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Julio 07 en la Historia

Terror bombings strike London’s transit system; Oliver North testifies at Iran-Contra hearings; Sandra Day O’Connor nominated for U.S. Supreme Court; Author Robert Heinlein and musician Ringo Starr born.


Hoy en la Historia,

Julio 07

en la Historia,

Today in History,


BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred”


Bomb attacks on London

A series of bomb attacks on London’s transport network has killed more than 30 people and injured about 700 others.Three explosions on the Underground left 35 dead and two died in a blast on a double decker bus.

The first three bombs went off at 0850 on underground trains just outside Liverpool Street and Edgware Road stations, and on another travelling between King’s Cross and Russell Square.

The final explosion was around an hour later on a number 30 double-decker bus in Tavistock Square, not far from King’s Cross

Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said the bombings had “the hallmarks of an al-Qaeda-related attack”.

Prime Minister Tony Blair promised the “most intense police and security service action to make sure we bring those responsible to justice”.

Mr Blair, who flew back to London from the G8 summit in Gleneagles, condemned the terrorists and paid tribute to the stoicism and resilience of the people of London.

“They are trying to use the slaughter of innocent people to cow us, to frighten us out of doing the things that we want to do,” he said in a televised statement from Downing Street.

In Context

In total 52 people lost their lives in the London bombings, 700 people were injured.The attacks were carried out by four suicide bombers.

The presumed ringleader, Mohammed Siddique Khan, had recently visited Pakistan and was later found to have made a video message in which he claimed British foreign policy was oppressing Muslims.

Al-Qaeda issued a videotaped statement in September claiming it was behind the London bombings.

On July 21 there were four more attempted bombings in London. None of the devices exploded.

On 22 July 2005, police shot dead a man, Jean Charles de Menezes, they mistook for one of the bombers.

Five men were later arrested and are due to face trial in September 2006.

A decision is still awaited on whether any charges will be brought over the de Menezes shooting.

London bombings toll rises to 37

Passengers evacuate an underground train at Kings Cross (Photo: Alexander Chadwick)

A series of bomb attacks on London’s transport network has killed more than 30 people and injured about 700 others.Three explosions on the Underground left 35 dead and two died in a blast on a double decker bus.

Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said the bombings had “the hallmarks of an al-Qaeda-related attack”.

Prime Minister Tony Blair promised the “most intense police and security service action to make sure we bring those responsible to justice”.

Mr Blair, who had returned to London from the G8 summit in Gleneagles, condemned the terrorists and paid tribute to the stoicism and resilience of the people of London.

“They are trying to use the slaughter of innocent people to cow us, to frighten us out of doing the things that we want to do,” he said in a televised statement from Downing Street.

They “should not and they must not succeed,” he said.

“We know that these people act in the name of Islam but we also know that the vast and overwhelming majority of Muslims here and abroad are decent and law-abiding people who abhor those who do this every bit as much as we do,” he added.

The Queen, who will visit some of those involved in the tragedy on Friday, said she was “deeply shocked” and sent her sympathy to those affected. The union jack flag was flying at half mast over Buckingham Palace.

Further details of the Queen’s visit will be announced on Friday morning.

Blast timeline
0851 Seven people die in a blast on a train 100 yards from Liverpool Street station
0856 21 people die in a blast on a train between Russell Square and King’s Cross stations
0917 Seven people die in blast on a train at Edgware Road station
0947 Two people die in a blast on a number 30 bus at Tavistock Place

US President George Bush told reporters at the G8 Summit in Gleneagles “the war on terror goes on.”

Hundreds of thousands of commuters faced difficult journeys home from London on Thursday night after a day of travel chaos.

Many opted to walk while some booked into hotels.

By late afternoon, major routes out of London, including the M25 and M4, were jammed and motorists have been urged not to drive into the centre as many roads are shut.

All London Underground services have been suspended until at least Friday.

Bus services have resumed in central London (Zone One) with diversions in affected areas. Most mainline train stations are open.

