Febrero 27 en la historia: | bambinoides.com
Domingo 26 Febrero, 2017 19:45

Febrero 27 en la historia:

Independence Dominican Republic; Germany’s Reichstag burns, giving the Nazis under Adolf Hitler a pretext to seize absolute power;  A cease-fire ends the Persian Gulf War; New Orleanians take to the streets for Mardi Gras; Actress Elizabeth Taylor born; Children’s TV host Fred Rogers dies.

Today in History, Hoy en la Historia

 

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At the beginning of the 1800s, the colony of Santo Domingo, which had once been the headquarters of Spanish power in the New World was in its worst decline. Spain during this time was embroiled in the Peninsular War in Europe, and other various wars to maintain control of the Americas. With Spain’s resources spread among its global interest, Santo Domingo became neglected. This period is referred to as the España Boba era.The population of the Spanish colony stood at approximately 80,000 with the vast majority being European descendants and free people of color. Santo Domingo’s plantation economy never truly flourished, because of this the black slave population had been significantly lower than that of the neighboring Saint-Domingue, which was nearing a million slaves before the Haitian Revolution.
During this period in time the Spanish crown wielded little to no influence in the colony of Santo Domingo. Some wealthy cattle ranchers had become leaders, and sought to bring control and order in the southeast of the colony where the “law of machete” ruled the land. On November 9, 1821 the former Captain general in charge of the colony, José Núñez de Cáceres, influenced by all the Revolutions that were going on around him, finally decided to overthrow the Spanish government and declared independence from Spanish rule, this would usher in an Ephemeral Independence, as the nation would be united with Haiti shortly after.

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The Dominican Independence War gave the Dominican Republic autonomy from Haiti on February 27, 1844. Before the war, the island of Hispaniola had been united under the Haitian government for a period of 22 years when the newly independent nation, then known as the Republic of Spanish Haiti, was invaded by Haiti in 1822. Previously known as the Captaincy General of Santo Domingo, the criollo class within the country overthrew the Spanish crown in 1821 before unifying with Haiti a year later.At the time Haiti had been more economically and militarily powerful and had a population 8 to 10 times larger than the former Spanish colony, having been the richest colony in the western hemisphere before the Haitian Revolution. Dominican military officers agreed to merge the newly independent nation with Haiti, as they sought for political stability under the Haitian president Jean-Pierre Boyer, and were attracted to Haiti’s perceived wealth and power at the time. However, due to the Haitian government’s mismanagement, heavy military disputes, and an economic crisis the Haitian government became increasingly unpopular, thus the Dominican people decided to forcefully overthrow the Haitian government with no compromises.
After winning the war and ousting the Haitian occupying force from the country, Dominican nationalists fought against a series of attempted Haitian invasions that served to consolidate their independence from 1844 to 1856. Under the command of the “emperor” Faustin Soulouque Haitian soldiers would make incessant attacks to try to gain back control of the territory, but these efforts were to no avail as the Dominicans would go on to decisively win every battle henceforth.

Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

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This Day in History

History Channel

1827

New Orleanians take to the streets for Mardi Gras

On this day in 1827, a group of masked and costumed students dance through the streets of New Orleans, Louisiana, marking the beginning of the city’s famous Mardi Gras celebrations.The celebration of Carnival–or the weeks between Twelfth Night on January 6 and Ash Wednesday, the beginning of the Christian period of Lent–spread from Rome across Europe and later to the Americas. Nowhere in the United States is Carnival celebrated as grandly as in New Orleans, famous for its over-the-top parades and parties for Mardi Gras (or Fat Tuesday), the last day of the Carnival season.
The LSU Tiger Marching Band during the Rex Parade on Mardi Gras day in New Orleans

The LSU Tiger Marching Band during the Rex Parade on Mardi Gras day in New Orleans

Though early French settlers brought the tradition of Mardi Gras to Louisiana at the end of the 17th century, Spanish governors of the province later banned the celebrations. After Louisiana became part of the United States in 1803, New Orleanians managed to convince the city council to lift the ban on wearing masks and partying in the streets. The city’s new Mardi Gras tradition began in 1827 when the group of students, inspired by their experiences studying in Paris, donned masks and jester costumes and staged their own Fat Tuesday festivities.

The parties grew more and more popular, and in 1833 a rich plantation owner named Bernard Xavier de Marigny de Mandeville raised money to fund an official Mardi Gras celebration. After rowdy revelers began to get violent during the 1850s, a secret society called the Mistick Krewe of Comus staged the first large-scale, well-organized Mardi Gras parade in 1857.

