Junio 16 en la Historia | bambinoides.com
Jueves 15 Junio, 2017 19:45

Junio 16 en la Historia

Abraham Lincoln says America cannot remain divided over slavery; Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space; Deadly Soweto riots erupt in South Africa; Ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defects.

Hoy en la Historia,

Junio 16

en la Historia,

Today in History,

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred”

1976:

Soweto protest turns violent

Hector Petersen is carried away by Mbuyiswa Makhubo after the riots

The body of a child is carried away after the riots

At least 12 people are reported to have been killed in a series of violent clashes between black demonstrators and police in several South African townships.

Angry youths threw stones and beer bottles at police, as a protest against the compulsory use of Afrikaans as the main teaching language in black schools turned violent.

The violence spread from one end of the city to the other, with fires in Soweto reaching Alexandra, a township in the northern outskirts close to some of the rich white suburbs.

The Times newspaper called it the worst outbreak of racial violence seen in South Africa since the Sharpeville massacre 16 years ago.

There are known to be at least two black children among the dead and two white men.

The final number of dead may be much higher. Ambulance drivers say they were unable to get through the crowds to reach the injured.

Police squads patrolled the streets in an attempt to prevent shops and public buildings from being damaged. As the situation worsened more police were drafted in.

Two men were reportedly shot dead after a car sped down a street and tried to run down police at an intersection.

This government will not be intimidated
Prime Minister Vorster

The day began with a march by 10,000 students carrying banners and slogans, saying “Down with Afrikaans” and “Viva Azania” (the name given to South Africa by black nationalists).

Armed police tried to surround the pupils as they reached Phefeni School, on a small hill surrounded by the homes of more than a million black South Africans.

Police say the students began throwing stones and other missiles. They responded by firing live rounds into the crowd.

Another reporter said she saw police throw a tear gas grenade into the crowd without warning. When demonstrators responded with stones, the officers opened fire.

A senior officer in charge of the operation, Brigadier R Le Roux, described the situation as “very bad” and later refused to give any comment to journalists and ordered them to leave the area.

In Natalspruit, a township East of Johannesburg, buses were used as battering rams to destroy official buildings, while others were set on fire.

Six other African townships around the nation’s biggest city were affected by the violence, but police roadblocks prevented journalists from entering the townships to find out what was happening for themselves.

Prime Minister Vorster demanded an immediate end to the disturbances.

He said: “We are dealing here not with a spontaneous outburst but with a deliberate attempt to bring about polarisation between whites and blacks.

“This government will not be intimidated and instructions have been given to maintain law and order at all costs.”

The schools boycott began in mid-May with pupils refusing to attend school in protest at what they saw as a discriminatory ruling which meant they had to learn lessons in English and Afrikaans, whereas white pupils could choose which language to learn.

In Context

An investigation by US newspaper Newsday in December 1976 concluded that 332 had died in Soweto, and more than 435 nationally.The Times later estimated more than 700 had died in the chain reaction of violence over the year.

The uprising triggered a long and often-violent confrontation between black protesters and the white South African government.

It had a lasting impact and arguably played a significant role in sowing the seeds of democracy in South Africa.

International sympathy strengthened the anti-apartheid campaign, and attempts by white minority rulers to clamp down on the protest movement were met with increasing resistance.

In 1990 Nelson Mandela and other political detainees were released from prison and in 1994 South Africa’s first democratic elections saw Mandela elected the country’s first black president.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

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This Day in History

History Channel

1884

First roller coaster in America opens

First roller coaster in AmericaOn this day in 1884, the first roller coaster in America opens at Coney Island, in Brooklyn, New York. Known as a switchback railway, it was the brainchild of LaMarcus Thompson, traveled approximately six miles per hour and cost a nickel to ride. The new entertainment was an instant success and by the turn of the century there were hundreds of roller coasters around the country.

Coney Island, a name believed to have come from the Dutch Konijn Eilandt, or Rabbit Island, is a tract of land along the Atlantic Ocean discovered by explorer Henry Hudson in 1609. The first hotel opened at Coney Island in 1829 and by the post-Civil War years, the area was an established resort with theaters, restaurants and a race track. Between 1897 and 1904, three amusement parks sprang up at Coney Island–Dreamland, Luna Park and Steeplechase. By the 1920s, Coney Island was reachable by subway and summer crowds of a million people a day flocked there for rides, games, sideshows, the beach and the two-and-a-half-mile boardwalk, completed in 1923.

