Abril 24 en la historia: | bambinoides.com
Domingo 23 Abril, 2017 19:45

Abril 24 en la historia:

American hostages in Iran ends in disaster . eight US servicemen killed in Iran; Hubble telescope takes off for space; Easter Rising begins in Ireland; Ottoman empire begins mass deportation of Armenians during World War I; Leftist students hold weeklong occupation at Columbia University; Barbara Streisand born.

Hoy en la Historia – Today in History

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred

1990:

Hubble telescope takes off for space

Hubble space telescope

The Hubble Space Telescope has taken 20 years to build

The American space agency Nasa has successfully launched the space shuttle Discovery from Cape Canaveral in Florida on its historic mission to carry the Hubble space telescope into orbit 380 miles (611.5 km) above the Earth.

The telescope will operate from high above the atmosphere, thus avoiding the interference which limits ground-based telescopes.

It will be able to see up to the edge of the known universe, taking images of objects and events which happened up to 14 billion years ago.

The telescope, the size of a railway carriage, has taken 20 years to build, at a cost of $1.55 billion.

It has been dogged by technical hitches, huge budget over-runs and other delays.

Seven years late

Its launch is seven years overdue, held up by problems in the space shuttle program, including the explosion of the Challenger shuttle in 1986.

The problems continued even once it was safely in space, as the British-made solar panel arrays which provide power for the six separate instruments on board malfunctioned.

However, scientists said they were expecting it to be difficult.

“Deploying the solar panels is technically more challenging than the launch of a shuttle one more time,” said Nasa scientist Stephen Maran.

The fault was resolved, and now the telescope faces six months of testing before becoming fully operational.

Test image

Nasa hopes to release the first test image – of an open star cluster known as NGC 3532 – in about a week.

Hubble’s main instrument is a finely-polished mirror 94 inches (240 cm) across.

There are also two cameras – one which can achieve image resolutions 10 times greater than that of even the largest Earth-based telescope, and a second which can detect an object 50 times fainter than anything visible from Earth.

“We are going to have the ability to observe the most distant objects, among the earliest in the universe, and thus probe the secrets of creation,” said Nasa’s chief scientist, Leonard Fisk.

The telescope will be controlled by the specially-created Space Telescope Science Institute at Baltimore.

It’s thought Hubble’s images will provoke a drastic revision of the shapes, sizes and content of galaxies already identified by ground-based telescopes.

It is also likely to find new stars and phenomena, and astronomers suggest the telescope provides the best chance yet of working out the true age of the universe.

In Context
When the first pictures from Hubble came through, in May 1990, scientists were horrified. The images were blurred – no better than would have been produced by a telescope on Earth.Hubble’s mirror had been made flatter than it should be by just one-fiftieth of the width of a human hair.

In December 1993, Hubble was repaired in orbit, in one of the landmarks of manned space flight.

A series of corrective mirrors were fixed to the telescope in an unprecedented series of five spacewalks in a single space shuttle flight.

Since the repair, Hubble has sent back a series of stunning photographs of deep space, and revolutionised thinking about the universe.

Among its most memorable images were startling pictures of Jupiter following the impact of Comet Shoemaker Levy 9 in 1994.

Between 2003 and 2004, instruments on Hubble were directed to a single spot in the sky to obtain the deepest-ever view of the universe.

The Hubble Ultra Deep Field, as it was called, showed the first stars beginning to shine, shortly after the moment when the universe was created 13.7 billion years ago.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

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This Day in History

History Channel

1916

Easter Rebellion begins

easter-rebellion-Ireland_5

easter-rebellion-Ireland_5easter-rebellion-Ireland_7On this day in 1916, on Easter Monday in Dublin, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, a secret organization of Irish nationalists led by Patrick Pearse, launches the so-called Easter Rebellion, an armed uprising against British rule. Assisted by militant Irish socialists under James Connolly, Pearse and his fellow Republicans rioted and attacked British provincial government headquarters across Dublin and seized the Irish capital’s General Post Office. Following these successes, they proclaimed the independence of Ireland, which had been under the repressive thumb of the United Kingdom for centuries, and by the next morning were in control of much of the city. Later that day, however, British authorities launched a counteroffensive, and by April 29 the uprising had been crushed. Nevertheless, the Easter Rebellion is considered a significant marker on the road to establishing an independent Irish republic.