It is an exciting time for women in New Orleans, and seeing this evolution of female empowerment first-hand is an experience you will never forget. Members of the Pussyfooters Marching Club parade along with the Krewe of Toath along St. Charles Avenue during the weekend before Mardi Gras in New Orleans, Louisiana February 10, 2013. REUTERS/Sean Gardner (UNITED STATES - Tags: ENTERTAINMENT SOCIETY) ORG XMIT: NEW007

It is an exciting time for women in New Orleans, and seeing this evolution of female empowerment first-hand is an experience you will never forget. Members of the Pussyfooters Marching Club parade along with the Krewe of Toath along St. Charles Avenue during the weekend before Mardi Gras in New Orleans, Louisiana February 10, 2013. REUTERS/Sean Gardner

Over time, hundreds of krewes formed, building elaborate and colorful floats for parades held over the two weeks leading up to Fat Tuesday. Riders on the floats are usually local citizens who toss “throws” at passersby, including metal coins, stuffed toys or those now-infamous strands of beads. Though many tourists mistakenly believe Bourbon Street and the historic French Quarter are the heart of Mardi Gras festivities, none of the major parades have been allowed to enter the area since 1979 because of its narrow streets.

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In February 2006, New Orleans held its Mardi Gras celebrations despite the fact that Hurricane Katrina had devastated much of the city with massive flooding the previous August. Attendance was at only 60-70 percent of the 300,000-400,000 visitors who usually attend Mardi Gras, but the celebration marked an important step in the recovery of the city, which counts on hospitality and tourism as its single largest industry.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Febrero 27 se celebra…
  • Día de la Independencia Nacional de República Dominicana .
Febrero 27 en la Historia del Mundo …
1989 En Venezuela se inician una serie de manifestaciones y saqueos en Caracas conocidas como el Caracazo.
1981 Manifestaciones multitudinarias en todas las capitales españolas en apoyo del sistema democrático y de rechazo del intento de golpe de Estado del 23 de febrero.
1980 En Colombia el Movimiento 19 de Abril se toma la embajada de República Dominicana durante una recepción diplomática para celebrar la fiesta nacional de este país.
1976 El Frente Polisario proclama la República Árabe Saharaui Democrática.
1971 A causa de graves disturbios en Cali, se declara el estado de sitio en todo el territorio de Colombia.
1967 Adopción de Bandera de Antigua y Barbuda.
1965 Con la aprobación del Presidente Lyndon B. Johnson, la aviación y artillería estadounidense inician la escalada en la guerra contra Vietnam del Norte.
1962 El Partido del Congreso gana las elecciones generales de la India y logra 354 de los 494 escaños del Parlamento.
1952 Fundación de la Universidad Técnica del Estado de Chile, hoy Universidad de Santiago de Chile.
1933 Incendio del parlamento alemán (Reichstag).
1920 Estreno de “El Gabinete del doctor Cagliari”, de Robert Wiene, muestra cinematográfica del expresionismo alemán.
1919 Un incendio destruye el Palacio Municipal de la capital de El Salvador.
1918 Creación del Ejército Rojo soviético, por León Trotsky.
1905 El escritor ruso Máximo Gorki es liberado bajo fianza y exiliado en Riga.
1900 Se funda el equipo FC Bayern de Múnich.
1900 Se funda el Partido Laborista Británico.
1881 Derrotan las tropas británicas para los Boers en África del Sur
1880 Combate Naval de Arica (Chile), en los días de la Guerra del Pacífico. En él muere el comandante Manuel Thompson.
1879 Cesáreo Guillermo y Bastardo inicia su segundo mandato como presidente de la República Dominicana.
1844 La República Dominicana gana su independencia de Haití. El General Pedro Santana es elegido Presidente.
1812 Manuel Belgrano, patriota argentino toma como símbolo de la lucha por la independencia el celeste y el blanco, que formarán más tarde la bandera de Argentina.
1807 El marinero Alejandro Malaspina da cuenta al virrey de Buenos Aires de haber practicado un reconocimiento de la Tierra del Fuego y de la costa patagónica y expolorado los ríos Santa Cruz y Gallegos.
1767 Pragmática sanción de Carlos III de España por lo que se expulsa a los jesuitas de todos los dominios de la Monarquía Española.
1594 Enrique IV es coronado como Rey de Francia.
1560 Firman el Tratado de Berhick, pidiendo la expulsión de los franceses de Escocia.
Nacimientos Notables en Febrero 27 …
1985 Fefe Dobson, cantante canadiense.
1981 Josh Groban, cantautor y barítono estadounidense.
1980 Bobby Valentino, cantante estadounidense.
1963 Pablo De Santis, escritor argentino.
1960 Andrés Gómez, tenista ecuatoriano.
1957 Adrian Smith, guitarrista de Iron Maiden.
1956 Antonio Trevín Lombán, presidente del Principado de Asturias.
1954 Neal Schon, integrante de la banda Journey.
1947 Giuseppe Bertolucci, director y guionista italiano.
1943 Carlos Alberto Parreira, entrenador brasileño.
1943 Morten Lauridsen, compositor estadounidense.
1942 Robert H. Grubbs, científico estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Química en 2005.
1935 Mirella Freni, soprano italiana.
1934 N. Scott Momaday, escritor estadounidense.
1934 Ralph Nader, activista y abogado estadounidense.
1934 Vincent Fourcade, diseñador de interiores franco-estadounidense.
1932 Elizabeth Taylor, actriz estadounidense.
1930 Joanne Woodward, actriz estadounidense.
1929 Djalma Santos, futbolista brasileño.
1928 Ariel Sharon, primer ministro de Israel.
1926 David Hunter Hubel, Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina en 1981.
1923 Dexter Gordon, jazzista estadounidense.
1917 John Connally, político estadounidense.
1915 Leopoldo Castedo, historiador español nacionalizado chileno.
1912 Lawrence Durrell, escritor y novelista británico.
1910 Joan Bennett, actriz estadounidense
1907 Mildred Bailey, cantante de jazz estadounidense.
1904 André Leducq, ciclista francés.
1902 Gene Sarazen, golfista estadounidense.
1902 John Steinbeck, escritor estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1962.
1899 Charles Best, médico canadiense.
1897 Marian Anderson, Cantante estadounidense.
1888 Lotte Lehmann, cantante alemana.
1863 Joaquín Sorolla, pintor español.
1861 Rudolf Steiner, filósofo austriaco.
1848 Sir Charles Hubert Hastings Parry, compositor ingles
1833 Leandro Valle, militar y diputado liberal mexicano.
1823 Ernesto Renan, filósofo e historiador francés.
1807 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poeta estadounidense.
1793 Baldomero Espartero, militar y político español.
1785 Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza, caudillo de la independencia de Chile.
0274 Constantino I el Grande, emperador romano que fundó Constantinopla.
Fallecimientos Notables en Febrero 27 …
2008 William F. Buckley, Jr., periodista y escritor estadounidense (n. 1925).
2004 Paul Sweezy, economista estadounidense.
2001 José García Nieto, escritor y poeta español.
1998 George H. Hitchings, Premio Nobel en 1988.
1993 Lillian Gish, actriz estadounidense.
1989 Konrad Lorenz, naturalista austríaco.
1977 John Dickson Carr, escritor estadounidense.
1941 James Joyce, escritor irlandés.
1936 Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, fisiólogo ruso, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1904.
1894 Dámaso Zabalza, compositor y pianista español.
1887 Alexander Borodin, compositor ruso.
1854 Félicité Robert de Lamennais, filósofo y teólogo francés.
1827 Simón de Rojas, botánico español.
1811 Mateo de Toro y Zambrano, conde de la Conquista, presidente de la primera Junta Nacional de Gobierno de Chile (1810–1811).
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1827 New Orleanians take to the streets for Mardi Gras
  • American Revolution

