos 4-3.

1972 En Estados Unidos, se produce el registro ilegal de la sede del Partido Demócrata en el Hotel Watergate.

1981 Se confirma que el aceite de colza industrial, desviado para su venta como aceite de cocina, es el causante del síndrome tóxico que produce 60 muertos y mas de 50.000 afectados en España.

1981 La Guardia Civil mata, en un enfrentamiento, a cuatro terroristas del GRAPO en Cataluña.

1982 Galtieri renuncia a la presidencia de Argentina tras el fracaso en Malvinas.

1983 El novelista mexicano Juan Rulfo  (imagen dch) obtiene el premio Príncipe de Asturias de las Letras.

1985 México lanza el Morelos I, el primer satélite artificial de ese país.

1986 Es asesinado en Madrid por ETA y bajo la presunta complicidad del gobierno el Comandante Ricardo Sáenz de Ynestrillas, junto al Teniente Coronel Vesteiro y el soldado Francisco Casillas.

1993 Felipe de Borbón concluye su licenciatura en Derecho. Es el primer príncipe licenciado en la historia de España.

1994 El Tribunal Supremo declara ilegal el nombramiento del Eligio Hernández como fiscal del Estado.

1995 Perote es detenido por un juez militar, acusado de revelar secretos oficiales.

1997 El ministro del Interior, Jaime Mayor Oreja  (imagen izq), anuncia el acercamiento a Euskadi de cuatro o cinco presos de ETA elegidos con criterios individualizados.

1997 Detenida en Barcelona una pareja que alquilaba a su hijo de 10 años a un pederasta.

1999 Telefónica obtiene una licencia de telefonía móvil en Argentina, por 55.000 millones de pesetas.

1999 El español Pedro Duque recibe, junto con la tripulación del “Discovery”, el Premio Príncipe de Asturias de Cooperación internacional.

2001 La Guardia Civil retiene a 251 “sin papeles” en Tarifa y Ceuta.

2002 El Gobierno peruano decreta el estado de excepción en Arequipa para frenar las violentas protestas por la privatización de dos compañías eléctricas.

2002 El general Galindo  (imagen dch), implicado en la trama de los GAL, continúa aún en prisión militar pese a su expulsión de la carrera.

2002 El BBVA lanza una campaña de lavado de imagen para paliar el escándalo de las cuentas secretas.

2004 La policía francesa detiene a ocho presuntos miembros de la banda criminal ETA.

2005 La policía española detiene a veinte personas en Barcelona, Alicante y Málaga, relacionadas con el blanqueo de dinero de las mafias rusas.

