Febrero 26 en la historia: | bambinoides.com

Febrero 26 en la historia:

Communist Manifesto 1st published; Synod says ‘yes’ to women priests; The 1993 bombing of New York’s World Trade Center; President Ronald Reagan rebuked over Iran-Contra Scandal; France’s Napoleon Bonaparte escapes exile on Elba; Singers Fats Domino and Johnny Cash born.

 

Today in History, Hoy en la Historia

 

The Manifesto of the Communist Party

The Manifesto of the Communist Party was drafted as its party program by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels in Brussels at the order of the second congress of the League of Communists (December 2-8, 1847) and was first published by the order of the central authority of the league in the German language in an anonymous booklet of twenty three printed pages in London at the end of February 1848, just prior to the outbreak of the French February revolution. The Manifesto marked the end of a year-long discussion within the League of the Just about the objectives and methods of proletarian emancipation and implied the conclusion of its transformation into the League of Communists. In Marxist literature this publication, which marked a milestone in the theoretical evolution of Marx and Engels and reflected the crucial principles of their world view in a relatively self-contained and complete form, is held to be the birth certificate of scientific socialism, which was fundamentally distinct from utopian socialism. Brought into its final version by Marx, it undoubtedly was the most brilliant and widely read writing of Marx and Engels; thanks to its down-to-earth analysis of society with its concise and cogent portrayal of a humanizing-liberating perspective for workers and the urgent demands for a revolutionary transformation of society. It was the most effective and most widely read publication of the modern working-class movement.netherlands_germany_manifest_marx_engels-1

The Manifesto was subdivided into four sections. Starting from the thesis that past history was a history of class struggles which have always ended either “in a revolutionary re-constitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes,” the authors in the comprehensive first section outlined the historical genesis of modern capitalist society on the basis of economic processes; they assigned the “most revolutionary part” to the bourgeoisie in its efforts to transform productive forces and social and political relations. Then they described the emergence of the social counterpart of bourgeoisie derived from the internal processes of development and the contradictions of bourgeoisie society. The proletariat developed from the ruin of the middle classes; by conflicts and controversy it formed an independently acting class in its battles with the bourgeoisie. They assigned it the historic task of overthrowing the bourgeoisie, establishing its own rule and, with the elimination of its own conditions of subsistence, liquidating all kinds of class rule and creating a classless society.

The second section, under the heading “Proletarians and Communists” provided Marx and Engels’s initial concept of the party. The section started from the assumption that communists “have no interests separate and apart from those of the proletariat as a whole.” With their theoretical “understanding (of) the line of march, the conditions, and the ultimate general results of the proletariat movement” Marx and Engels characterized the role of communists as the “most advanced and resolute section of the working-class parties of every country that section that pushes forward all others,” without raising any special claims on the kind of model “according to which they want to form the proletarian movement.” This section, apart from a detailed polemics countering attacks on communism, included a definition of the political and social aims of the working-class movement: “Formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of the rule of bourgeoisie” and “raising the proletariat to the position of ruling class, to win the battle of democracy” for the purpose of abolishing bourgeoisie property and for the creation of an “association in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all.” Then a ten-point program was proposed for the introduction of a “working-class revolution.”

The third section contained a detailed criticism of the different streams of the pre-Marxist utopian socialism, such as the “Critical-Utopian Socialism and Communism.” Historical explanations were based on the undeveloped social conditions: a reflection of the feudal-aristocratic, bourgeoisie and petty-bourgeoisie classes on the deep-seated social contradictions of the emerging bourgeoisie society and on the “basis of the “underdeveloped state of the proletariat, such as…the lack of material conditions for its liberation.” In the opinion of Marx and Engels the utopians were principally reactionary, because they improved only the existing social relations, but did not eliminate them, or “Critical Utopian Socialism and Communism,” despite all the positive criticism on the capitalist system, were morally motivated or based on natural right in a future society, instead of substantiating the historical need of a society free of exploitation. The fourth and shortest section not only defined the “position of the Communists in relation to the various existing opposition parties” in France, Switzerland, Poland and Germany, but also delineated the general line of policy and tactics to be expected in the revolution: “Support for every revolutionary movement against the existing social and political order of things,” with emphasis on the “property question” as the “leading question of the movement” and, for this purpose, the active participation in the “union and agreement of the democratic parties of all countries,” but at the same time the strict observance and vigorous awareness of the “hostile opposition between bourgeoisie and proletariat” in order to be able to immediately take up the struggle against the bourgeoisie after the overthrow of the reactionary nobility class. The Manifesto concluded with the internationalist battle-cry “Working Men of All Countries, Unite!” adopted by the I. International Working Men’s Association and carried by the first congress of the League of Communists (June 1847) as the motto of the party.