Following the uprising, Pearse and 14 other nationalist leaders were executed for their participation and held up as martyrs by many in Ireland. There was easter-rebellion-Ireland_4little love lost among most Irish people for the British, who had enacted a series of harsh anti-Catholic restrictions, the Penal Laws, in the 18th century, and then let 1.5 million Irish starve during the Potato Famine of 1845-1848. Armed protest continued after the Easter Rebellion and in 1921, 26 of Ireland’s 32 counties won independence with the declaration of the Irish Free State. The Free State became an independent republic in 1949. However, six northeastern counties of the Emerald Isle remained part of the United Kingdom, prompting some nationalists to reorganize themselves into the Irish Republican Army (IRA) to continue their struggle for full Irish independence.

easter-rebellion-Ireland_6In the late 1960s, influenced in part by the U.S. civil rights movement, Catholics in Northern Ireland, long discriminated against by British policies that favored Irish Protestants, advocated for justice. Civil unrest broke out between Catholics and Protestants in the region and the violence escalated as the pro-Catholic IRA battled British troops. An ongoing series of terrorist bombings and attacks ensued in a drawn-out conflict that came to be known as “The Troubles.” Peace talks eventually took place throughout the mid- to late 1990s, but a permanent end to the violence remained elusive. Finally, in July 2005, the IRA announced its members would give up all their weapons and pursue the group’s objectives solely through peaceful means. By the fall of 2006, the Independent Monitoring Commission reported that the IRA’s military campaign to end British rule was over.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Abril 24 se celebra…
  • España, Alcoy – Día de los truenos (Día dels trons): Representación de la toma de la ciudad por las tropas moras y la posterior reconquista cristiana, último día de las fiestas en honor a San Jorge.
Abril 24 en la Historia del Mundo …
1184 B.C. Según la leyenda, los griegos entraron en Troya usando el Caballo de Troya.
2004 María Teresa Fernández de la Vega, preside el Consejo de Ministros de España. Es la primera mujer en la Historia de España que lo hace.
2003 Se completa la secuencia del genoma.
1996 El Consejo Nacional Palestino aprueba por mayoría la modificación de los artículos de la Constitución que incitaban la destrucción de Israel.
1996 En Roma, el Papa Juan Pablo II declara beatos al laico y montañista italiano Pier Giorgio Frassati y a Santa Gianna Beretta Molla, laica italiana, defensora del derecho a la vida.
1992 El arabista Emilio García Gómez, es galardonado con el Premio Príncipe de Asturias de Comunicación y Humanidades.
1990 Lanzamiento del telescopio espacial Hubble.
1984 Se estrena en Televisión la serie Las Aventuras de Sherlock Holmes, con Jeremy Brett (Holmes) y David Burke (Watson).
1982 – “Ein Bißchen Frieden” de Nicole, gana por Alemania la XXVII Edición de Eurovisión celebrada en Harrogate, Reino Unido.
1980 Jordi Pujol es elegido presidente de la Generalidad de Cataluña.
1968 Mauricio ingresa en la ONU
1966 Aniversario de fundación de Plaza Huincul.
1965 República Dominicana: Surge la revolución de abril regida por Caamaño Deñó.
1932 España: El aviador español Fernando Rein Loring sale de Madrid para realizar el primer viaje a Manila en avioneta civil.
1918 Se produce el primer enfrentamiento de la historia entre carros blindados durante la I Guerra Mundial.
1916 Levantamiento de Pascua, inicio de la Guerra de Independencia de Irlanda.
1915 Genocidio Armenio, Turquía lleva a cabo el primer genocidio del siglo XX muriendo 1.500.000 armenios.
1898 España le declara la guerra a los Estados Unidos.
1854 Francisco José I se casa en Viena con Sissi, princesa de Baviera, que se convertiría en emperatriz de Austria.
1817 El primer prototipo de bicicleta, aún sin pedales, es dado a conocer por el barón Carlos Federico von Drais.
1808 Los leoneses se “levantan” contra los franceses, siendo éste el primer levantamiento contra Napoleón en España.
1800 Se inaugura la Biblioteca del Congreso de los Estados Unidos, con una dotación inicial de 5.000 dólares.
1701 Comienza en España el reinado de la Casa de Borbón tras la llegada de Felipe V a Madrid.
1616 Los restos mortales de Miguel de Cervantes son enterrados en la iglesia de las Trinitarias, en Madrid.
1547 Batalla de Mühlberg entre el emperador Carlos I y la Liga de Esmalcalda.
Nacimientos Notables en Abril 24 …
1986 Jose Roberto Martiez Rosas, Ingeniero Mecatronico Maxicano.
1984 Tyson Ritter, músico estadounidense (All-American Rejects).
1982 Kelly Clarkson, cantante estadounidense.
1981 Taylor Dent, tenista estadounidense.
1975 Samia Doumit, actriz estadounidense.
1974 Joseph Bruce, rapero estadounidense (Insane Clown Posse).
1972 Chipper Jones, beisbolista estadounidense.
1971 Alejandro Fernández, cantante y actor mexicano.
1969 Melinda Clarke, actriz estadounidense.
1967 Omar Vizquel, beisbolista venezolano.
1966 Alessandro Costacurta, futbolista italiano.
1964 Djimon Hounsou, actor beninés nacionalizado estadounidense.
1963 Billy Gould, bajista estadounidense (Faith No More)
1957 Boris Williams, músico británico (The Cure)
1954 Captain Sensible, cantante y guitarrista británico (The Damned)
1954 Mumia Abu-Jamal, activista político estadounidense.
1952 Jean-Paul Gaultier, diseñador de moda francés.
1949 Wilfrido Vargas, cantante dominicano
1947 Josep Borrell, político español y Presidente del Parlamento Europeo.
1947 Roger D. Kornberg, científico estadounidense, Premio Nobel de Química en 2006.
1945 Doug Clifford, músico estadounidense (Creedence Clearwater Revival)
1942 Barbra Streisand, cantante, actriz y directora de cine estadounidense.
1941 John Williams, guitarrista australiano.
1940 Sue Grafton, escritora estadounidense.
1934 Shirley MacLaine, actriz estadounidense.
1933 Raúl Velasco, locutor de televisión mexicana.
1930 Richard Donner, director de cine estadounidense.
1919 César Manrique, artista español.
1907 Gabriel Figueroa, director de fotografía mexicano.
1905 Arturo Pacheco Altamirano, pintor chileno.
1904 Willem de Kooning, pintor holandés
1903 José Antonio Primo de Rivera, político español.
1901 Luis Chávez y González, obispo católico salvadoreño.
1897 Manuel Ávila Camacho, Presidente de México.
1896 Charlie Rivel, payaso español.
1882 Hugh Dowding, militar escocés.
1877 José Ingenieros, filósofo argentino.
1876 Erich Raeder, almirante alemán.
1856 Philippe Pétain, militar y político francés.
1853 Isaac Newell, fundador del Club Atlético Newell’s Old Boys de Rosario, Argentina.
1851 Eduardo Acevedo Díaz, escritor y político uruguayo.
1845 Carl Spitteler, escritor suizo, premio Nobel de Literatura en 1919.
1823 Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada, Presidente de México
1815 Anthony Trollope escritor inglés.
1815 Vicente Fidel López, escritor argentino.
1743 Edmund Cartwright, inventor británico.
1706 Giovanni Battista Martini, músico italiano.
1620 John Graunt, estadista inglés.
1581 San Vicente de Paúl, sacerdote francés.
1533 Guillermo de Orange-Nassau, Príncipe de Orange.
Fallecimientos Notables en Abril 24 …
2009 Mario Moreno, caricaturista peruano (n. 1944).
2009 Sixto Palavecino, poeta, cantante y violinista argentino (n. 1915).
2009 Virgílio Marques Mendes, “Virgílio”, futbolista portugués (n. 1926).
2008 Tristram Cary, compositor británico (n. 1925).
2007 Alan Ball, futbolista inglés.
1989 Clyde Geronimi, director de cine de animación.
1986 Wallis Simpson, plebeya norteamericana y Duquesa de Windsor.
1980 Alejo Carpentier, escritor y musicólogo cubano.
1974 Bud Abbott, actor norteamericano.
1966 Emilio Prados, poeta español.
1960 Max von Laue, físico alemán, premio Nobel de Física en 1914.
1948 Manuel M. Ponce, compositor Mexicano.
1914 Benito Menni, sacerdote italiano.
1910 José María Sbarbi y Osuna, religioso, filólogo y musicólogo español.
1852 Vasili Zhukovski, escritor ruso.
1736 Eugenio de Saboya, Príncipe de Saboya.
1710 Manuel de Oms y de Santa Pau, Virrey del Perú.
1521 Juan Bravo, Juan de Padilla y Francisco Maldonado, jefes comuneros de las Comunidades de Castilla
1479 Jorge Manrique, poeta castellano.
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1916 Easter Rebellion begins
  • American Revolution