Metropolitan Police Deputy Assistant Commissioner Brian Paddick confirmed 35 people had died in the blasts on the Underground.

 They are trying to use the slaughter of innocent people to cow us, to frighten us out of doing the things that we want to do 
Tony Blair
Blair statement in full

He said there were 21 confirmed fatalities following the blast at 0856 BST on a Piccadilly Line train in a tunnel between King’s Cross and Russell Square.There were seven confirmed deaths after a blast at 0851 BST 100 yards into a tunnel from Liverpool Street station. The train involved was a Circle Line train.

And at 0917 BST an explosion on another Circle Line train coming into Edgware Road underground station blew a hole through a wall onto another train at an adjoining platform.

Three trains were thought to be involved and there were seven confirmed deaths so far, Mr Paddick said.

He said two had died in the bus blast at 0947 at the junction of Upper Woburn Place and Tavistock Square.

Scene of bus explosion

Two people died in the bus blast

There were also 700 people injured, Mr Paddick said.London Ambulance Service said it had treated 45 patients with serious or critical injuries including burns, amputations, chest and blast injuries and fractured limbs.

In other developments:

  • The police set up a casualty bureau number on 0870 1566344
  • The officer in charge of policing the G8 summit said many of the 1,500 Metropolitan Police officers in Scotland would be urgently redeployed to London
  • Celebrations to mark the homecoming from Singapore of the successful London Olympic bid team were cancelled
  • 54 state schools were closed in Westminster
  • Mobile phone services across London were jammed with all major networks reporting problems as people tried to contact relatives and friends. A spokeswoman for Vodafone said the emergency services were being given priority.

Mr Paddick confirmed police were looking into whether the bus blast was the work of a suicide bomber.

But, he added: “It could as easily be an explosive device left on the bus as the work of a suicide bomber. We are not able to determine which it was yet.”

 There are a lot of people phoning loved ones to make sure they are ok 
Amy Hinkley, London,
Have you been affected?

He said no warning had been given before the blasts and that no-one had yet claimed to be behind them.

BBC security correspondent Frank Gardner said he had been told by Whitehall sources that a “massive intelligence effort” was under way to find the perpetrators of the bombings.

He also said a previously unknown group calling itself the Secret Organisation Group of al-Qaeda of Jihad Organisation in Europe had claimed to be behind the attacks in a statement posted on an Islamist website.

The group’s statement said the attacks were revenge for the “massacres” Britain was committing in Iraq and Afghanistan and that the country was now “burning with fear and panic”, he added.

Early reports had suggested a power surge could be to blame for explosions on the Underground but this was later discounted.

Blasts occurred:
Between Aldgate East and Liverpool Street tube stations
Between Russell Square and King’s Cross tube stations
At Edgware Road tube station
On bus at Tavistock Square


History Channel:

“This Day in History” 


Iran-Contra scandal unravels


Iran-Contra affair_3

reagan-iran-contra-scandalIran-Contra affair_6


Iran-Contra affair_2Iran-Contra affair_1

Eugene Hasenfus is captured by troops of the Sandinista regime in Nicaragua after the plane in which he is flying is shot down; two others on the plane die in the crash. Under questioning, Hasenfus confessed that he was shipping military supplies into Nicaragua for use by the Contras, an anti-Sandinista force that had been created and funded by the United States. Most dramatically, he claimed that operation was really run by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

The news of Hasenfus’s revelations caused quite a stir in the United States. Congress, reacting to complaints about corruption and brutality against the Contras, had passed the Boland Amendment in 1984, specifically forbidding the CIA or any other U.S. agency from supporting the Contras. President Ronald Reagan, who saw the Sandinista government in Nicaragua as a puppet of the Soviet Union, had secured U.S. funding for the Contras in 1981 and signed off on the Boland Amendment reluctantly. If Hasenfus’s story was true, then the CIA and Reagan administration had broken the law.