The Communist Manifesto, taken back to Germany in March and April 1848 by the returning members if the league, exerted no massive influence during the revolution. In the year of the revolution it had gone through two editions of several thousand copies and was published in partially in newspapers, so it was discussed in workers’ associations. It provided the basis for the reorganization of the League of Communists between 1849 and 1852 and even after the league’s dissolution it remained the most important source for communication and understanding among members of the league. The Manifesto stated that it would be published in English, French, German, Italian, Flemish, and Danish languages. The first translation was in Swedish in 1848; it was followed in 1850 by a partial translation into English in which, as in the reprint of the third section in the last volume of the Neue Rheinische Zeitung – Politisch-ökonomische Revue, the names of Marx and Engels were for the first time mentioned as the authors of the book. In 1869 a Russian translation and in 1872 a French translation were published. Only with the development of proletarian mass parties in several countries was it possible for the Manifesto to reach its great impact in the last third of the 19th century. With some thousand copies printed up to 1871, the new edition by the Zurich edition of the Sozialdemokrat reached twenty thousand. In 1890 Engels described the Manifesto as the “most widely distributed, the most international product of the entire socialist literature.” Since then it has been published in some thousand editions and in more than a hundred languages.

 


Bibliography
Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Manifesto of the Communist Party.
Bert Andreas, ed. Gründungsdokumente des Bundes der Kommunisten Hamburg 1969.
Bert Andreas. Le Manifest Communiste des Marx et Engels: Histoire et Bibliographie 1848 – 1918. Milan, 1963.
Rolf Dlubek, Editha Nagl and Inge Werchan “Zur Wirkungsgeschichte des Kommunistischen Manifests in der deutschen Arbeiterbewegung” Beiträge zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung, 1973 II 197-228; 1974, II, 225-259.
Martin Hundt Wie das “Manifest” entstand Berlin 1985.

Walter Schmidt

 

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred”

1987:

Synod says ‘yes’ to women priests

Archbishop Robert Runcie

Archbishop Robert Runcie said there would be an inquiry before a final decision was made

The Church of England’s General Synod has voted by a huge majority to clear the way for the ordination of women priests.The Church of England has been debating the issue for 10 years and the final go-ahead is still some years away.

The Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Robert Runcie, supported the yes vote but was careful to point out the Church would study an inquiry to be carried out by a committee of bishops before it reached a final decision.

He also said those who warned the issue would cause a split the Church were suffering from “premature panic”.

The Bishop of London, Dr Graham Leonard, who is against the move retracted earlier threats to leave or divide the Church.

Am I called to walk tall in society and to walk small in the Church?
Sister Carol, Nun

But talk of a split in the Church dominated the debate today in the Synod.The Government Junior Agriculture Minister John Gummer, a lay member, said: “It would no longer be the church into which I was born, which I love and in which I pray to die.

“That is not a threat, it’s a statement.”

Sister Carol, a nun from Worcestershire, told those present women had a right to become priests.

She said: “Am I called to walk tall in society and to walk small in the Church?”

A spokesperson for the Movement for the Ordination of Women said members would be “absolutely delighted” by the vote.

The synod is divided into three houses – bishops, clergy and laymen. Overall 317 (68%) voted for and 145 against.

Only the House of Clergy had less than the significant two-thirds majority. The final vote will require a two-thirds majority in all three houses.

In Context

The synod voted in favour again in 1992 and the first woman priest was ordained in Bristol on 12 March 1994.The issue threatened to hamper efforts to forge closer links with the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches and caused prominent Conservative politicians Ann Widdecombe and John Gummer to defect to the Catholic Church.

