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Julio 05 en la Historia

Birth of the bikini; International bank closed in fraud scandal; Elvis Presley holds his first major recording session; Birth of the bikini;  Enron’s Kenneth Lay dies; Arthur Ashe wins at Wimbledon; Larry Doby follows Jackie Robinson; Baseball’s Ted Williams dies.

Hoy en la Historia,

Julio 05

en la Historia,

Today in History,


BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred”


International bank closed in fraud scandal

The Bank of England has closed down UK branches of the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) over allegations of fraud.

Photo of the front of BCCI headquarters

BCCI has 120,000 UK based customers

The bank’s 120,000 UK customers were stunned by the speed of the closure.

Even BCCI staff were not prepared for the largest ever intervention of this kind by the Bank of England, as deposits worth £250m were frozen.

Over the weekend liquidators from accountants Touche Ross will be entering all 25 branches to carry out detailed examinations of their finances.

The Bank of England also intends to stay open and set up a telephone hotline to help worried investors.

They are advising that the UK Deposit Protection Fund will guarantee investments up to £15,000 but investigators need to find out exactly how much is left in BCCI coffers.

London is at the centre of a global operation to investigate the activities of Luxembourg based BCCI, which is one of the biggest privately owned financial companies in the world.

We had no clear evidence under which we could act
Robin Leigh-Pemberton

Last year they were fined $15m for laundering drug money for former President of Panama General Noriega. At the time there were calls to shut down the bank, as six of its former executives were also jailed.Speaking today, the Governor of the Bank of England Robin Leigh-Pemberton explained: “We had no clear evidence under which we could act, under the Banking Act, until earlier this year.”

There are already rumours that the bank made a huge operating loss last year and probably would have collapsed within weeks anyway.

Opposition MPs are demanding to know why action was not taken sooner but BCCI’s controlling shareholder – the Abu Dhabi government – has accused the British Government of acting too quickly.

Today’s closure comes in the wake of a report commissioned by the Bank of England and published by BCCI’s auditors, Price Waterhouse, in June.

In Context

Touche Ross reported that BCCI had a £5.6bn deficit at the time of closure. It was the largest financial fraud in the world to that date.The Abu Dhabi government tried to rescue the bank with a £1.8bn cash injection proposal.

It later emerged that BCCI had stolen £1bn from the personal account of Sheikh Zayed of Abu Dhabi.

Up to 30 local authorities in the UK lost around £82m after investing in BCCI on the basis of approval by the Bank of England.

In 2001 the liquidators, Deloitte & Touche, were given unprecedented permission to sue the Bank of England for almost £1bn on behalf of 6,500 UK depositors who lost savings when BCCI collapsed. The lawsuit began in January 2004 and was the first the Bank had faced in its 300-year history.

Deloitte dropped the case in November 2005 after a reserve judgement from the High Court said the case was no longer in the best interest of creditors.

In March 2004 the Bank of India was ordered to pay $82m (£45m) in compensation by a British High Court judge after investigations revealed insider knowledge of deposits were used to defraud BCCI creditors.


History Channel:

“This Day in History” 


Bikini introduced

first-bikini... Louis Réard’s original string bikini modelled by exotic dancer Micheline Bernardini which caused a sensation and was made from just 30 square inches of fabric.

First-bikini… Louis Réard’s original string bikini modelled by exotic dancer Micheline Bernardini which caused a sensation and was made from just 30 square inches of fabric.

first-bikini... Louis Réard’s original string bikini modelled by exotic dancer Micheline Bernardini which caused a sensation and was made from just 30 square inches of fabric.

Louis Réard’s original string bikini modelled by exotic dancer Micheline Bernardini.

On July 5, 1946, French designer Louis Reard unveils a daring two-piece swimsuit at the Piscine Molitor, a popular swimming pool in Paris. Parisian showgirl Micheline Bernardini modeled the new fashion, which Reard dubbed “bikini,” inspired by a news-making U.S. atomic test that took place off the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean earlier that week.

European women first began wearing two-piece bathing suits that consisted of a halter top and shorts in the 1930s, but only a sliver of the midriff was revealed and the navel was vigilantly covered. In the United States, the modest two-piece made its appearance during World War II, when wartime rationing of fabric saw the removal of the skirt panel and other superfluous material. Meanwhile, in Europe, fortified coastlines and Allied invasions curtailed beach life during the war, and swimsuit development, like everything else non-military, came to a standstill.



