Abril 27 en la historia: | bambinoides.com
Miércoles 26 Abril, 2017 19:45

Abril 27 en la historia:

Universe is created; Russians and Americans link at Elbe; Magellan is killed but mission goes on; U.S. Marines attack North Africa during the First Barbary War; U.S. Marine Corps get hymn lyrics; Ailing Babe Ruth honored. Ulysses S. Grant is born

Hoy en la Historia – Today in History

April 27

 

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred

1945:

Russians and Americans link at Elbe

American GI greeting Russian soldier with handshake and arms round shoulders

Formal handshake for the cameras: American GI Lt William Robertson greets Russian soldier Lt Alexander Sylvashko

 

Russian and American troops have joined hands at the River Elbe in Germany, bringing the end of the war a step closer.

Statements have been released simultaneously in London, Moscow and Washington this evening reaffirming the determination of the three Allied powers to complete the destruction of the Third Reich.

According to a statement issued by Downing Street, the commanders of a United States division and of a Russian Guards division met at Torgau, south of Berlin on 26 April at 1600 hours local time.

Here we met the Russians who had advanced from the East. This was the first meeting of the Allied Forces

In fact the first contact was made between patrols on 25 April when a first lieutenant and three men of an intelligence and reconnaissance platoon of the US division met forward elements of the Russian Guards division.

First Lieutenant Albert Kotzebue of the 3rd Battalion, 273rd Infantry, 69th Infantry Division took his men in a boat across the Elbe to be greeted by Lt Col Alexander Gardiev, Commander of the 175th Rifle Regiment of the 58th Guards Division, 34th Corps.

They made arrangements for the formal handshake in front of photographers at Torgau the following day.

By joining forces at Elbe, the American and Soviet troops have successfully cut the Germany army in two. However, The Times correspondent warns of the of the possibility of “a protracted period of mountain warfare”.

The American and Russian military leaders have paid tribute to their troops. In Moscow 324 guns fired a 24 salvo in honour of “victory of the freedom-loving peoples over Germany”.

General Omar Bradley, commander of the US 12th Army Group, praised the Soviet troops for their determination in forcing the Germans to abandon Russia and push them back to the Elbe River.

He went on to pay tribute to the American forces: “In 10 months you have advanced 1,120km (696 miles) from the invasion beaches. All this has been attained thanks to your courage, your spirit and initiative and thanks to your comrades who died in order to achieve this.”

The British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, said: “We meet in true and victorious comradeship and with inflexible resolve to fulfil our purpose and our duty. Let all march forward upon the foe.”

President Harry STruman welcomed the news: “This is not the hour of final victory in Europe, but the hour draws near, the hour for which all the American people, all the British people and all the Soviet people have toiled and prayed so long.”

Marshal Joseph Stalin spoke of the war still ahead: “Our task and our duty are to complete the destruction of the enemy to force him to lay down his arms and surrender unconditionally.

“The Red Army will fulfil to the end this task and this duty to our people and to all freedom-loving peoples.”

In Context

Three days later (30 April) Adolf Hitler committed suicide with his wife of only a few hours, Eva Braun, in the underground bunker from where he had been directing operations.On 4 May a representative of Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz, Hitler’s successor as chief of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces surrendered the Netherlands, Denmark and north-western Germany to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery at Luneberg Heath, south-east of Hamburg.

The six-year European phase of history’s most destructive war ended on 7 May with Germany’s unconditional surrender to Eisenhower at Reims.

Victory in Europe Day was celebrated on 8 May.

However, the Soviets refused to accept the Reims agreement and insisted another peace deal was signed in Berlin on 8 May. As the Red Army was still fighting for control of Prague at the time, the ceasefire did not come into effect until 11 May.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

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This Day in History

History Channel

4977 BC

Universe is created, according to Kepler

article-universe-is-created-according-to-kepler-on-april-27_1

johannes-kepler

 

universe_1On this day in 4977 B.C., the universe is created, according to German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler, considered a founder of modern science. Kepler is best known for his theories explaining the motion of planets.
Kepler was born on December 27, 1571, in Weil der Stadt, Germany. As a university student, he studied the Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus’ theories of planetary ordering. Copernicus (1473-1543) believed that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the solar system, a theory that contradicted the prevailing view of the era that the sun revolved around the earth.