  • 1781 Phillips and Arnold launch attack on Petersburg, Virginia
  • Automotive

  • 1983 German endurance driver killed in crash
  • Civil War

  • 1863 Union issues conduct code for soldiers
  • Cold War

  • 1955 The Bandung Conference concludes
  • Crime

  • 1922 Forensic evidence is introduced in Australia
  • Disaster

  • 1908 Tornado flattens towns in Louisiana and Mississippi
  • General Interest

  • 1800 Library of Congress established
  • 1953 Churchill knighted
  • 1980 Hostage rescue mission ends in disaster
  • Hollywood

  • 1982 Jane Fonda’s first Workout video released
  • Literary

  • 1940 Sue Grafton is born
  • Music

  • 1962 Patti LaBelle makes her debut on the pop charts, sort of
  • Old West

  • 1947 Author Willa Cather dies
  • Presidential

  • 1945 Truman is briefed on Manhattan Project
  • Sports

  • 1996 Penguins defeat Capitals in marathon hockey game
  • Vietnam War

  • 1967 Westmoreland makes controversial remarks
  • 1971 North Vietnamese attack South Vietnamese installations
  • World War I

  • 1916 The Easter Rising begins in Dublin
  • World War II

  • 1876 Erich Raeder, commander in chief of the German navy, is born on this day
  • 1940 Britain begins its evacuation of Greece in Operation Demon
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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(Media - Bambinoides)


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