By April 1998 there were more than 1,700 women priests.

But a survey carried out by the Manufacturing, Science and Finance Union in six out of 44 dioceses found that many complained of bullying and even sexual harassment from male colleagues.

The Church of England set up a working party in 2000 to consider the licensing of women bishops. The general synod will vote on the issue in summer 2005.

Anglican churches in the USA have had women bishops since 1989.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press


History Channel

 
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This Day in History

History Channel

1993

World Trade Center bombed

At 12:18 p.m., a terrorist bomb explodes in a parking garage of the World Trade Center in New York City, leaving a crater 60 feet wide and causing the collapse of several steel-reinforced concrete floors in the vicinity of the blast. Although the terrorist bomb failed to critically damage the main structure of the skyscrapers, six people were killed and more than 1,000 were injured. The World Trade Center itself suffered more than $500 million in damage. After the attack, authorities evacuated 50,000 people from the buildings, hundreds of whom were suffering from smoke inhalation. The evacuation lasted the whole afternoon.

City authorities and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) undertook a massive manhunt for suspects, and within days several radical Islamic fundamentalists were arrested. In March 1994, Mohammed Salameh, Ahmad Ajaj, Nidal Ayyad, and Mahmoud Abouhalima were convicted by a federal jury for their role in the bombing, and each was sentenced to life in prison. Salameh, a Palestinian, was arrested when he went to retrieve the $400 deposit he had left for the Ryder rental van used in the attack. Ajaj and Ayyad, who both played a role in the construction of the bomb, were arrested soon after. Abouhalima, who helped buy and mix the explosives, fled to Saudi Arabia but was caught in Egypt two weeks later.

The mastermind of the attack–Ramzi Ahmed Yousef–remained at large until February 1995, when he was arrested in Pakistan. He had previously been in the Philippines, and in a computer he left there were found terrorist plans that included a plot to kill Pope John Paul II and a plan to bomb 15 American airliners in 48 hours. On the flight back to the United States, Yousef reportedly admitted to a Secret Service agent that he had directed the Trade Center attack from the beginning and even claimed to have set the fuse that exploded the 1,200-pound bomb. His only regret, the agent quoted Yousef saying, was that the 110-story tower did not collapse into its twin as planned–a catastrophe that would have caused thousands of deaths.

Eyad Ismoil, who drove the Ryder van into the parking garage below the World Trade Center, was captured in Jordan that year and taken back to New York. All the men implicated had ties to Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman, a radical Egyptian religious leader who operated out of Jersey City, New Jersey, located just across the Hudson River from Manhattan. In 1995, Rahman and 10 followers were convicted of conspiring to blow up the United Nations headquarters and other New York landmarks. Prosecutors argued that the World Trade Center attack was part of that conspiracy, though little clear evidence of this charge was presented.

In November 1997, Yousef and Ismoil were convicted in a courtroom only a few blocks away from the twin towers and subsequently sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. Only one other man believed to be directly involved in the attack, Iraqi Abdul Rahman Yasin, remains at large.