Despite denials from the president, Vice President George Bush, and other Reagan officials that the CIA had nothing to do with the flight, persistent investigations by journalists and Congress began to unravel the so-called Iran-Contra scandal. The scandal involved Iran-Contra affair_4the secret sale of U.S. weapons to Iran (which was supposed to help in the release of U.S. hostages in the Middle East). Some of the proceeds from these sales were used to covertly fund the Contra war in Nicaragua. A Congressional investigation, begun in December 1986, revealed the scheme to the public. Many figures from the Reagan administration were called to testify. These included Marine Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North, who was the action officer in charge of coordinating both the arms sales and funneling of money to the Contras. His testimony, in particular, demonstrated the cavalier attitude taken by the Reagan administration toward the flaunting of congressional resolutions and acts.

The resulting scandal rocked the Reagan administration and shook the public’s confidence in the U.S. government; 11 members of the President’s administration eventually were convicted of a variety of charges related to the scandal. Hasenfus was tried and sentenced to 30 years imprisonment by a Nicaraguan court, but was released just a few weeks later.


Iran-Contra affair_5




Building of Hoover Dam begins


On this day in 1930, construction of the Hoover Dam begins. Over the next five years, a total of 21,000 men would work ceaselessly to produce what would be the largest dam of its time, as well as one of the largest manmade structures in the world.

hoover-dam-location-mapAlthough the dam would take only five years to build, its construction was nearly 30 years in the making. Arthur Powell Davis, an engineer from the Bureau of Reclamation, originally had his vision for the Hoover Dam back in 1902, and his engineering report on the topic became the guiding document when plans were finally made to begin the dam in 1922.

Herbert Hoover, the 31st president of the United States and a committed conservationist, played a crucial role in making Davis’ vision a reality. As secretary of commerce in 1921, Hoover devoted himself to the erection of a high dam in Boulder Canyon, Colorado. The dam would provide essential flood control, which would prevent damage to downstream farming communities that suffered each year when snow from the Rocky Mountains melted and joined the Colorado River. Further, the dam would allow the expansion of irrigated farming in the desert, and would provide a dependable supply of water for Los Angeles and other southern California communities.

Even with Hoover’s exuberant backing and a regional consensus around the need to build the dam, Congressional approval and individual state cooperation were slow in coming. For many years, water rights had been a source of contention among the western states that had claims on the Colorado River. To address this issue, Hoover negotiated the Colorado River Compact, which HooverDam_1broke the river basin into two regions with the water divided between them. Hoover then had to introduce and re-introduce the bill to build the dam several times over the next few years before the House and Senate finally approved the bill in 1928.

In 1929, Hoover, now president, signed the Colorado River Compact into law, claiming it was “the most extensive action ever taken by a group of states under the provisions of the Constitution permitting compacts between states.”

Once preparations were made, the Hoover Dam’s construction sprinted forward: The contractors finished their work two years ahead of schedule and millions of dollars under budget. Today, the Hoover Dam is the second highest dam in the country and the 18th highest in the world. It generates enough energy each year to serve over a million people, and stands, in Hoover Dam artist Oskar Hansen’s words, as “a monument to collective genius exerting itself in community efforts around a common need or ideal.”



Images from Today’s History:


