Abril 28 en la Historia | bambinoides.com
Jueves 27 Abril, 2017 19:45

Abril 28 en la Historia

Italy’s dictator Benito Mussolini killed; Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein born; Muhammad Ali refuses military induction during the Vietnam War; The first space tourist; ‘Tonight Show’ host Jay Leno born

Hoy en la Historia – Today in History

April 28

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred

1945:

Italian partisans kill Mussolini

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini, dictator of Italy until his downfall in 1943, has been killed by partisans along with his mistress, Clara Petacci, and some close associates.Their bodies were taken to Milan from the Lecco district near Lake Como where they were arrested and then killed yesterday.

According to the Times correspondent in Milan, the corpses of Mussolini, Petacci and 12 Fascists are on display in Piazzale Loreto “with ghastly promiscuity in the open square under the same fence against which one year ago 15 partisans had been shot by their own countrymen”.

One woman fired five shots into Mussolini’s body, according to Milan Radio, and shouted: “Five shots for my five assassinated sons!”

Other passers-by spat on the bodies.

Most British people are shocked at Mussolini’s end not knowing the full history of Piazzale Loreto.
People’s War memories »

The executions are the first conspicuous demonstration of mob violence carried out by the partisans who until now have been kept under control by their leaders.The partisan commander-in-chief General Raffaele Cadorna said such incidents were regrettable but desirable in this case as a way for the public to vent their anger against the former dictator and his cohorts.

Among the bodies were former general secretary of the Fascist Party, Roberto Farinacci and Carlo Scorza, former secretary of the party.

Mussolini was spotted yesterday heading towards Switzerland by an Italian customs guard at Dongo, near Lake Como. He was driving a car in a column of other German cars wearing a German greatcoat over his uniform.

Other members of his party were found in neighbouring villages.

It was in Milan that Mussolini founded Europe’s first fascist movement – Fasci di Combattimento – in 1919.

He came to power in 1922 after the so-called March on Rome.

By 1928 Mussolini was absolute dictator and took the title of Duce, leader, and embarked on an expansionist foreign policy taking Ethiopia in 1935 and annexing Albania in 1939. That same year Mussolini signed a Tripartite Pact with Adolf Hitler’s Germany and Imperial Japan.

After defeats in Greece, the Balkans, North Africa and Russia, Mussolini lost popularity. Then on 9 July 1943 the Allies landed in Sicily and Italy was faced with an invasion of its mainland.

Mussolini failed to secure assurances from Germany of adequate support against such an invasion and the Fascist Grand Council turned against him and had him arrested on 25 July.

Marshal Pietro Badoglio was appointed prime minister, dissolved fascist organisations and negotiated an armistice with the Allies.

Six weeks later the Germans launched a dramatic rescue of Mussolini. He was made head of the puppet republic of Salo – also known as the Italian Social Republic – once the Germans had occupied northern Italy in September 1943.

On 11 October 1943 the Badoglio government declared war on Germany.

In Context
It was later reported the mutilated bodies of Mussolini and his mistress had been hung upside down outside the forecourt of a Milan garage.Beside them was Alessandro Pavolini, who had headed the “black brigades” to hunt down partisans and former leader of the Fascist Party Achille Starace.

On the following day Mussolini was buried in the family tomb in the village of Predappio.

The Committee of National Liberation in northern Italy publicly accepted responsibility for the executions and called them a “necessary conclusion to a phase of history which has left Italy in a state of material and moral ruin”.

Two days after Mussolini’s death, Adolf Hitler committed suicide in his bunker in Berlin and the war was effectively over in Europe.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

On 29 April 1945, the bodies of Mussolini, Petacci, and the other executed Fascists were loaded into a moving van and trucked south to Milan.

On 29 April 1945, the bodies of Mussolini, Petacci, and the other executed Fascists were loaded into a moving van and trucked south to Milan.

Mussolini executed_4

The corpse of Italian fascist leader Benito Mussolini (1883 – 1945) hangs by his feet in front of a huge crowd at a petrol station in Milan under the eyes of US soldiers.

Mussolini executed_7

Benito Mussolini (1883 – 1945) lies dead in Milan’s Piazza Loreto.

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This Day in History

History Channel

1945

Benito Mussolini executed

Benito Mussolini

Mussolini executed_8

Benito Mussolini_2

Mussolini executed_9

On this day in 1945, “Il Duce,” Benito Mussolini, and his mistress, Clara Petacci, are shot by Italian partisans who had captured the couple as they attempted to flee to Switzerland.

The 61-year-old deposed former dictator of Italy was established by his German allies as the figurehead of a puppet government in northern Italy during the German occupation toward the close of the war. As the Allies fought their way up the Italian peninsula, defeat of the Axis powers all but certain, Mussolini considered his options. Not wanting to fall into the hands of either the British or the Americans, and knowing that the communist partisans, who had been fighting the remnants of roving Italian fascist soldiers and thugs in the north, would try him as a war criminal, he settled on escape to a neutral country.