InMike-Cirillo-Lab-Solar-Music-Kepler-Quote 1600, Kepler went to Prague to work for Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, the imperial mathematician to Rudolf II, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Kepler’s main project was to investigate the orbit of Mars. When Brahe died the following year, Kepler took over his job and inherited Brahe’s extensive collection of astronomy data, which had been painstakingly observed by the naked eye. Over the next decade, Kepler learned about the work of Italian physicist and astronomer Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), who had invented a telescope with which he discovered lunar mountains and craters, the largest four satellites of Jupiter and the phases of Venus, among other things. Kepler corresponded with Galileo and eventually obtained a telescope of his own and improved upon the design. In 1609, Kepler published the first two of his three laws of planetary motion, which held that planets move around the sun in ellipses, not circles (as had been widely believed up to that time), and that planets speed up as they approach the sun and slow down as they move away. In 1619, he produced his third law, which used mathematic principles to relate the time a planet takes to orbit the sun to the average distance of the planet from the sun.

Kepler’s research was slow to gain widespread traction during his lifetime, but it later served as a key influence on the English mathematician Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727) and his law of gravitational force. Additionally, Kepler did important work in the fields of optics, including demonstrating how the human eye works, and math. He died on November 15, 1630, in Regensberg, Germany. As for Kepler’s calculation about the universe’s birthday, scientists in the 20th century developed the Big Bang theory, which showed that his calculations were off by about 13.7 billion years.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Abril 27 se celebra…
  • Chile – Día del carabinero.
  • El Día Mundial del Diseño se celebra el 27 de abril por iniciativa del Consejo Internacional de Asociaciones de Diseño Gráfico (Icograda)
Abril 27 en la Historia del Mundo …
2005 Primer vuelo del Airbus A380, el avión mas grande del mundo.
1994 Sudáfrica: Se celebran elecciones multirraciales libres, poniendo fin al período conocido como apartheid.
1992 Serbia y Montenegro proclaman la nueva República Federal de Yugoslavia.
1989 Hussein de Jordania anuncia convocatoria de elecciones.
1984 Sale de la cadena de montaje de Seat en Barcelona el primer Ibiza
1978 Muere durante un golpe de Estado Mohammed Daud Kham, presidente de Afganistán.
1961 Sierra Leona: Alcanza la independencia del Reino Unido.
1960 Togo: Alcanza la independencia de Francia.
1950 Gran Bretaña reconoce el Estado de Israel.
1945 II Guerra Mundial: Proclamación de la II República de Austria y de su independencia de la Alemania nazi. Partisanos italianos capturan a Benito Mussolini.
1937 EE.UU.: Se inaugura el puente llamado Golden Gate en la ciudad de San Francisco (California).
1928 España: Se funda en España el Patronato Nacional de Turismo.
1927 Chile: Fundación de Carabineros de Chile por el presidente Carlos Ibáñez del Campo.
1925 El cabecilla Abd-el-Krim asalta la primera posición en el Marruecos francés.
1909 Es derrocado el Sultán de Turquía Abdul Hamid II.
1849 España: Se inaugura en el Palacio Real de Madrid el teatro que Isabel II de España mandó construir al arquitecto Narciso Pascual.
1848 Francia: Se promulga en Francia el Decreto de abolición de la esclavitud.
1835 Charles Darwin inicia un viaje por tierra a lo largo de la costa de Perú.
1832 La Legión extranjera francesa combate por primera vez cerca de Argel.
1813 Las fuerzas Patriotas (Chile) sorprenden al ejército realista en Yerbas Buenas Chile, obligándolo a replegarse más al sur.
1810 Ludwig van Beethoven compuso su famosa pieza para piano, “Para Elisa”.
1673 Estreno de Cadmus et Hermione, ópera de Jean-Baptiste Lully.
1565 Fundación de Cebu, primer asentamiento español en Filipinas.
0711 España: Mientras Rodrigo se enfrenta a los vascones, Tariq ibn Ziyad al-Layti llega a Tarifa (Cádiz) con un numero de hombres de unos 7000 y derrotan a las fuerzas que mandaba Sancho, sobrino de Rodrigo, comenzando así la ocupación musulmana de la península Ibérica.
Nacimientos Notables en Abril 27 …
1984 Patrick Stump, músico estadounidense (Fall Out Boy).
1981 Fabrizio Faniello, cantante maltés.
1980 Christian Lara, futbolista ecuatoriano.
1979 William Boyd, bajista estadounidense (Evanescence).
1976 Walter Pandiani, futbolista uruguayo.
1974 Jorge Rosales, abogado tributarista
1969 Darcey Bussell, ballerina inglesa.
1967 Guillermo Alejandro de Orange-Nassau, principe de Holanda.
1959 Sheena Easton, cantante escocesa.
1952 Ari Vatanen, piloto de rally finlandés.
1952 George Gervin, jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1952 Rosa Díez, política española del PSOE del País Vasco.
1948 Kate Pierson, cantante estadounidense (The B-52’s).
1947 Ace Frehley, guitarrista estadounidense, co-fundador de la banda KISS.
1947 Maria del Mar Bonet, cantante.
1947 Palomo Linares, torero español.
1939 Stanislaw Dziwisz, cardenal polaco.
1934 Pedro Pascual de Sans, físico, investigador y académico español.
1933 Rafael Guillén, poeta español.
1932 Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún, político y abogado español.
1932 Anouk Aimée, actriz francesa.
1932 Casey Kasem, actor de voz estadounidense.
1932 Joaquín Prat, locutor y presentador español.
1932 Pik Botha, político sudafricano.
1931 Igor Oistrakh, violinista ucraniano.
1927 Coretta Scott King, activista estadounidense.
1927 Karl Alexander Müller, físico suizo, Premio Nobel de Física en 1987.
1910 Chiang Ching-kuo, presidente de la República de China.
1900 Walter Lantz, caricaturista y animador estadounidense.
1887 Toribio Echeverría, escritor, político y humanista español.
1822 Ulysses S. Grant, presidente de los EE.UU. (1869- 1877.
1820 Herbert Spencer, filósofo británico.
1806 María Cristina de Borbón, reina consorte de España de Fernando VII durante cuatro años y regente durante siete.
1791 Samuel Morse, pintor e inventor estadounidense.
1759 Mary Wollstonecraft, escritora britanica
1494 Sûleyman, llamado el Magnífico, sultán otomano.
Fallecimientos Notables en Abril 27 …
2007 Mstislav Rostropóvich, violonchelista soviético.
2005 María Schell, actriz austríaca.
2003 Sir Bernard Katz, biofísico británico.
2002 Barón Thyssen, coleccionista de arte y empresario holandés.
1999 Al Hirt, músico de jazz estadounidense.
1998 Carlos Castaneda, antropólogo estadounidense, considerado como uno de los padres del movimiento New Age.
1997 Dulce María Loynaz, poetisa cubana.
1997 Gabriel Figueroa, director de fotografía mexicano.
1992 Olivier Messiaen, músico francés.
1986 Broderick Crawford, actor estadounidense.
1977 Héctor Germán Oesterheld, escritor de historietas argentino. (desaparecido)
1969 René Barrientos Ortuño, presidente boliviano.
1965 Edward R. Murrow, periodista estadounidense.
1940 Joaquín Mir, pintor español.
1937 Antonio Gramsci, político y pedagogo italiano.
1936 Karl Pearson, matemático británico.
1932 Hart Crane, poeta estadounidense.
1915 Alexander Scriabin, compositor ruso.
1882 Ralph Waldo Emerson, escritor estadounidense.
1827 Joaquín Blake y Joyes, militar español.
1605 Papa León XI.
1521 Hernando de Magallanes, explorador portugués.
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 4977 Universe is created, according to Kepler
  • American Revolution

