Abril 20 en la historia: | bambinoides.com
Miércoles 19 Abril, 2017 19:45

Abril 20 en la historia:

Gunfire erupts at Columbine High; Cubans in the Mariel boatlift arrive in the U.S.; Ted Williams makes his baseball debut; Nazi Germany’s dictator Adolf Hitler born; Singer Luther Vandross born.

Hoy en la Historia – Today in History

BBC’s In Context:

Written as if the event had only just occurred

 

1999:

Students ‘kill dozens’ at Denver school

A shooting spree by two American high school students is feared to have left up to 25 people dead and injured at least 15 others.

The students, wearing balaclavas and trench coats, rampaged through Columbine High School in Denver, Colorado, firing automatic weapons and throwing homemade bombs.

Swat team at Columbine High School

A Swat team moves in to the school

The bodies of the two suspects, who had apparently shot themselves, were later found in the library.

Explosive devices are said to have been found on or near the suspects’ bodies.

They have been named as Eric Harris, 18, and 17-year-old Dylan Klebold.

‘Trench coat mafia’

The pair are said to have belonged to a group known as the “trench coat mafia” who boasted about owning guns and were alienated from the other children.

One girl told police she was in the library when one of the boys burst in and began firing shots.

“He said he would kill everyone who had been mean to him and his friends over the last year,” she said.

Other witnesses said the gunmen were targeting students from ethnic minorities and popular athletes.

As FBI agents and specialist firearms teams made their way through the carnage, a bomb set on a time device exploded.

At least 12 other bombs were found throughout the school, said police.

Three people believed to be friends of the suspects were arrested and were led away in handcuffs.

But a police spokeswoman said they were not thought to be directly involved in the shootings.

Columbine High School – which has 1,800 pupils – is situated in the middle-class suburb of Littleton.

US President Bill Clinton has sent his condolences to the town.

“The prayers of the American people are with you,” he said

In Context
The Columbine shooting was one of a spate of killings at US high schools.The final number of dead was 15, including the two attackers, and was at the time the greatest loss of life of any of the incidents at the time.

Soon afterwards US Vice-President Al Gore backed a bill to bring in tougher gun controls but it was thrown out by the US Congress.

In April 2001 the families of most of the victims of the Columbine school shootings were awarded $2.5m (£1.8m) after suing the gunmen’s parents and the men who sold them the weapons.

Eight years after the Columbine attack, a 23-year-old student killed 32 people and himself at Virginia Tech University in what became the United States’ worst mass-shooting.

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Images from Today’s History:

 

Associated Press

History Channel

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This Day in History

History Channel

1980

mariel_2

Saliendo de Cuba

mariel_5

Llegando a EE.UU.

Castro announces Mariel Boatlift

mariel_3On April 20, 1980, the Castro regime announces that all Cubans wishing to emigrate to the U.S. are free to board boats at the port of Mariel west of Havana, launching the Mariel Boatlift. The first of 125,000 Cuban refugees from Mariel reached Florida the next day.

The boatlift was precipitated by housing and job shortagescaused bythe ailing Cuban economy, leading to simmering internal tensions on the island. On April 1, Hector Sanyustiz and four others drove a bus through a fence at the Peruvian embassy and were granted political asylum. Cuban guards on the street opened fire. One guard was killed in the crossfire.

mariel_1

 

The Cuban government demanded the five be returned for trial in the dead guard’s death. But when the Peruvian government refused, Castro withdrew his guards from the embassy on Good Friday, April 4. By Easter Sunday, April 6, some 10,000 Cubans crowded into the lushly landscaped gardens at the embassy requesting asylum. Other embassies, including those of Spain and Costa Rica, agreed to take a small number of people. But suddenly, two weeks later, Castro proclaimed that the port of Mariel would be opened to anyone wishing to leave, as long as they had someone to pick them up. Cuban exiles in the United Statesrushed to hire boats in Miami and Key West and rescue their relatives.