Bikinis evolved


In 1946, Western Europeans joyously greeted the first war-free summer in years, and French designers came up with fashions to match the liberated mood of the people. Two French designers, Jacques Heim and Louis Reard, developed competing prototypes of the bikini. Heim called his the “atom” and advertised it as “the world’s smallest bathing suit.” Reard’s swimsuit, which was basically a bra top and two inverted triangles of cloth connected by string, was in fact significantly smaller. Made out of a scant 30 inches of fabric, Reard promoted his creation as “smaller than the world’s smallest bathing suit.” Reard called his creation the bikini, named after the Bikini Atoll.

In planning the debut of his new swimsuit, Reard had trouble finding a professional model who would deign to wear the scandalously skimpy two-piece. So he turned to Micheline Bernardini, an exotic dancer at the Casino de Paris, who had no qualms about appearing nearly nude in public. As an allusion to the headlines that he knew his swimsuit would generate, he printed newspaper type across the suit that Bernardini modeled on July 5 at the Piscine Molitor. The bikini was a hit, especially among men, and Bernardini received some 50,000 fan letters.


Before long, bold young women in bikinis were causing a sensation along the Mediterranean coast. Spain and Italy passed measures prohibiting bikinis on public beaches but later capitulated to the changing times when the swimsuit grew into a mainstay of European beaches in the 1950s. Reard’s business soared, and in advertisements he kept the bikini mystique alive by declaring that a two-piece suit wasn’t a genuine bikini “unless it could be pulled through a wedding ring.”


In prudish America, the bikini was successfully resisted until the early 1960s, when a new emphasis on youthful liberation brought the swimsuit en masse to U.S. beaches. It was immortalized by the pop singer Brian Hyland, who sang “Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka-Dot Bikini” in 1960, by the teenage “beach blanket” movies of Annette Funicello and Frankie Avalon, and by the California surfing culture celebrated by rock groups like the Beach Boys. Since then, the popularity of the bikini has only continued to grow.



Images from Today’s History:



Associated Press


History Channel



Elvis Presley holds his first major recording session

Elvis Presley records “That’s All Right (Mama)”

History credits Sam Phillips, the owner and operator of Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee, with the discovery of Elvis Presley, which is perfectly fair, though it fails to account for the roles of four others in making that discovery possible: The business partner who first spotted something special in Elvis, the two session men who vouched for his musical talent and the blues figure who wrote the song he was playing when Sam Phillips realized what he had on his hands. The song in question was “That’s All Right” by Arthur “Big Boy” Crudup, and Elvis’ unrehearsed performance of it—recorded by Sam Phillips on this day in 1954—is a moment some regard as the true beginning of the rock-and-roll revolution.

Elvis at Sun Studio

In 1954, Elvis Aaron Presley was working as a truck driver for $35 a week. Two years later, he was raking in $12,500 for a week’s work in Las Vegas. Before long, a surname was no longer required to invoke the megastar LIFE dubbed a “howling hillbilly success.”


.The sequence of events that led to this moment began when a young truck driver walked into the offices of Sun Records and the Memphis Recording Service on a Saturday night in the summer of 1953 and paid $3.98 plus tax to make an acetate record as a birthday present to his mother. Sam Phillips recorded Elvis singing “My Happiness” and “That’s When Your Heartaches Begin,” and he told his business partner Marion Kreisler something that made her write down “Good ballad singer. Hold” in her notes. It was Kreisler who was impressed enough by the incredibly shy young singer that she repeatedly brought his name up to Phillips over the next year and mentioned that he seemed worth following up with. In early July 1954, Phillips finally sent two of his favorite session musicians, guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, to go meet with Elvis and report back to him with their assessment. After talking and jamming a bit with Presley, Moore and Black gave Phillips a report that was hardly enthusiastic. “He didn’t knock me out,” Moore told Phillips, “[but] the boy’s got a good voice.” Phillips decided to take a flyer and schedule a recording session with Presley for July 5.

Phillips knew that something was brewing in the music world of 1954, and he had a pretty good idea what it would take to make the pot boil: A white singer who could sing “black” rhythm and blues. However, the first several hours of the July 5 session did nothing to convince Sam Phillips that Elvis was the one he’d been looking for. Elvis’s renditions of “Harbor Lights” and “I Love You Because” were stiff and uninspired, and after numerous takes and re-takes, Phillips called for a break. Rather than shoot the breeze with his fellow musicians or step outside for a breath of fresh air, Elvis began to mess around on the guitar, playing and singing “That’s All Right,” but at least twice as fast as the original.