Associated Press


History Channel



Hoy en la Historia del Mundo




Julio 7 se celebra…
  • España, Pamplona – Sanfermines, festividad en honor del partrono local, San Fermín de Amiens.
Julio 7 en la Historia del Mundo …
2007 Estreno de “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows” en las ediciones inglesas.
2007 Se dara a conocer las Nuevas 7 Maravillas del Mundo en Lisboa,Portugal
2005 Atentados terroristas del 7-J de Londres: una cadena de explosiones en tres vagones del metro y en un autobús de Londres siembran el terror en la capital británica causando 52 víctimas mortales.
1978 Las Islas Salomón se independizan del Reino Unido.
1946 Primera canonización de una santa estadounidense (Frances Xavier Cabrini).
1940 Elecciones presidenciales en México: jornada violenta llena de denuncias de fraude.
1907 Alfonso XIII concede el titulo de ciudad a Miranda de Ebro.
1846 Norteamérica: comienza la anexión del estado de California por las tropas estadounidenses.
Nacimientos Notables en Julio 7 …
1975 Erdenet-Od Khishigbat, judoka mongola
1957 Juan Luis Guerra, cantante dominicano.
1952 Gregorio Morales, poeta y novelista, fundador de la estética cuántica.
1947 Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, rey de Nepal.
1947 Víctor Manuel, cantautor español.
1940 Ringo Starr, músico y actor británico (The Beatles).
1928 Bálint Balla, sociólogo germano-húngaro.
1924 Mary Ford, cantante estadounidense (m. 1977)
1921 Ezzard Charles, boxeador estadounidense.
1917 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, político y militar salvadoreño.
1907 Robert A. Heinlein, escritor estadounidense.
1901 Vittorio de Sica, director de cine y actor italiano.
1899 George Cukor, director de cine estadounidense.
1843 Camillo Golgi, médico italiano, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1906.
1753 Jean Pierre Blanchard, inventor francés.
1752 Joseph Marie Jacquard, inventor francés.
1746 Giuseppe Piazzi, astrónomo y sacerdote italiano.
Fallecimientos Notables en Julio 7 …
2008 Dorian Leigh, modelo estadounidense (n. 1917).
2006 Juan de Ávalos, escultor español.
2006 Syd Barrett, cantante, guitarrista y ex-integrante de Pink Floyd
2001 Parmenio Medina, periodista radiofónico, asesinado en Costa Rica.
1990 Cazuza, compositor y cantante brasileño.
1972 Atenágoras I, Patriarca de Constantinopla.
1971 Eduardo Blanco Acevedo, médico y político uruguayo.
1971 Ub Iwerks, animador estadounidense.
1968 Jorja Fox, actriz estadounidense que interpreta a Sarah en CSI Las Vegas.
1967 Vivien Leigh, actriz británica.
1960 Ángel Cabrera, paleontólogo y zoólogo español.
1930 Arthur Conan Doyle, novelista escocés, creador del personaje Sherlock Holmes.
1923 Abilio Manuel Guerra Junqueiro, poeta portugués.
1901 Johanna Spyri, escritora suiza.
1545 Pernette du Guillet, poetisa francesa.
1307 Eduardo I, rey inglés.


History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  •  1930 Building of Hoover Dam begins
  • American Revolution

  • 1777 Battle of Hubbardton
  • Automotive

  • 2000 Stock car driver Kenny Irwin Jr. dies in crash
  • Civil War

  • 1863 Kit Carson’s campaign against the Indians
  • Cold War

  • 1983 Samantha Smith leaves for visit to the USSR
  • Crime

  • 1865 Mary Surratt is first woman executed by U.S. federal government
  • Disaster

  • 1987 Tanker accident causes deadly fire
  • General Interest

  • 1797 The impeachment of Senator Blount
  • 1941 U.S. occupies Iceland
  • 1976 Female cadets enrolled at West Point
  • 1981 O’Connor nominated to Supreme Court
  • 2005 Terrorists attack London transit system at rush hour
  • Hollywood

  • 2006 Johnny Depp stars in second Pirates of the Caribbean movie
  • Literary

  • 1852 Birthday of Sherlock Holmes’ sidekick, Dr. Watson
  • Music

  • 1962 “The Stripper,” by David Rose, becomes the #1 pop hit in America
  • Old West

  • 1900 Warren Earp killed in Arizona
  • Presidential

  • 1946 Future President Jimmy Carter marries
  • Sports

  • 1912 Jim Thorpe begins Olympic triathlon
  • Vietnam War

  • 1955 China announces it will provide aid to Hanoi
  • 1964 New ambassador arrives in Saigon
  • 1969 First U.S. troops withdrawn from South Vietnam
  • World War I

  • 1917 British Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps is officially established
  • World War II

  • 1942 Himmler decides to begin medical experiments on Auschwitz prisoners



Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 


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