After the 1998 bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, U.S. investigators began to suspect that Yousef had ties to Saudi exile Osama bin Laden, the head of the anti-U.S. al Qaeda terrorist network. Whether bin Laden was in fact involved in the 1993 twin tower attacks has not been determined, but on September 11, 2001, two groups of al Qaeda terrorists finished the job begun by Yousef, crashing two hijacked airliners into the north and south tower of the World Trade Center. The structural steel of the skyscrapers could not withstand the tremendous heat generated by the burning jet fuel, and both collapsed within two hours of being struck. Close to 3,000 people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including a staggering 343 firefighters and 23 policemen who were struggling to complete the evacuation and save the office workers trapped on higher floors. Only six people in the World Trade Center towers at the time of their collapse survived. Almost 10,000 other people were treated for injuries, many severe.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Febrero 26 en la Historia del Mundo …
2008 Apertura oficial de la Bóveda Global de Semillas de Svalbard, el almacén de semillas más grande del mundo.
2006 1.500 presos talibanes y de Al Qaeda se amotinan en un penal de alta seguridad en Afganistán.
2006 Chile: Segundo concierto de U2 en Santiago.
2006 La policía detiene en Bilbao a un miembro de los GRAPO buscado por el asesinato de una empresaria en Zaragoza el 6 de febrero.
2006 Mueren nueve pasajeros de un autobús en un ataque de las FARC en Caquetá [Colombia].
2006 Se descubre un templo solar con varias estatuas monumentales, una de las cuales podría pertenecer a Ramsés II, en un mercadillo a las afueras de El Cairo, situado sobre la antigua Heliópolis.
2006 Una bomba casera estalla junto a una sucursal bancaria en Vitoria y causa heridas leves a dos personas.
2005 Los Mossos d’Esquadra detienen en Barcelona a Rafaelle Amato, jefe de uno de los clanes de la Camorra.
2005 Mueren cuatro personas en el incendio de un rascacielos en Taiwán.
2004 Estados Unidos: el gobierno elimina una prohibición de viajes a Libia que duró 23 años.
2004 Europa y Rusia llegan a un acuerdo para lanzar cohetes Soyuz desde la base espacial de la Agencia Espacial Europea situada en Kourou (Guayana francesa).
2004 Se inaugura en Valladolid una exposición para conmemorar el quinto centenario de la muerte de Isabel la Católica.
2004 Todos los partidos democráticos, salvo el PP, respaldan una manifestación contra ETA en Barcelona.
2003 Se estrella un avión militar con 26 ocupantes en las montañas colombianas.
2002 ACNUR y la ONG Save the Children denuncian que al menos sesenta cooperantes abusaron sexualmente de menores mientras desarrollaban presuntas labores humanitarias en Liberia, Guinea y Sierra Leona.
2001 El ministro de Interior español, Jaime Mayor Oreja, abandona el ministerio de Interior para presentar su candidatura a lehendakari.
2001 Los ministros de Exteriores de los quince países miembros de la Unión Europea suscriben el Tratado de Niza, acordado en diciembre de 2000, para permitir la adaptación de las instituciones comunitarias a la ampliación prevista de la organización.
2001 Se firma el Tratado de Niza
1998 El Tribunal Supremo español condena al ex presidente de Banesto, Mario Conde, a 4 años y seis meses de prisión por un delito de apropiación indebida, mientras la Audiencia Nacional de Madrid, condena al ex director de la Guardia Civil, Luis Roldán, a 28 años de cárcel por malversación de caudales públicos, estafa, cohecho y cinco delitos contra la Hacienda Pública.
1995 El G-7 acuerda en Bruselas los principios comunes que conducirán a la creación de “la sociedad de la información” a escala mundial.
1993 Explosión en World Trade Center de Nueva York.
1992 El Tribunal Supremo irlandés permite a una muchacha, que quedó embarazada a causa de una violación, que viaje fuera del país para interrumpir su embarazo.