Through an open door in the control room, Sam Phillips heard this unfamiliar rendition of a familiar blues number and knew he’d found the sound he’d been looking for. “[Phillips] stuck his head out and said ‘What are you doing?’” Scotty Moore later recalled. “And we said, ‘We don’t know.’ ‘Well, back up,’ Sam said, ‘try to find a place to start, and do it again.’”

Phillips continued recording with Elvis over the next two evenings, but he never captured anything as thrilling as he did that first night. Released to Memphis radio station WHBQ just two days after it was recorded, and then as a single two weeks later, Elvis Presley’s “That’s All Right (Mama)” became an instant regional hit and set him on his path toward stardom.


Hoy en la Historia del Mundo




Julio 5 se celebra…
  • centenario del nacimiento de Robert K. Merton.
  • Argelia – Día de la Independencia.
  • Cabo Verde – Día de la Independencia.
  • Isla de Man – Día del Parlamento.
  • Venezuela – Día de la Independencia
Julio 5 en la Historia del Mundo …
2009 Más de 150 muertos y 800 heridos, según fuentes oficiales, tras los disturbios acontecidos en Ürümqi, Xinjiang, República Popular China.
1998 Japón lanza una misión a Marte sumándose a la carrera espacial.
1996 Nace la oveja Dolly, primer animal clonado.
1991 Colombia: Se aprueba la Constitución actualmente vigente.
1975 Arthur Ashe, primer tenista de color vencedor del Campeonato de Wimbledon.
1975 Cabo Verde alcanza la independencia de Portugal.
1964 Nace la banda Pink Floyd
1962 Argelia se independiza de Francia.
1962 Cúcuta, Colombia: Fundación de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander
1954 Elvis Presley graba su primer comercial donde aparece cantando sus primeras 2 canciones
1951 William Shockley inventa el transistor de unión.
1950 Primer choque entre las fuerza estadounidenses y norcoreanas.
1950 Se reconoce a todos los judíos el derecho a vivir en Israel.
1946 El bikini se presenta en sociedad.
1946 II Guerra Mundial: Berlín es dividida en cuatro zonas gobernadas por los aliados
1943 II Guerra Mundial: Comienza la Batalla de Kursk, la batalla de tanques más larga librada en la historia.
1941 II Guerra Mundial: Las tropas alemanas alcanzan el río Dniéper.
1940 Gran Bretaña y el Régimen de Vichy francés rompen las relaciones diplomáticas.
1922 Holanda: Primeras elecciones en las que pueden votar las mujeres.
1884 Alemania toma posesión de Camerún.
1865 Gran Bretaña aprueba la primera ley del mundo que limita la velocidad de circulación.
1830 Francia invade Argelia
1811 Venezuela, se independiza de España, proclamada por Simón Bolívar y Francisco de Miranda.
1809 Primer día de la Batalla de Wagram, entre el ejército imperial francés de Napoleón y el Imperio Austríaco.
1807 Las milicias de Buenos Aires repelen la Segunda invasión inglesa a la ciudad
1687 Isaac Newton publica Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
1054 Los astrónomos chinos registran la explosión de la supernova que dará origen la actual Nebulosa del Cangrejo.
Nacimientos Notables en Julio 5 …
1982 Alberto Gilardino, futbolista italiano.
1980 Eva Green, actriz francesa.
1980 Jason Wade, lider de la banda estadounidense Lifehouse
1979 Amélie Mauresmo, tenista francesa.
1979 Shane Filan, integrante de la banda irlandesa Westlife
1977 Nicolas Kiefer, tenista alemán.
1977 Royce Da 5’9″, rapero estadounidense
1976 Bizarre (Rufus Johnson), rapero estadounidense, fundador de la banda de rap D12
1976 Marina Dias, modelo brasileña
1976 Nuno Gomes, futbolista portugues
1975 Hernán Crespo, futbolista argentino.
1974 Marcio Amoroso, futbolista brasileño
1970 Mac Dre, rapero estadounidense (m. 2004)
1968 Alex Zülle, ciclista suizo.
1968 Ken Akamatsu, dibujante japonés.
1966 Gianfranco Zola, futbolista italiano.
1966 Kai U. Jürgens, editor alemán.
1966 Laurence Ferrari, periodista y presentadora francesa.
1966 RZA, rapero estadounidense.
1964 Uxue Barkos, periodista y diputada española.
1958 Bill Watterson, historietista y caricaturista estadounidense.
1956 Patsy Pease, Actriz estadounidense
1950 Carlos Caszely, ex-futbolista y periodista chileno
1950 Michael Monarch,guitarrista estadounidense(Steppenwolf)
1939 Booker Edgerson, jugador de rugby estadounidense
1936 James Mirrlees, economista británico, Premio Nobel de Economía en 1996.
1928 Pierre Mauroy, político francés.
1928 Warren Oates, actor estadounidense (m. 1982).
1920 Rosalind Franklin, biologa molecular británica
1917 Stella Sierra, poetisa panameña.(† 1997).
1911 Georges Pompidou, político francés.
1910 Georges Vedel, profesor de Derecho público francés.
1904 Ernst Mayr, biólogo alemán.
1904 Milburn Stone, actor estadounidense.
1889 Jean Cocteau, artista francés.
1888 Herbert Spencer Gasser, fisiologo estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina en 1944.
1886 Evaristo Bozas Urrutia, periodista y escritor español.
1885 André Lhote, pintor cubista francés.
1885 Blas Infante, precursor del nacionalismo andaluz.
1882 Inayat Khan, sufí indio.
1860 Robert Bacon, politico estadounidense (m. 1919)
1853 Cecil Rhodes, empresario británico, fundador del estado de Rhodesia.
1829 Ignacio Mariscal, escritor y diplomatico mexicano.
1820 William John Macquorn Rankine, ingeniero y físico escocés.
1805 Fitz Roy, marino y meteorólogo británico.
Fallecimientos Notables en Julio 5 …
2008 René Reynaldo Harris, político y presidente nauruano (1999-2000, 2001-2003 y 2003-2004) (n. 1947).
2006 Kenneth Lay, empresario estadounidente, presidente de Enron Corporation.
2002 Katy Jurado, actriz mexicana.
2002 Ted Williams, beisbolista estadounidense.
1989 Ernesto Halffter, compositor español.
1983 Harry James, director de big band y trompetista estadounidense.
1969 Walter Gropius, arquitecto alemán.
1966 George de Hevesy, químico húngaro, premio Nobel de Química en 1943.
1936 Bonifacio Byrne, poeta cubano.
1927 Albrecht Kossel, médico alemán, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1910.
1882 Antonio Aguilar y Vela, astrónomo español.
1862 Heinrich Georg Bronn, geólogo y paleontólogo alemán.
1833 Joseph-Nicéphore Niepce, inventor francés.