The hot dog is said to have been invented at Coney Island in 1867 by Charles Feltman. In 1916, a nickel hot dog stand called Nathan’s was opened by a former Feltman employee and went on to become a Coney Island institution and international franchise. Today, Nathan’s is famous not only for its hot dogs but its hot dog-eating contest, held each Fourth of July in Coney Island. In 2006, Takeru Kobayashi set a new record when he ate 53.75 hot dogs with buns in 12 minutes.

Roller coasters and amusement parks experienced a decline during the Great Depression and World War II, when Americans had less cash to spend on entertainment. Finally, in 1955, the opening of Disneyland in Anaheim, California, signaled the advent of the modern theme park and a rebirth of the roller coaster. Disneyland’s success sparked a wave of new parks and coasters. By the 1970s, parks were competing to create the most thrilling rides. In 2005, Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson, New Jersey, introduced the Kingda Ka roller coaster, the world’s tallest (at 456 feet) and fastest (at 128 mph).

By the mid-1960s, the major amusement parks at Coney Island had shut down and the area acquired a seedy image. Nevertheless, Coney Island remains a tourist attraction and home to the Cyclone, a wooden coaster that made its debut there in 1927. Capable of speeds of 60 mph and with an 85-foot drop, the Cyclone is one of the country’s oldest coasters in operation today. Though a real-estate developer recently announced the building of a new $1.5 billion year-round resort at Coney Island that will include a 4,000-foot-long roller coaster, an indoor water park and a multi-level carousel, the Cyclone’s owners have said they plan to keep the historic coaster open for business.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Junio 16 se celebra…
  • Argentina: Día del Ingeniero
  • Bloomsday: en honor a Leopold Bloom, protagonista de la novela Ulises del escritor James Joyce
  • Sudáfrica: Día de la Juventud
Junio 16 en la Historia del Mundo …
2001 en Italia se reabre la Torre de Pisa después de 10 años de trabajo para su consolidación.
1999 en Sudáfrica, Thabo Mbeki es electo presidente.
1995 en Budapest (Hungría), el COI elige a Salt Lake City sede de los Juegos Olímpicos de Invierno de 2002.
1963 en Rusia, Valentina Tereshkova se convierte en la primera mujer cosmonauta de la historia.
1961 en el aeropuerto Le Bourget de París (Francia), deserta el bailarín de ballet soviético Rudolf Nureyev.
1955 en la plaza principal de Buenos Aires (Argentina) se realiza el bombardeo de la Plaza de Mayo, en un intento de golpe de estado por parte de la Armada, la Aviación Naval Argentina lleva a cabo su bautismo de fuego sobre la población civil presente, provocando un saldo de más de 300 muertos y aproximadamente 800 heridos.
1945 en EE. UU. se detona la primera bomba atómica, con un rendimiento equivalente a 20 kilotones (KT).
1940 en Francia, el Mariscal Pétain pide un armisticio a los nazis alemanes en la Segunda Guerra Mundial
1904 fecha ficticia en la que transcurre (en Dublín) toda la novela Ulises de James Joyce).
1903 en Estados Unidos se funda la compañía Ford Motor Company.
1846 en Italia es elegido el papa Pío IX
1586 en Inglaterra, María I Estuardo reconoce a Felipe II de España como su heredero.
1456 en España, Enrique IV (rey de Castilla) otorga la Carta de Privilegio a Estepona (Málaga).
0221 el emperador Heliogábalo adopta como hijo a Alejandro Severo, y lo nombra César como su sucesor legítimo.
Nacimientos Notables en Junio 16 …
1978 Daniel Brühl, actor y realizador español.
1972 Fernando Rivera Calderón, showman mexicano.
1971 Tupac Shakur, músico estadounidense de rap.
1962 Arnold Vosloo, actor sudafricano.
1962 Femi Kuti, cantante nigeriano.
1958 Jóhannes Helgason, guitarrista islandés (Þeyr), instructor de vuelo y piloto de Icelandair.
1953 Juan Muñoz, escultor español.
1953 María Graña, cantante argentina.
1951 Roberto Mano de Piedra Durán, boxeador panameño.
1948 Leopoldo Panero Blanch, escritor español.
1947 Gérard Grisey, compositor francés.
1947 Giacomo Agostini, motociclista italiano.
1940 César Pérez de Tudela, alpinista español.
1938 Jaime Tohá, político chileno.
1938 Joyce Carol Oates, escritora estadounidense.
1937 Erich Segal, escritor estadounidense.
1937 Simeón II, rey de Bulgaria.
1935 Alfonso Emilio Pérez Sánchez, catedrático e investigador español de Historia del Arte.
1934 William Forsyth Sharpe, investigador estadounidense, premio Nobel de Economía en 1990.
1927 Nicolás Redondo, secretario general de la UGT.
1920 José López Portillo, presidente de México (1976-1982).
1917 Katharine Graham, editora del Washington Post y Newsweek.
1910 Juan Velasco Alvarado, presidente de Perú (1968-1975).
1902 Barbara McClintock, genetista estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina en 1983.
1890 Stan Laurel, El Flaco, actor británico de cine cómico (El gordo y el flaco).
1872 Roald Amundsen, explorador noruego.
1823 Gerónimo, jefe indio de Norteamerica.
1816 Aureliano Fernández-Guerra y Orbe, crítico literario, dramaturgo y periodista español.
1793 Diego Portales, político chileno.
1768 Manuel Navarrete, poeta mexicano.
Fallecimientos Notables en Junio 16 …
2008 Mario Rigoni Stern, escritor italiano (n. 1921).
2005 Álvaro Cunhal, líder histórico de los comunistas portugueses.
2005 Enrique Laguerre, escritor puertorriqueño.
2004 Thanom Kittikachorn, político tailandés.
2001 Eugenio Royo, político y dirigente sindical español.
1990 Eva Turner, cantante lírica británica.
1986 Luisa Sala, actriz de teatro española.
1979 Nicholas Ray, director estadounidense de cine.
1977 Werner von Braun, ingeniero y físico alemán.
1963 John Cowper Powys, novelista, ensayista y poeta británico.
1945 Nicolás Rauric Petre, pintor español.
1944 Marc Bloch, historiador francés.
1940 Edwin Dubose Heyward, escritor estadounidense.
1931 Gregorio Segundo Cuadra, autor de canciones chileno.
1858 John Snow, médico inglés.
1777 Jean Bautiste Gresset, escritor francés.
1752 Julio Alberoni, ministro plenipotenciario de Felipe V.
1742 Luisa Isabel de Orleans, reina consorte de España durante unos meses en el año 1724.
1722 John Churchill, Duque de Marlborough, general y estadista británico.
1464 Roger van der Weyden, pintor holandés.
1147 Ramiro II, el Monje, rey de Aragón (1134-1137).
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1884 First roller coaster in America opens
  • American Revolution