1991 El Partido Nacionalista de Bangladesh gana las primeras elecciones libres en este país tras catorce años de Gobierno militar.
1991 Estados Unidos: Tim Berners-Lee presenta el navegador para internet.
1991 Fuerzas estadounidenses y kuwaitíes entran en Kuwait City, abandonada por las invasoras tropas iraquíes.
1991 La policía española decomisa en Canarias dos toneladas de cocaína en un barco en alta mar, procedente de Colombia y con destino final en Galicia y su red de narcotráfico.
1990 Al menos 79 personas pierden la vida a causa de los huracanes desatados en Europa central.
1990 Nicaragua: los sandinistas son derrotados en las elecciones presidenciales.
1989 El británico Colin Jackson logra el récord mundial de los 60 metros vallas, con un crono de 7″41, en Sindelfingen (RFA).
1989 El luxemburgués Marc Girardelli se adjudica en Whistler Mountain (Canadá) su tercera Copa del mundo de esquí alpino.
1989 Visita de George Bush a Pekín, mientras la policía impide al astrofísico disidente Fang Lizhi reunirse con el presidente norteamericano.
1987 José Antonio Ardanza es reelegido lehendakari del Gobierno vasco por mayoría absoluta en la primera votación del Parlamento.
1986 Se estrena la película El río de oro, del director español Jaime Chávarri.
1984 Elecciones al Parlamento vasco, en las que el Partido Nacionalista Vasco (PNV) obtiene el 41,69% de los votos, seguido del Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE), con el 23,22%.
1983 El ajedrecista ruso Boris Spassky vence a su compatriota Anatoli Karpov y se adjudica el trofeo de Linares.
1981 España: Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo toma posesión de la Presidencia del Gobierno español.
1980 Concluye en España el juicio por “la matanza de Atocha”.
1978 Inaugurado el V Congreso Popular Nacional Chino.
1978 Reelección de Leopold Sedar Senghor a la presidencia de Senegal.
1978 Victoria del partido liberal en las elecciones generales celebradas en Colombia con Julio César Turbay como candidato a la presidencia.
1977 Traslado de la nave espacial estadounidense Space Shuttle en el dorso de un Boeing 747 modificado.
1976 Evacuación española del Sahara Occidental.
1963 Servicios especiales franceses raptan en Múnich al ex coronel Argoud, dirigente de la OA
1961 El príncipe heredero Muley Hassan es nombrado rey de Marruecos al morir su padre, Mohamed V.
1960 La princesa Margaret Rose, hermana de la reina Isabel II de Inglaterra, da a conocer su compromiso con el fotógrafo de la corte, Anthony Armstrong-Jones.
1958 Orden del Ministerio de Obras Públicas español por la que todos los vehículos motorizados deberán ir provistos, en carretera, de espejo retrovisor.
1956 Inauguración en México D.F. del palacio deportivo “Arena México”, con capacidad para 18.500 personas sentadas.
1954 Mao Zedong mantiene conversaciones con dirigentes comunistas en Moscú.
1952 Estreno en Barcelona de la película Lola la piconera, protagonizada por Juanita Reina.
1951 Ratificación de la XXIII enmienda de la Constitución estadounidense, que prohíbe a un presidente mantenerse en el cargo más de dos mandatos consecutivos.
1949 Es depuesto el presidente paraguayo, el general Raimundo Rolón.
1948 Se constituye en España el Consejo del Reino, establecido por la ley de Sucesión a la Jefatura del Estado.
1947 Es aprobada en el Congreso de la Unión junto con la Comisión de Tesechoacán
1946 El Presidente de México Miguel Alemán Valdés crea el Acuerdo Presidencial por la cual surge la Comisión del Papaloapan Y en…
1945 Fuerzas soviéticas atacan por Pomerania y llegan al Mar Báltico.
1944 Ataque aéreo soviético sobre Helsinki.
1940 En el transcurso de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, el destructor británico “Cossak” aborda al buque-tanque alemán “Altmark” y libera a los 300 prisioneros ingleses que transportaba.
1936 Alemania: Un nuevo vehículo, práctico y de bajo costo es introducido por el Tercer Reich, el Volkswagen.
1936 Frustrado golpe de Estado en Japón, en el que son asesinados el jefe del Gobierno, Okada, y varios ministros.
1932 Entra en vigor la ley del divorcio en España.