2006 El Gobierno y ETA iniciarán de inmediato las conversaciones de paz.

2006 Cientos de afectados de Afinsa y Fórum se manifiestan para pedir fondos de ayudas.
(imagen izq)



Junio 17 se celebra…
  • Día Mundial de Lucha contra la Desertificación y la Sequía
  • El Salvador – Día del padre
  • Guatemala – Día del padre
Junio 17 en la Historia del Mundo …
2007 Lewis Hamilton gana su segunda carrera de la Fórmula 1 en el circuito de Indianápolis, en Estados Unidos.
1985 México: lanzamiento del Morelos I, el primer satélite artificial mexicano.
1972 Estados Unidos: registro ilegal de la sede del Partido Demócrata en el Hotel Watergate.
1970 Se patentó la cámara Polaroid.
1963 Norteamérica: Orar en las Escuelas fue votado como inconstitucional en los Estados Unidos.
1960 Se estrenó la película Psycho (Psicosis).
1955 Abre sus puertas por primera vez Disneylandia.
1953 Una revuelta obrera en Berlín Oriental, exigiendo mayores sueldos, más libertad personal y la reunificación con la Alemania Occidental es aplastada violentamente por el régimen de la República Democrática Alemana. En memoria de ello, el 17 de junio es día festivo nacional (Día de la Unidad Alemana) en la Alemania Federal hasta 1990.
1950 Se realizó el primer trasplante de riñón.
1947 PanAm fue la primera aerolínea en ofrecer el servicio “alrededor del mundo”.
1944 Islandia se independiza de Dinamarca.
1942 Primera aparición de las Historietas de G.I. Joe.
1931 España; se inaugura la Plaza de Toros Monumental de Las Ventas.
1867 Se usó el primer Tratamiento Antiséptico Quirúrgico.
1823 Se patentó el primer material impermeable.
1775 Estados Unidos: Batalla de Bunker Hill (Massachusetts) en la Guerra de la Independencia.
1773 La ciudad colombiana de Cúcuta es fundada por Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
1763 Norteamérica: Jacques Marquete y Louis Joliet comienzan la exploración del río Misisipi.
1681 España: Carlos II autoriza por Real Cédula la apertura del colegio San Telmo, que sería administrado por la Universidad de Mareantes de Sevilla, con el fin de formar pilotos para dotar las naves de las carreras de Indias.
1579 Norteamérica: Francis Drake descubrió la Bahía de San Francisco y la llamó New Albion.
Nacimientos Notables en Junio 17 …
1985 Marcos Baghdatis, tenista chipriota.
1985 Rafael Sóbis, futbolista brasileño.
1983 Lee Ryan, cantante británico, ex-integrante de Blue.
1980 Kimeru, músico japonés.
1980 Venus Williams, tenista estadounidense.
1979 Nick Rimando, futbolista estadounidense.
1976 Peter Svidler, ajedrecista ruso.
1975 Chloe Jones, modelo y actriz estadounidense.
1975 Juan Carlos Valerón, futbolista español.
1973 Carmen Alcayde, presentadora de televisión española.
1973 Krayzie Bone, rapero estadounidense (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony).
1973 Leander Paes, tenista hindú.
1971 Paulina Rubio, cantante mexicana.
1970 Sasha Sokol, cantante y actriz mexicana.
1969 Paul Tergat, corredor de maratón keniano.
1967 Eric Stefani, músico estadounidense (No Doubt).
1966 Jason Patric, actor estadounidense.
1964 Michael Gross, nadador alemán.
1963 Greg Kinnear, actor estadounidense.
1962 Michael Monroe, músico finlandés (Hanoi Rocks)
1960 Adrián Campos, piloto de F1 español.
1960 Thomas Haden Church, actor estadounidense.
1958 Bobby Farrelly, director de cine estadounidense.
1958 Jello Biafra, músico estadounidense.
1951 Joe Piscopo, actor estadounidense.
1949 Snakefinger, músico británico (The Residents).
1947 Gregg Rolie, músico.
1946 Barry Manilow, cantante estadounidense.
1946 Peter Rosei, escritor austriaco.
1945 Eddy Merckx, ciclista belga.
1945 Ken Livingstone, politico inglés.
1943 Newt Gingrich, político estadounidense.
1940 George Akerlof, diplomático egipcio, Premio Nobel de la Paz en 2005.
1936 Ken Loach, director de cine británico.
1935 Encarnación López de Arenosa, pedagoga musical española.
1933 Karmenu Mifsud Bonnici, abogado y político maltés.
1929 Tigran Petrosian, ajedrecista armenio.
1928 Juan María Bordaberry, político, presidente y dictador de Uruguay.
1927 Lucio Fulci cineasta italiano.
1923 Elroy “Crazy Legs” Hirsch, jugador de fútbol americano
1922 José Martín Recuerda, catedrático y dramaturgo español.
1921 Gil Parrondo, decorador español.
1920 François Jacob, biologo francés, Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina en 1965.
1919 Galina Ustvolskaya, compositora rusa.
1918 Gloria Fuertes, escritora española.
1917 Atle Selberg, matemático noruego.
1915 Gunther Gerzso, artista mexicano.
1914 John Hersey, periodista y escritor estadounidense.
1914 Julián Marías, filósofo, sociólogo y ensayista español.
1910 Red Foley, músico estadounidense.
1907 Charles Eames, arquitecto y diseñador estadounidense.
1900 Martin Bormann, político alemán.
1898 Maurits Cornelis Escher, dibujante y artista holandés.
1890 Miguel Sancho Izquierdo, catedrático de Derecho y rector de la Universidad de Zaragoza.
1888 Heinz Guderian, militar alemán.
1888 Samuel Linning, periodista, autor teatral y letrista uruguayo.
1882 Igor Stravinski, músico y compositor ruso.
1880 André Derain, pintor francés.
1874 Rufino Blanco, literato venezolano.
1873 Eduardo Chicharro Agüera, pintor español.
1832 William Crookes, físico y químico británico.
1818 Charles Gounod, compositor francés.
1781 Francisco Espoz y Mina, militar español.
1734 Lorenzo Fernández de Villavicencio, militar español.
1703 John Wesley, pastor anglicano y teólogo cristiano estadounidense.
1692 Giovanni Pannini, arquitecto y paisajista italiano.
1682 Carlos XII, rey de Suecia (1697-1718).
1530 Francisco, duque de Montmorency, noble francés.
1239 Eduardo I, rey de Inglaterra (1272-1307).
Fallecimientos Notables en Junio 17 …
2009 Alejandro Doria, director de cine argentino (n. 1936).
2009 Fernando Peña, actor uruguayo (n. 1963).
2009 Oscar Ferreiro, actor argentino (n. 1945).
2008 Cyd Charisse, bailarina y actriz estadounidense (n. 1921).
2008 Jorge Medina Vidal, poeta y profesor uruguayo (n. 1925).
2008 Tsutomu Miyazaki, asesino en serie japonés (n. 1962).
2002 Fritz Walter, futbolista alemán.
2001 Donald Cram, químico estadounidense.
1996 Thomas Kuhn, epistemólogo estadounidense.
1994 Jean Borotra, tenista francés.
1993 Manuel Salas Larrazábal, militar e historiador español.
1986 Kate Smith, actriz estadounidense.
1979 Nicholas Ray, director de cine estadounidense.
1968 José Nasazzi, futbolista uruguayo.
1961 Jeff Chandler, actor estadounidense.
1957 Dorothy Richardson, novelista británica.
1940 Arthur Harden, bioquímico británico, premio Nobel de Química en 1929.
1905 Máximo Gómez, héroe de la independencia cubana.
1899 Rafael Tristany, general carlista.
1898 Carlos de Haes, pintor español de origen holandés.
1897 Sebastian Kneipp, sacerdote y médico alemán.
1876 Fermín Caballero, escritor y político español.3
1871 Carlos Rubio, poeta español.
1821 Martín Miguel de Güemes, militar argentino.
1719 Joseph Addison, ensayista, poeta y político británico.