Mussolini executed_1He and his mistress made it to the Swiss border, only to discover that the guards had crossed over to the partisan side. Knowing they would not let him pass, he disguised himself in a Luftwaffe coat and helmet, hoping to slip into Austria with some German soldiers. His subterfuge proved incompetent, and he and Petacci were discovered by partisans and shot, their bodies then transported by truck to Milan, where they were hung upside down and displayed publicly for revilement by the masses.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Abril 28 se celebra…
  • Día 28 de abril de cada año, Día de la Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo
Abril 28 en la Historia del Mundo …
2004 Año de retiro del futbolista italiano Roberto Baggio
2004 Colombia: en Bogotá, una retroexcavadora cae sobre un bus escolar: mueren 21 niños y un adulto.
2003 La empresa Apple abre la tienda de música iTunes Store, vendiendo 1 millón de canciones en su primera semana.
1999 Día Internacional de la Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo.
1996 El arquitecto español Rafael Moneo galardonado con el Premio Pritzker de arquitectura, el primer español que recibe este galardón.
1994 El poeta Carlos Bousoño galardonado con el Premio Príncipe de Asturias de las Letras.
1992 Fin de la guerra civil en Afganistán, con la entrega de poderes del Gobierno comunista a Sibgatulah Muyadedi.
1981 Aprobación definitiva y promulgación del Estatuto de Autonomía de Galicia.
1977 En España son legalizados los sindicatos de UGT, USO y CC.OO.
1969 Dimisión de De Gaulle como presidente de Francia.
1967 Cassius Clay se niega a ser reclutado para la guerra del Vietnam.
1967 Inauguración en Montreal de la Exposición universal.
1965 Tropas estadounidenses llegan a la República Dominicana para evacuar a todos los americanos y “prevenir el establecimiento de una dictadura comunista.”
1959 Fundación de la Casa de las Américas en La Habana.
1947 Una expedición de seis hombres parte del puerto del Callao, Perú, en la balsa Kon Tiki con destino a la Polinesia. Recorrerán los casi 7.000 kilómetros en 101 días de travesía.
1945 Benito Mussolini y su amante, Clara Petacci, son ejecutados en Dongo, localidad del norte de Italia.
1945 Hitler se casa en Berlín con Eva Braun.
1935 Se inagura el metro de Moscú, con un recorrido de 82 kilómetros.
1934 Séptimo Gobierno de la II República española, presidido por Ricardo Samper.
1921 El cubano José Raúl Capablanca, se proclama campeón mundial de ajedrez al vencer en La Habana al alemán Emanuel Lasker.
1919 Se acuerda en París la fundación de la Liga de las Naciones.
1912 Italia ocupa la isla de Rodas.
1906 Se inaugura la Exposición Internacional de Milán.
1902 Fundación del Manchester United FC, de Manchester, Inglaterra.
1893 Levantamiento militar en Nicaragua.
1887 Se realiza en Francia la primera carrera de automóviles de la historia.
1862 Batalla de las Cumbres en México.
1832 Se sustituye en España la horca por el garrote vil como instrumento de ejecuciones.
1686 Publicación del primer volumen de los “Principia” de Isaac Newton.
1611 Se funda la Universidad de Santo Tomás, en Manila, Filipinas.
1503 Batalla de Ceriñola: el Gran Capitán derrota al duque de Nemours.
1484 Pedro de Vera conquista la isla de Gran Canaria.
0796 España: tras la muerte de Hisham I, su hijo Al-Hakam I es proclamado emir de Córdoba.
Nacimientos Notables en Abril 28 …
1986 Keri Sable, actriz porno estadounidense.
1985 Carlos Brambila
1981 Jessica Alba, actriz estadounidense.
1980 Josh Howard, jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1978 Dave Power, actor estadounidense.
1974 Penélope Cruz, actriz española.
1973 Francisco Palencia, futbolista mexicano.
1973 Jorge Garcia, actor estadounidense
1972 Violent J, rapero estadounidense (Insane Clown Posse).
1970 Diego Simeone, futbolista argentino.
1968 Daisy Berkowitz, músico de la banda estadounidense Marilyn Manson.
1967 Kari Wührer, actriz estadounidense.
1966 Too $hort, rapero estadounidense.
1960 Jón Páll Sigmarsson, halterófilo islandés.
1960 Oscar De Sousa Abreu, economista venezolano.
1960 Walter Zenga, futbolista italiano.
1957 Christopher Young, compositor estadounidense.
1957 Poli Rincón, futbolista español.
1953 Kim Gordon, cantante estadounidense (Sonic Youth).
1953 Roberto Bolaño, escritor y poeta chileno.
1952 Mary McDonnell, actriz estadounidense.
1950 Jay Leno, presentador de televisión estadounidense.
1949 Bruno Kirby, actor estadounidense
1948 Terry Pratchett, escritor británico.
1943 Jacques Dutronc, cantante y actor francés.
1942 Francisco Rico Manrique, filólogo español.
1941 Ann-Margret, actriz estadounidense de origen sueco.
1941 K. Barry Sharpless, químico estadounidense, Premio Nobel en 2001
1941 Lucien Aimar, ciclista francés.
1938 Ricardo Domenech, profesor y escritor español.
1937 Sadam Husein, político y militar sunnita iraquí.
1937 Saddam Hussein, dictador iraquí.
1930 Carolyn Jones, actriz estadounidense.
1930 James Baker, político y secretario de Estado estadounidense.
1928 Alberto Blancafort, compositor y director de orquesta español.
1928 Yves Klein, artista francés.
1926 Harper Lee, escritora estadounidense.
1925 Bülent Ecevit, político y primer ministro turco.
1924 Kenneth David Kaunda, político zambiano.
1922 Alistair MacLean, novelista escocés.
1919 Franco Rossi, cineasta italiano.
1917 Valentín García Yebra, escritor, catedrático y académico español.
1914 José Beltrán de Heredia, jurista, profesor y académico español.
1908 Oskar Schindler, empresario alemán y salvador de judíos.
1906 Kurt Gödel, matemático austriaco.
1900 Jan Hendrik Oort, astrónomo holandés.
1889 António de Oliveira Salazar, dictador portugués.
1878 Lionel Barrymore, actor estadounidense.
1868 Georgy Voronoi matemático ruso.
1851 Vital Aza, dramaturgo cómico español.
1838 Tobias Michael Carel Asser, jurisconsulto neerlandés, premio Nobel de la Paz en 1911.
1818 José María Montoto López Vigil, escritor y jurista español.
1777 José Primo de Rivera y Ortiz de Pinedo, militar español.
1770 Rita Luna, actriz española.
1758 James Monroe, 5° presidente de los Estados Unidos.
1442 Eduardo IV, rey de Inglaterra (1461-1470; 1471-1483)
Fallecimientos Notables en Abril 28 …
2009 Ekaterina Maximova, bailarina de ballet rusa (n. 1939).
2009 Idea Vilariño, poeta uruguaya (n. 1920).
2009 Javier Ortiz, periodista español (n. 1948).
2005 Percy Heath, músico estadounidense, contrabajista de jazz.
2005 Raimon Galí, historiador y escritor español.
2001 Germán Sopeña, periodista y escritor argentino.
2000 Antonio Buero Vallejo, dramaturgo y académico español.
1999 Arthur Leonard Schawlow, físico estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Física en 1981.
1999 Osvaldo Civile, guitarrista argentino.
1995 Santiago Lagunas, pintor y arquitecto español.
1994 Rafael Rabello, músico brasileño.
1992 Francis Bacon, pintor británico.
1989 Raúl Sendic, fundador y dirigente de los tupamaros uruguayos.
1983 Jaime Bateman, máximo dirigente del Movimiento 19 de Abril.
1976 Jesús Pabón y Suárez de Urbina, escritor e historiador español.
1973 Jacques Maritain, filósofo católico francés.
1960 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, presidente de Chile en dos oportunidades
1957 Genaro Salinas, tenor y cantante popular mexicano.
1954 Léon Jouhaux, sindicalista francés, Premio Nobel de la Paz en 1951.
1949 Chalupa, el “rey de los payasos” de Chile.
1945 Benito Mussolini, Jefe de Estado de Italia.
1945 Clara Petacci, amante de Benito Mussolini.
1918 Gavrilo Princip, terrorista serbio-bosnio.
1903 Josiah Willard Gibbs, físico y matemático estadounidense.
1873 Alessandro Manzoni, poeta, dramaturgo y novelista italiano.
1853 Ludwig Tieck, escritor alemán.
1843 Noah Webster, lexicógrafo estadounidense.
1810 Francisco Cabarrús, financiero y político español de origen francés.
1716 Luis María Grignion de Montfort, sacerdote francés.
1710 Thomas Betterton actor inglés.
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1945 Benito Mussolini executed
  • American Revolution