1930 Se extiende el movimiento revolucionario en la República Dominicana y los rebeldes se hacen dueños del norte y centro del país.
1927 El púgil español Paulino Uzcudun vence por puntos al danés Hansen en Nueva York.
1925 Vista de la causa contra el catedrático español de la Universidad de Granada Fernando de los Ríos.
1924 Apertura del proceso contra Hitler y Ludendorff a consecuencia del Putsch de Múnich.
1916 El mariscal Joffre pone a Pétain al frente del Segundo Ejército francés.
1914 El primer ministro inglés Asquith replantea la idea del servicio militar obligatorio.
1913 El Congreso de EE.UU. aprueba los gastos de la Armada, que prevé la construcción de nuevas unidades.
1910 Estreno en el Teatro de la Comedia de Madrid de La difunta, de Miguel de Unamuno.
1909 Austria-Hungría y Turquía llegan a un acuerdo sobre Bosnia y Herzegovina.
1909 Las Cortes españolas aprueban un proyecto de ley para la creación de un Teatro Nacional con subvención del Estado.
1908 Con las obras Catalanesques, de Millet, y la cantata Glosa, de Felip Pedrell (con letra de Maragall), se inaugura el Palau de la Música Catalana en Barcelona.
1904 España: el Congreso aprueba el proyecto de ley sobre el servicio militar obligatorio.
1902 Prosiguen las lluvias en Sevilla y las aguas del Guadalquivir alcanzan cinco metros por encima de su nivel.
1902 Se celebra el centenario del nacimiento de Victor Hugo.
1901 Dimite el Gobierno de Marcelo Azcárraga, tras sangrientos choques entre fuerzas armadas y el pueblo madrileño con motivo del entierro del poeta Campoamor.
1871 Se firman los preliminares de la paz entre Francia y el nuevo Imperio Alemán, tras la guerra franco-prusiana.
1869 Cuba: la Asamblea Patriótica de Camagüey declara abolida la esclavitud.
1817 Chile: aparece “La Gaceta del Supremo Gobierno de Chile”, primera publicación chilena después de la independencia.
1815 Francia: fuga de Napoleón de la isla de Elba, dando inicio al Gobierno de cien días.
1658 Se firma la Paz de Roskilde entre Suecia y Dinamarca, por la que se pone fin a la guerra de los Belt.
1561 Bolivia : Fundación de la ciudad Santa Cruz de la Sierra a orillas del arroyo Sutó, en la serrania de Chiquitos, por el capitan realista Ñuflo de Chávez.
1554 El jefe araucano Lautaro vence en la Batalla de Marigueñu (Chile) a las tropas de Francisco de Villagra, teniente general de la gobernación desde 1547 y jefe de la campaña española contra los araucanos.
1498 España: colocación de la primera piedra de la Universidad Complutense en Alcalá de Henares, fundada por el cardenal Cisneros.
Nacimientos Notables en Febrero 26 …
1984 Emmanuel Adebayor, futbolista togolés.
1984 Natalia Lafourcade, cantante mexicana.
1979 Corinne Bailey Rae, cantante británica.
1974 Sébastien Loeb, piloto francés de rallies.
1973 André Tanneberger, DJ alemán.
1973 Jenny Thompson, nadadora estadounidense.
1973 Ole Gunnar Solskjær, futbolista noruego.
1971 Erykah Badu, cantante estadounidense.
1971 Max Martin, compositor sueco.
1963 Nacho Cano, músico español
1962 Greg Germann, actor estadounidense.
1958 Michel Houellebecq, escritor francés.
1956 Andrés Hernando García, torero español.
1954 Michael Bolton, cantante estadounidense.
1954 Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Primer ministro de Turquía.
1953 Michael Bolton, cantante estadounidense.
1951 Lee Atwater, político estadounidense.
1950 Helen Clark, Primer Ministro de Nueva Zelanda
1949 Emma Kirkby, soprano inglesa.
1947 Sandie Shaw, cantante británica.
1946 Ahmed H. Zewail, químico egipcio, Premio Nobel de Química en 1999.
1945 Bob Hite, músico canadiense (Canned Heat).
1945 Marta Kristen, actriz noruega.
1942 Tina Sáinz, actriz española.
1937 Eduardo Arroyo, pintor y escultor español.
1932 Johnny Cash, cantante de música country estadounidense.
1928 Fats Domino, músico estadounidense.
1927 Manuel Conde Pumpido, magistrado español.
1926 Gabino Díaz Merchán, arzobispo de Oviedo, presidente de la Conferencia Episcopal española.
1926 Miroslava Stern, actriz mexicana.
1921 Betty Hutton, actriz estadounidense.