  • 1776 Patriots score early victory at Moores Creek, North
  • Automotive

  • 1934 Auto safety crusader Ralph Nader born
  • Civil War

  • 1864 Federal prisoners begin arriving at Andersonville
  • Cold War

  • 1972 “Shanghai Communique” issued
  • Crime

  • 1991 Video recreates the crime
  • Disaster

  • 1943 Mine explosion kills 74 in Montana
  • General Interest

  • 1897 Britain recognizes U.S. authority over Western Hemisphere
  • 1922 Supreme Court defends women’s voting rights
  • 1964 Leaning Tower needs help
  • 1973 AIM occupation of Wounded Knee begins
  • Hollywood

  • 1936 Shirley Temple receives $50,000 per film
  • Literary

  • 1915 The Valley of Fear is published
  • Music

  • 1980 “I Will Survive” wins the first—and last—Grammy ever awarded for Best Disco Recording
  • Old West

  • 1973 AIM takes Wounded Knee
  • Presidential

  • 1860 Mathew Brady photographs presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln
  • Sports

  • 1960 U.S. Olympic hockey team beats Soviet Union
  • Vietnam War

  • 1962 Diem survives coup attempt
  • 1965 United States assails North Vietnamese “aggression”
  • 1969 Communist offensive continues
  • World War I

  • 1916 Austrians occupy Durazzo in Albania
  • World War II

  • 1942 U.S. aircraft carrier Langley is sunk
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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(Media - Bambinoides)


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