History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1885 Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor
  • American Revolution

  • 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill begins
  • Automotive

  • 1994 O.J. Simpson leads L.A. police on a low-speed chase
  • Civil War

  • 1837 Union Colonel Strong Vincent is born
  • Cold War

  • 1953 Soviets crush antigovernment riots in East Berlin
  • Crime

  • 1972 Nixon’s re-election employees are arrested for burglary
  • Disaster

  • 1958 Bridge collapses, killing workers
  • General Interest

  • 1579 Drake claims California for England
  • 1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill
  • 1940 France to surrender
  • 1972 Watergate burglars arrested
  • 1994 O.J. Simpson arrested after flight from justice
  • Hollywood

  • 2008 Cyd Charisse dies
  • Literary

  • 1972 Watergate break-ins set the stage for All the President’s Men
  • Music

  • 1989 New Kids on the Block land at the top of the pops
  • Old West

  • 1876 Indians hammer U.S. soldiers at the Battle of the Rosebud
  • Presidential

  • 1943 FDR’s secretary of war stifles Truman’s inquiry into suspicious defense plant
  • Sports

  • 1954 Marciano beats Charles
  • Vietnam War

  • 1969 North Vietnamese reoccupy Ap Bia Mountain
  • 1972 Watergate burglars arrested
  • World War I

  • 1917 Portuguese army sees first action in Flanders
  • World War II

  • 1940 British and Allied troops continue the evacuation of France, as Churchill reassures his countrymen


 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 


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