  • 1738 Patriot printer, publisher and postmistress, Mary Katharine Goddard, born
  • Automotive

  • 1903 Ford Motor Company incorporated
  • Civil War

  • 1862 Union thwarted at the Battle of Secessionville
  • Cold War

  • 1961 Russian ballet star Nureyev defects
  • Crime

  • 1999 SLA member captured after more than 20 years
  • Disaster

  • 1896 Tsunami ravages Japanese coast
  • General Interest

  • 1958 Leader of Hungarian uprising executed
  • 1963 First woman in space
  • 1977 Brezhnev is Soviet president
  • Hollywood

  • 1943 Charlie Chaplin marries Oona O’Neill
  • Literary

  • 1904 James Joyce meets his future wife, Nora
  • Music

  • 1965 Bob Dylan records “Like A Rolling Stone”
  • Old West

  • 1890 Alaskan explorer Fred Fickett leaves Army
  • Presidential

  • 1858 Lincoln warns that America is becoming a “house divided”
  • Sports

  • 1968 Lee Trevino wins his first U.S. Open
  • Vietnam War

  • 1961 Kennedy agrees to send instructors to train troops
  • 1965 More troops to be sent to Vietnam
  • 1970 Communists isolate Phnom Penh
  • World War I

  • 1918 Battle of the Piave River
  • World War II

  • 1940 Marshal Petain becomes premier of occupied France
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia

 


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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(Media - Bambinoides)


The views expressed are not necessarily those of the publisher or bambinoides.com. Images accompanying posts are either owned by the author of said post or are in the public domain and included by the publisher of the blog bambinoides.com on its initiative.

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