History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  •  1946 Bikini introduced
  • American Revolution

  • 1775 Congress adopts Olive Branch Petition
  • Automotive

  • 1990 Automotive safety expert Amos Neyhart dies at age 91
  • Civil War

  • 1861 Union and Rebel forces clash at Carthage, Missouri
  • Cold War

  • 1959 U.S. visitors to Soviet exhibition in New York express their feelings
  • Crime

  • 1921 Sox accused of throwing World Series
  • Disaster

  • 1970 Pilot error causes crash in Toronto
  • General Interest

  • 1865 Salvation Army founded
  • 1950 First U.S. fatality in the Korean War
  • 1996 First successful cloning of a mammal
  • 2003 World Health Organization declares SARS contained worldwide
  • Hollywood

  • 1963 Edie Falco born
  • Literary

  • 1880 George Bernard Shaw quits his job
  • Music

  • 1954 Elvis Presley records “That’s All Right (Mama)”
  • Old West

  • 1896 Bill Doolin escapes from jail
  • Presidential

  • 1865 Conspirators court-martialed for plotting to kill Lincoln, Grant and Andrew Johnson
  • Sports

  • 1975 Ashe becomes first black man to win Wimbledon
  • Vietnam War

  • 1966 Governors express support for U.S. global commitments
  • World War I

  • 1914 Germany gives Austria-Hungary blank check assurance
  • World War II

  • 1940 United States passes Export Control Act



Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 


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“La historia es en realidad el registro de crímenes, locuras y adversidades de la humanidad” (E. Gibbon)