1921 Eulalio Ferrer, escritor y publicista mexicano nacido en España.
1918 Theodore Sturgeon, escritor estadounidense.
1916 Jackie Gleason, actor estadounidense.
1908 Tex Avery, animador y director estadounidense.
1903 Agustín de Foxá, escritor, periodista y diplomático español.
1903 Giulio Natta, químico italiano, Premio Nobel de Química en 1963.
1893 Guillermo Fernández Shaw, libretista madrileño de zarzuelas
1885 José de la Riva Agüero, escritor y político, presidente de Perú (1923-1927).
1883 Eugenio Hermoso, pintor español.
1876 Agustín Pedro Justo, Presidente de Argentina (1932-1938).
1861 Rey Fernando I de Bulgaria.
1857 Émile Coué, psicólogo y farmacólogo francés.
1852 John Harvey Kellogg, doctor estadounidense.
1846 Buffalo Bill, showman estadounidense.
1829 Levi Strauss, empresario estadounidense.
1808 Honoré Daumier, pintor y caricaturista francés.
1802 Victor Hugo, escritor francés.
1799 Émile Clapeyron, ingeniero y físico francés.
1749 Jeremy Bentham, pensador inglés.
1564 Christopher Marlowe, dramaturgo inglés.
1361 Wenceslao de Luxemburgo, Rey de Bohemia.
Fallecimientos Notables en Febrero 26 …
2009 Johnny Kerr, jugador y entrenador de baloncesto estadounidense (n. 1932).
2009 Norm Van Lier, baloncestista estadounidense (n. 1947).
2008 Ricardo Lafuente, compositor español (n. 1930).
2008 Rogelio Baón, abogado, periodista y político español (n. 1942).
2007 Jorge Franco, humorista chileno.
2005 Francisco de Asís Cabrero, arquitecto español.
2005 Jef Raskin, inventor de la Apple 1, la primera computadora personal.
2004 Borís Trajkovski, presidente de la República de Macedonia.
2001 Arturo Úslar Pietri, escritor venezolano.
1998 Theodore Schultz, economista estadounidense.
1994 Juan Beneyto Pérez, profesor español de Ciencias de la Comunicación
1985 Tjalling Koopmans, economista estadounidense de origen holandés.
1982 Paco Martínez Soria, actor español.
1981 Robert Aickman, escritor inglés.
1971 Fernandel, actor francés.
1969 Karl Jaspers, psiquiatra y filósofo alemán.
1969 Levi Eshkol, Primer Ministro de Israel.
1966 Gino Severini, pintor italiano.
1961 Mohammed V, Rey de Marruecos.
1932 Alfonso Cela Villeito, “Celita”, torero español
1931 Otto Wallach, químico alemán, premio Nobel de Química en 1910.
1930 Rafael Merry del Val, cardenal español.
1921 Carl Menger Economista Austriaco
1889 Santa Paula Montal, fundadora de las Escolapias.
1878 Juan María Gutiérrez, escritor y político argentino.
1821 Joseph de Maistre, teórico político saboyano.
1770 Giuseppe Tartini, compositor y violinista italiano.
1685 Carlos II, rey de Inglaterra, Escocia e Irlanda.
1577 Erik XIV, Rey de Suecia.
1561 Jorge de Montemayor, escritor portugués, autor de La Diana, primera novela pastoril escrita en castellano.
1525 Cuauhtémoc, emperador azteca.
1154 Rey Rogelio II de Sicilia
0421 San Porfirio, santo de origen griego.
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  • 1862 In camp with Elisha Hunt Rhodes
  • Cold War

  • 1990 Sandinistas are defeated in Nicaraguan elections
  • Crime

  • 1993 World Trade Center is bombed
  • 2012 Florida teen Trayvon Martin is shot and killed
  • Disaster

  • 1972 Dam collapses in West Virginia
  • General Interest

  • 1935 Hitler organizes Luftwaffe
  • 1949 Lucky Lady II begins nonstop global flight
  • 1984 Last U.S. Marines leave Beirut
  • 1993 World Trade Center bombed
  • Hollywood

  • 2005 Oscar winner Halle Berry accepts Razzie for Catwoman
  • Literary

  • 1564 Christopher Marlowe is baptized
  • Music

  • 1928 Fats Domino is born in New Orleans
  • Old West

  • 1929 Grand Teton National Park is established
  • Presidential

  • 1929 Coolidge establishes Grand Teton National Park
  • Sports

  • 1996 Stockton gets 11,000th NBA assist
  • Vietnam War

  • 1965 First South Korean troops arrive
  • 1968 Mass graves discovered in Hue
  • World War I

  • 1917 President Wilson learns of Zimmermann Telegram
  • World War II

  • 1945 Corregidor’s last gasp
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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