In all, 125,000 Cubans fled to U.S. shores in about 1,700 boats, creating large waves of people that overwhelmed the U.S. Coast guard. Cuban guards had packed boat after boat, without considering safety, making some of the overcrowded boats barely seaworthy. Twenty-sevenmigrants died, including 14 on an overloaded boat that capsized on May 17.Mariel-Map1

The boatlift also began to have negative political implications for U.S.President Jimmy Carter.When it was discovered that a number of the exiles had been released from Cuban jails and mental health facilities, many were placed in refugee camps while others were held in federal prisons to undergo deportation hearings. Of the 125,000 “Marielitos,” as the refugees came to be known, who landed in Florida, more than 1,700 were jailed and another 587 were detained until they could find sponsors.

The exodus was finally ended by mutual agreement between theU.S. andCubangovernments in October 1980.

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Hoy en la Historia del Mundo / Efemérides

 Istopia Historia:

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 Hispanópolis:

Abril 20 en la Historia del Mundo …
2008 Elecciones nacionales en Paraguay, resultando presidente electo Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez.
2005 Ecuador: Es derrocado el presidente Lucio Gutiérrez, el Congreso Ecuatoriano designa a Alfredo Palacio como sucesor.
1999 Masacre del instituto Columbine: Eric Harris y Dylan Klebold, dos estudiantes del instituto Columbine, en Estados Unidos, ingresan al mismo y asesinan a 12 estudiantes y un profesor para luego suicidarse.
1993 España: El grupo musical vasco Negu Gorriak publica Borreroak Baditu Milaka Aurpegi, su disco más aclamado.
1992 En el estadio Wembley de Londres se realiza el Tributo a Freddie Mercury para la Prevención del SIDA. Participan los restantes integrantes de Queen, y artistas invitados como George Michael, David Bowie, Annie Lennox, Lisa Stansfield, Paul Young, Guns N’Roses, Elton John, Robert Plant, Metallica y Seal, entre otros.
1992 España: Sevilla: Se inaugura la Exposición Universal de Sevilla 1992.
1987 Es estrenado por primera vez un capitulo de Los Simpson como corto de 5 minutos
1961 Cuba: La Invasión de Bahía de Cochinos de fuerzas contrarrevolucionarias cubanas, apoyadas por la CIA, resulta un fracaso.
1906 Ecuador: Prodigio de la Dolorosa del Colegio San Gabriel en Quito.
1902 Los científicos franceses Pierre y Marie Curie refinan cloruro de radio.
1897 España: Barcelona: Entra en vigor el Decreto de Agregación, según el cual los municipios de Gràcia, Sant Martí de Provençals, Sant Andreu de Palomar, Sant Gervasi de Cassoles, Sants y les Corts se integran en el de Barcelona.
1871 Estados Unidos: Se declara una ley que suprime al Ku-Klux-Klan.
1862 Se completa el primer éxamen de pasteurización.
1810 Virreinato de Nueva Granada: La Junta de Gobierno de Caracas proclama la existencia de una soberanía nacional desligada de España.
1792 Europa: Francia le declara la guerra a Austria.
1775 Estados Unidos: Las tropas británicas sitian la ciudad de Boston.
1482 España: Un gran ejército musulmán al mando de Muley Hacén ataca Alhama de Granada, que es defendida vigorosamente por los cristianos.
Nacimientos Notables en Abril 20 …
1987 Damián Escudero, futbolista argentino.
1980 Jasmin Wagner, cantante alemana.
1978 Manuel Baqueiro, actor español.
1974 Tina Cousins, cantante inglesa.
1972 Carmen Electra, actriz estadounidense.
1971 Allan Houston, jugador de baloncesto estadounidense.
1970 Regine Velasquez, cantante y actriz filipina.
1967 Mike Portnoy, baterista estadounidense (Dream Theater).
1965 Adrián Fernández, piloto de Fórmula 1 mexicano.
1963 Fermin Muguruza, músico español.
1963 Mauricio Gugelmin, piloto de Fórmula 1 brasileño.
1952 Alberto Herreros, ex-jugador de baloncesto español.
1952 Bozidar Maljkovic, entrenador de baloncesto.
1951 Luther Vandross, cantante estadounidense.
1949 Jessica Lange, actriz estadounidense.
1949 Massimo D’Alema, político italiano.
1948 Adolf Lu Hitler Marak, político hindú.
1948 Craig Frost, músico (Grand Funk Railroad)
1947 Björn Skifs, actor, guionista, cantautor y escritor sueco.
1943 John Eliot Gardiner, director de orquesta británico.
1941 Ryan O’Neal, actor estadounidense.
1940 Pilar Miró, directora de cine española.
1939 Johnny Tillotson, cantnte estadounidense.
1937 George Takei, actor estadounidense.
1937 Gro Harlem Brundtland, ex-primera ministro noruega.
1935 Mario Camus, director de cine español.
1927 Karl Alexander Müller, físico suizo, Premio Nobel de Física en 1987.
1923 Tito Puente, músico latino.
1920 John Paul Stevens, político estadounidense.
1920 Ronald Speirs, militar estadounidense.
1918 Kai Manne Börje Siegbahn, físico sueco, Premio Nobel de Física en 1981.
1914 Betty Lou Gerson, actriz estadounidense.
1908 Lionel Hampton, músico de jazz estadounidense.
1904 Bruce Cabot, actor estadounidense.
1904 George R. Stibitz, científico estadounidense..
1893 Harold Lloyd, actor estadounidense.
1893 Joan Miró, pintor español.
1889 Adolf Hitler, político alemán, Führer del Tercer Reich.
1851 Tom Morris, Jr., golfista escocés.
1818 Heinrich Göbel, inventor alemán.
1808 Napoleón III, Emperador de Francia.
1777 Manuela Aguirre Pacheco “Manuela Morales”, soprano española.
1745 Philippe Pinel, médico francés.
1739 William Bartram, botánico y naturalista estadounidense.
1633 Emperador Go-Komyo del Japón.
1586 Isabel Flores, (Santa Rosa de Lima), religiosa peruana.
1492 Pietro Aretino, escritor italiano.
Fallecimientos Notables en Abril 20 …
2003 Bernard Katz, biofísico alemán, Premio Nobel de Medicina en 1970.
1993 Mario Moreno Cantinflas, cómico mexicano.
1992 Benny Hill, cómico británico.
1991 Don Siegel, montajista, productor y director de cine estadounidense.
1963 Julián Grimau, dirigente del Partido Comunista de España.
1951 Ivanoe Bonomi, político italiano.
1918 Carl Ferdinand Braun, físico alemán, premio Nobel de Física en 1909.
1912 Bram Stoker, escritor irlandés.
1912 Pedro Lira, pintor chileno.
1865 Braulio Foz, escritor y político español.
1472 Leon Battista Alberti, arquitecto, matemático y poeta italiano.
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History Channel: 