  • 1776 Colonel McIntosh writes to Washington
  • Automotive

  • 1916 Ferruccio Lamborghini born
  • Civil War

  • 1810 Union general who advocated for black troops is born
  • Cold War

  • 1965 U.S. troops land in the Dominican Republic
  • Crime

  • 2011 Jaycee Dugard’s kidnappers plead guilty
  • Disaster

  • 1995 Gas pipe explodes in South Korea
  • General Interest

  • 1789 Mutiny on the HMS Bounty
  • 1969 De Gaulle resigns as leader of France
  • 1977 Red Army Faction trial ends
  • 1996 Port Arthur Massacre in Australia
  • Hollywood

  • 2004 Comcast abandons bid to buy Disney
  • Literary

  • 1925 T.S. Eliot accepts a job at Faber and Faber publishers
  • Music

  • 1965 My Name is Barbra is Barbra Streisand’s debut television special
  • Old West

  • 1897 Chickasaw and Choctaw abandon communal lands
  • Presidential

  • 1758 President Monroe is born
  • Sports

  • 1967 Muhammad Ali refuses Army induction
  • Vietnam War

  • 1970 Nixon approves Cambodian incursion
  • 1972 North Vietnamese press South Vietnamese at Hue and Kontum
  • World War I

  • 1915 International Congress of Women opens at The Hague
  • World War II

  • 1945 Mussolini is executed
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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(Media - Bambinoides)


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