  • 1773 Parliament passes the Tea Act
  • Automotive

  • 2009 GM announces plans to phase out Pontiac
  • Civil War

  • 1865 Union soldiers die in steamship explosion
  • Cold War

  • 1978 Afghan president is overthrown and murdered
  • Crime

  • 1997 Cunanan begins his killing spree
  • Disaster

  • 1865 Civil War vets are caught in steamboat explosion
  • General Interest

  • 1521 Magellan killed in the Philippines
  • 1805 To the shores of Tripoli
  • 1865 Tragedy on the Mississippi
  • 1994 South Africa holds first multiracial elections
  • Hollywood

  • 1993 D.A. announces negligence caused Brandon Lee’s death
  • Literary

  • 1667 John Milton sells the copyright to Paradise Lost
  • Music

  • 1963 High school freshman Little Peggy March earns a #1 hit with “I Will Follow Him”
  • Old West

  • 1813 Explorer Zebulon Pike dies
  • Presidential

  • 1822 President Grant is born
  • Sports

  • 1956 Rocky Marciano retires as world heavyweight champion
  • Vietnam War

  • 1968 Humphrey announces his candidacy
  • 1972 North Vietnamese attack outskirts of Quang Tri
  • World War I

  • 1916 British attempt to bargain with Turks over Kut
  • World War II

  • 1941 German forces enter Athens
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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(Media - Bambinoides)


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