“Also on this Day”

  • Lead Story

  • 1980 Castro announces Mariel Boatlift
  • American Revolution

  • 1777 New York adopts state constitution
  • Automotive

  • 2008 Danica Patrick becomes first woman to win Indy race
  • Civil War

  • 1861 Lee resigns from U.S. Army
  • Cold War

  • 1978 Korean Air Lines jet forced down over Soviet Union
  • Crime

  • 1999 A massacre at Columbine High School
  • Disaster

  • 2010 Massive oil spill begins in Gulf of Mexico
  • General Interest

  • 1689 Siege of Londonderry begins
  • 1871 Ku Klux Act passed by Congress
  • 1902 Curies isolate radium
  • 1999 Columbine High School massacre
  • Hollywood

  • 1926 New sound process for films announced
  • Literary

  • 1841 First detective story is published
  • Music

  • 1923 “Mambo King” Tito Puente is born
  • Old West

  • 1914 Militia slaughters strikers at Ludlow, Colorado
  • Presidential

  • 1898 McKinley asks for declaration of war with Spain
  • Sports

  • 1986 Jordan scores 63 points in playoff game
  • Vietnam War

  • 1970 Nixon announces more troop withdrawals
  • 1971 “Fragging” on the rise in U.S. units
  • World War I

  • 1917 Nivelle Offensive ends in failure
  • World War II

  • 1945 Operation Corncob is launched while Hitler celebrates his birthday
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 El Calendario: Hoy en la Historia


Source: Associated Press | hispanopolis.com | history.com | news.bbc.co.uk  | Efemérides:  Por Juan Ramón Ortega Aguilera | istopiahistoria.blogspot.it | WIKI | YouTube | Google 

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(Media - Bambinoides)


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